Wen-Xin Tang

Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China

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Publications (4)3.41 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Thioredoxin (Trx) is a member of the thioredoxin protein family and has a conserved catalytic domain (-Trp-Cys-Gly-Pro-Cys-Lys-) with reduction/oxidation (redox) activity. There are two main members in this family, Trx-1, a cytosolic and nuclear form, and Trx -2, a mitochondrial form. Trx-1 is a 104 amino acid multifunctional protein that has been extensively studied. Here we report the preparation of monoclonal antibodies (MAb) against recombinant human Trx-1(hTrx). To enhance its immunogenicity, Trx-1 was coupled to carrier protein bovine serum albumin by a two-step glutaraldehyde method. Using conventional procedures, we prepared three stable hybridoma cell lines that can produce and secret anti-Trx MAbs. We further analyzed their isotypes, titer, and affinity and found that those MAbs belong to the G1 subclass with kappa light chains, respectively. The MAbs were capable of recognizing hTrx-1, as determined by Western blotting.
    Hybridoma (2005) 11/2007; 26(5):338-41. · 0.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Different cell line with increased thioredoxin-1 (Trx-1) showed a decreased or increased sensitivity to cell killing by cisplatin. Recently, several studies found that the subcellular localization of Trx-1 is closely associated with its functions. In this study, we explored the association of the nuclear Trx-1 with the cisplatin-mediated apoptosis of breast cancer cells MCF-7. Firstly, we found that higher total Trx-1 accompanied by no change of nuclear Trx-1 can not influence apoptosis induced by cisplatin in MCF-7 cells transferred with Trx-1 cDNA. Secondly, higher nuclear Trx-1 accompanied by no change of total Trx-1 can protect cells from apoptosis induced by cisplatin. Thirdly, high nuclear Trx-1 involves in the cisplatin-resistance in cisplatin-resistive cells. Meanwhile, we found that the mRNA level of p53 is closely correlated with the level of nuclear Trx-1. In summary, we concluded that the nuclear Trx-1 is required to resist apoptosis of MCF-7 cells induced by cisplatin, probably through up-regulating the anti-apoptotic gene, p53.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 10/2007; 361(2):362-6. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against insulin are useful for insulin assays because of their specificity and plentiful supply. We have produced four monoclonal cell strains stably secreting the monoclonal antibodies against insulin; further established subpopulation, titer, affinity; and identified the antibodies as being of subclass IgG(2b)(kappa), one strain, or IgG(1)(kappa), three strains. The smallest detectable level of human insulin by ELISA using this IgG(1) was 1.25 microg/L. The monoclonal antibodies have been used for analyzing insulin content from the sera of type 2 diabetes patients and normal subjects.
    Hybridoma (2005) 07/2007; 26(3):178-80. · 0.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Daintain is a 17-kDa polypeptide originally purified from porcine intestine. This polypeptide is associated with insulin secretion and inflammatory responses. Daintain is highly similar in amino acid sequence to allograft inflammatory factor-1 (AIF-1). Here we report the preparation and identification of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against daintain. To enhance its immunogenicity, daintain was coupled to carrier protein bovine serum albumin (BSA) by a two-step glutaraldehyde method. Using conventional procedures, we obtained four stable hybridoma cell lines that can produce and secret anti-daintain MAbs. We further analyzed their isotypes, titer, and affinity, and found that those MAbs belong to the G1 subclass with kappa light chains. The MAbs were capable of recognizing daintain as determined by Western blotting. The produced MAbs will be a useful tool for further investigation of daintain functions in organisms.
    Hybridoma (2005) 05/2006; 25(2):95-7. · 0.33 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

9 Citations
3.41 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007
    • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
      • Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics, MOE
      Wuhan, Hubei, China