[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The interaction of connexin 43 and E-cadherin may play an important role in carcinogenesis and malignant behaviour of tumours. In this study, we examined the relationship between connexin 43 and E-cadherin in human non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). Expression levels of connexin 43 and E-cadherin were examined in 107 NSCLC specimens by immunohistochemistry. The connexin 43 gene was transfected into lung cancer LH7 cells. The protein localizations and levels of connexin 43 and E-cadherin were detected using immunofluorescence staining and western blot. Cell cycle and proliferation of lung cancer cells were examined using flow cytometry and MTT. We found that reduced expression of both connexin 43 and E-cadherin significantly correlated to poor differentiation, advanced TNM stage, and lymph note metastasis of NSCLCs. Connexin 43 and E-cadherin expression significantly correlated with each other. Over-expression of connexin 43 significantly induced E-cadherin expression. Moreover, connexin 43-transfected LH7 cells showed significantly decreased cell proliferation. The percentage of cells in G1 phase increased, while the number of cells in S and G2 phases significantly decreased. We concluded that concurrent reduction of connexin 43 and E-cadherin may contribute to the development of lung cancer. Connexin 43 may induce E-cadherin expression and inhibit cell proliferation and progression of lung cancer.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of connexin 43 and E-cadherin in lung cancer and to study the interaction between the two molecules.
The expression and correlation of connexin 43 and E-cadherin were evaluated by immunohistochemistry (S-P method) in 85 samples of primary squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the lung. In addition, connexin 43 expression vector was transfected into the lung giant cell carcinoma cell line LH(7) followed by analyses of connexin 43 and E-cadherin expressions, the growth rates and cell cycle profiles of the transfected cells.
Comparing with the adjacent non-neoplastic lung tissue, expression of connexin 43 and E-cadherin was decreased in a correlative fashion in both squamous cell carcinomas and adenocarcinomas. Their expression reversely correlated to the degree of tumor cell differentiation, P-TNM stage, and status of lymph note metastasis. The expression of connexin 43 and E-cadherin increased significantly after transfection of connexin 43 expression vector into the LH(7) cells (P < 0.05). Both expressions were limited in the cytoplasm before or after the transfection. The proliferation rate of LH(7) cells was significantly decreased by connexin43 expression (P < 0.05), along with an increase of cell population at G(1) phase and a decrease of percentage of cells in S and G(2) phases (P < 0.05).
Squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of lung have a low level of connexin 43 and E-cadherin expression, which are correlated with the clinicopathologic features of the tumors. Transfection expression of connexin 43 gene induces an E-cadherin overexpression and an inhibition of LH(7) cell proliferation indicating the significant role of onnexin 43 in the regulation of cell proliferation.
Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi Chinese journal of pathology 06/2006; 35(6):339-43.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the clonality of polygonal cells and surface cuboidal cells in the so-called pulmonary sclerosing hemangioma (PSH).
17 female surgically resected PSH were found. The polygonal cells and surface cuboidal cells of the 17 PSH cases were microdissected from routine hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections. Genomic DNA was extracted, pretreated through incubation with methylation-sensitive restrictive endonuclease HhaI or HpaII, and amplified by nested polymerase chain reaction for X chromosome-linked androgen receptor (AR) and phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) genes. The length polymorphism of AR gene was demonstrated by denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and silver staining. The PGK gene products were treated with Bst XI and resolved on agarose gel.
Amongst the 17 female cases of PSH, 15 samples were successfully amplified for AR and PGK genes. The rates of polymorphism were 53% (8/15) and 27% (4/15) for AR and PGK genes respectively. Polygonal cells and surface cuboidal cells of 10 cases which were suitable for clonality study, showed the same loss of alleles (clonality ratio = 0) or unbalanced methylation pattern (clonality ratio < 0.25).
The polygonal cells and surface cuboidal cells in PSH demonstrate patterns of monoclonal proliferation, indicating that both represent true neoplastic cells.
Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi Chinese journal of pathology 05/2006; 35(5):267-71.