ABSTRACT: BackgroundStudies have shown that pets are very important sensitizing agents in patients with asthma. Respiratory disorders and allergic
diseases are common in the State of Qatar.
ObjectiveThe aim of the present study was to determine whether exposure to pets and domestic animals plays a significant role in the
development of asthma and allergic rhinitis among Qatari school children aged 6–14years.
DesignA cross-sectional prospective study.
SettingPublic schools for boys and girls in urban and semi-urban areas.
SubjectsA total of 3,500 Qatari school boys and girls aged 6–14years were approached. After exclusion of those who did not give consent
for the study and incomplete questionnaires, 3,283 (98.3%) participants were included in the data analysis.
MethodsA multistage sampling technique was used and different schools from urban and semi-urban areas were selected. A standard questionnaire
was distributed to parents of randomly selected school children aged 6–14years between February 2003 and February 2004.
ResultsThe overall prevalence of asthma was 19.8% and the mean age of the children was 9.0±2.0years. The male and female percentages
were 52.3% and 47.7% respectively. Nine hundred and ninety-six families out of 3,283 (30.3%) owned pets. It was found that
among children with no family history of asthma, the relative risk (RR) of asthma with pets at home was1.19 and the 95% confidence
interval (CI)was 1.0–1.4 (P=0.025). The RR of having allergic rhinitis was1.60 (95% CI=1.4–1.8; P<0.001) and risk of having eczema was also significantly higher in participants with pets at home (RR=1.28; 95% CI=1.1–1.5;
ConclusionIn the present study, the prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and eczema was significantly more common in families with
domestic animals than in those without.
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Clinical Genetics 05/2006; 69(4):360-2. · 3.13 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Barium aspiration is a well-known complication of upper gastro-intestinal studies. Consequences of aspiration are generally insignificant and leave no permanent changes in the lung parenchyma. However, large quantities of high density barium, if aspirated, lead to silent interstitial changes and fibrosis. High-resolution computed tomography HRCT appearances of lung changes have been demonstrated in adults; few such reports are available in the pediatric literature. We report a case of a child who aspirated barium 3 months before this presentation. The HRCT appearances of barium aspiration are presented with a review of the literature.
Saudi medical journal 05/2005; 26(4):665-7. · 0.52 Impact Factor
Saudi medical journal 07/2004; 25(6):810-1. · 0.52 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The evolution of acquired lobar emphysema in a premature infant with chronic pulmonary disease was demonstrated by serial radiological examinations using multiple imaging methods including plain radiography, serial computed tomography and radionuclide studies. Long term clinical and radiological follow up is presented. The value of computed tomography in the evaluation of the patient is emphasized. The literature on the patho-physiological mechanism of the disease is reviewed.
Saudi medical journal 05/2004; 25(4):511-4. · 0.52 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: We report a female premature infant with bronchopulmonary dysplasia and Sandhoff disease. The clue for diagnosis was the fundoscopy examination. We discuss this rare disease with unusual presentation of intrauterine growth retardation, premature delivery, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
Saudi medical journal 06/2002; 23(5):602-5. · 0.52 Impact Factor