[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Dengue viruses infect cells by attaching to a surface receptor which remains unknown. The putative receptor molecules of dengue virus type 2 on the surface of mosquito (AP-61) and mammalian (LLC-MK2) cell lines were investigated. The immunochemical detection and structural analysis of carbohydrates demonstrated that the neutral glycosphingolipids, L-3 (GlcNAcβ1-3Manβ1-4Glcβ1-1'Cer) in AP-61 cells, and nLc(4) Cer (Galβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-3Galβ1-4Glcβ1-1'Cer) in LLC-MK2 cells were recognized by the virus. These findings strongly suggest that neutral glycosphingolipids share the key determinant for virus binding and that the β-GlcNAc residue may play an important role in dengue virus binding to the host cell surface.
Microbiology and Immunology 02/2011; 55(2):135-40. DOI:10.1111/j.1348-0421.2010.00293.x · 1.31 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The interaction between cell surface receptors and the envelope glycoprotein (EGP) on the viral membrane surface is the initial step of Dengue virus infection. To understand the host range, tissue tropism, and virulence of this pathogen, it is critical to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of the interaction of EGP with receptor molecules. Here, using a TLC/virus-binding assay, we isolated and characterized a carbohydrate molecule on mammalian cell surfaces that is recognized by dengue virus type 2 (DEN2). Structural determination by immunochemical methods showed that the carbohydrate structure of the purified glycosphingolipid was neolactotetraosylceramide (nLc4Cer). This glycosphingolipid was expressed on the cell surface of susceptible cells, such as human erythroleukemia K562 and baby hamster kidney BHK-21. All serotypes of DEN viruses, DEN1 to DEN4, reacted with nLc4Cer, and the non-reducing terminal disaccharide residue Galbeta1-4GlcNAcbeta1- was found to be a critical determinant for the binding of DEN2. Chemically synthesized derivatives carrying multiple carbohydrate residues of nLc4, but not nLc4 oligosaccharide, inhibited DEN2 infection of BHK-21 cells. These findings strongly suggested that multivalent nLc4 oligosaccharide could act as a competitive inhibitor against the binding of DEN2 to the host cells.
Journal of Biochemistry 04/2006; 139(3):607-14. DOI:10.1093/jb/mvj067 · 3.07 Impact Factor