Kuen Lee

University of Santiago, Chile, CiudadSantiago, Santiago, Chile

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Publications (6)1.68 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) contained in tobacco smoke acquire carcinogenicity following their activation by xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes to highly reactive metabolites. The cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) enzyme is central to the metabolic activation of these PAHs, and GSTM1 is the main enzyme responsible for its detoxification. CYP1A1 and GSTM1 polymorphisms were evaluated in 124 Chilean healthy controls and 48 oral cancer patients through PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism. In the healthy controls, frequencies of the CYP1A1 variant alleles for m1 (CYP1A1(*)2A) and the GSTM1null genotype were found to be 0.25 and 0.19, respectively. In the oral cancer patients, these frequencies were 0.33 and 0.50, respectively. Thus, the GSTM1 and m1 rare alleles were significantly more frequent in the oral cancer patients compared to the controls. The estimated relative risk for oral cancer associated with the single genotype CYP1A1 or GSTM1 was 2.08 for wt/m1, 1.04 for m1/m1 and 4.16 for the GSTM1null genotype. For smokers, the estimated relative risk (adjusted by age and gender) was higher in the individuals carrying the m1 allele of CYP1A1 [wt/m1: odds ratio (OR)=5.68, P=0.0080; m1/m1: OR=7.77, P=0.0420] or GSTM1null genotype (OR=20.81, P<0.0001). Combined genotypes CYP1A1 and GSTM1 increased the risk significantly (wt/m1/GSTM1null: OR=19.14, P=0.0030; m1/m1/GSTM1null: OR=21.39, P=0.0130). Taken together, these findings suggest that Chilean individuals carrying single or combined GSTM1 and CYP1A1 polymorphisms may be more susceptible to oral cancer induced by environmental tobacco smoking.
    Oncology letters 05/2010; 1(3):549-553. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer (GaC) is the second cause of death by cancer in the world and one of the first causes in Chile. However, the burden of this disease shows remarkable worldwide variation probably explained by environmental and genetic factors. The role of susceptibility low penetrance genes and environmental and dietary factors in the etiology of gastric cancer is not well-known. Aim: To analyze the possible association between CaG susceptibility, genetic (CYP1A1 and GSTM1 polymorphisms) and environmental (tobacco and alcohol) factors. In a case-control study, we included 73 patients with a pathologically diagnosed GaC and 263 controls. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood to detect allele variants for CYP1A1 and GSTM1, using polymerase chain reactions and digestion with restriction enzymes. There was a clear association of smoking and alcohol ingestion with GaC with odds ratios (OR) of 2.54 (95% confidence intervals (CI) of 1.45-4.46 and OR of 3.36 (95% CI 1.76-6.41), respectively. Polymorphic variants of CYP1A1 and GSTM1 had no association with GaC. However, the m2 variant of CYP1A1 significantly modifies the risk induced by tobacco or alcohol (OR 13.65; 95% CI 3.15-59.05 y 8.37; 95% CI 1.86-37.64, respectively). Subjects that carry the m2 allelic variant of CYP1A1 and are exposed to tobacco smoke or alcohol have a significantly higher risk of developing gastric cancer.
    Revista medica de Chile 10/2006; 134(9):1107-15. · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pharmacogenetics is the study of genetically determined variations in the response to drugs and toxic agents, and their implications on disease. Recently, the discipline has acquired great relevancy due to the development of non-invasive molecular techniques that identify genetic variants in human beings. There is also a need to explain the individual differences in susceptibility to drug actions and disease risk. Genetic variants can modify the magnitude of a pharmacologic effect, toxicity threshold, secondary effects and drug interactions. There are approximately thirty families of drug-metabolizing enzymes with genetic variants that cause functional alterations and variations in pharmacologic activity. We summarize the general knowledge about genetic variants of biotransformation enzymes, their relationship with cancer risk and the role of ethnicity. Cancer pharmacogenetics is another promising and exciting research area that will explain why people with an almost identical group of genes, have a different susceptibility to cancer, whose etiology has genetic and environmental components.
    Revista medica de Chile 05/2006; 134(4):499-515. · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Gastric cancer (GaC) is the second cause of death by cancer in the world and one of the first causes in Chile. However, the burden of this disease shows remarkable worldwide variation probably explained by environmental and genetic factors. The role of susceptibility low penetrance genes and environmental and dietary factors in the etiology of gastric cancer is not well-known. Aim: To analyze the possible association between CaG susceptibility, genetic (CYP1A1 and GSTM1 polymorphisms) and environmental (tobacco and alcohol) factors. Patients and Methods: In a case-control study, we included 73 patients with a pathologically diagnosed GaC and 263 controls. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood to detect allele variants for CYP1A1 and GSTM1, using polymerase chain reactions and digestion with restriction enzymes. Results: There was a clear association of smoking and alcohol ingestion with GaC with odds ratios (OR) of 2.54 (95% confidence intervals (CI) of 1.45-4.46 and OR of 3.36 (95% CI 1.76-6.41), respectively. Polymorphic variants of CYP1A1 and GSTM1 had no association with GaC. However, the m2 variant of CYP1A1 significantly modifies the risk induced by tobacco or alcohol (OR 13.65; 95% CI 3.15-59.05 y 8.37; 95% CI 1.86-37.64, respectively). Conclusions: Subjects that carry the m2 allelic variant of CYP1A1 and are exposed to tobacco smoke or alcohol have a significantly higher risk of developing gastric cancer.
    Revista medica de Chile 01/2006; · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pharmacogenetics is the study of genetically determined variations in the response to drugs and toxic agents, and their implications on disease. Recently, the discipline has acquired great relevancy due to the development of non-invasive molecular techniques that identify genetic variants in human beings. There is also a need to explain the individual differences in susceptibility to drug actions and disease risk. Genetic variants can modify the magnitude of a pharmacologic effect, toxicity threshold, secondary effects and drug interactions. There are approximately thirty families of drug-metabolizing enzymes with genetic variants that cause functional alterations and variations in pharmacologic activity. We summarize the general knowledge about genetic variants of biotransformation enzymes, their relationship with cancer risk and the role of ethnicity. Cancer pharmacogenetics is another promising and exciting research area that will explain why people with an almost identical group of genes, have a different susceptibility to cancer, whose etiology has genetic and environmental components. Financiamiento: Proyecto FAI-MED-001-06
    Revista medica de Chile 01/2006; · 0.36 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

23 Citations
1.68 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006
    • University of Santiago, Chile
      CiudadSantiago, Santiago, Chile
    • University of Chile
      • Programa de Farmacología Molecular y Clínica
      Santiago, Region Metropolitana de Santiago, Chile