[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To examine histological aspects of the ligaments between the middle ear and temporomandibular joint and suppose a theoretical role of their structural characteristics on mobility of mallear ossicle.
The ligaments were obtained by microdissection of middle cranial fossa on both sites of 15 cadavers fixed in formalin solution and were sectioned longitudinally (7-10 mum thickness). The sections were stained with Verhoff's Van Gieson's stain (VVG) for demonstration of elastic fibers and visualized at X2.5 and X10 magnifications under light microscopy.
Anterior mallear ligament (AML) and sphenomandibular ligaments (SML) were consisted of collagen fibres in analyzed specimens. The discomallear ligament (DML) was constituted of rich collagenous fibres. One specimen of DML harvested between petrotympanic fissure and retrodiscal-capsular intersection site contained elastic fibers dispersed in cotton-bowl appearance between collagen fibers. In the light of functional tests performed in previous studies, it could be extrapolated that presence of elastic fibers in the DML may prevent excessive forces conducted to mallear head by elongation of elastic fibers.
Collagenous fibres have no ability to stretch along their axis which may lack compensatory mechanism to prevent mallear head mobility.
European journal of dentistry 10/2009; 3(4):280-4.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effects of perindopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, atenolol, a beta adrenergic receptor blocker, and amlodipine, a calcium channel blocker, were investigated in chronic alcohol administered rats.
Adult male Wistar rats (240-320 g) were used in the present study. Alcohol was given to rats on a modified liquid diet for 21 days. Perindopril (2.5 and 5 mg/kg), atenolol (5 and 10 mg/kg), and amlodipine (5 and 10 mg/kg) were injected into rats in different groups intraperitoneally for 21 days. Control rats were pair fed an isocaloric liquid diet containing sucrose as a caloric substitute for alcohol. Saline was injected into the control rats for 21 days. The hearts were removed after the rats were anesthetized by ether, and 1-mm3 samples from the ascending aortas were fixed. Five fields per aorta were examined and photographed with a transmission electron microscope. Blood alcohol levels were also measured spectrophotometrically.
Daily alcohol consumption of the rats was in the range of 12.09-15.50 g/kg. Blood alcohol concentrations were 145.63 mg/dl on the 21st day of alcohol consumption. Chronic alcohol consumption caused some marked aortic wall injuries. Perindopril, atenolol, and amlodipine at high doses, but not low doses, produced some significant beneficial effects on alcohol-induced aortic wall damage.
These results imply that perindopril, atenolol, and amlodipine may have protective effects on heavy chronic alcohol consumption-induced aortic wall injury in rats only in high doses.
Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 06/2008; 14(5):BR96-102. · 1.36 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the approval levels of infertile Turkish women concerning gamete donation and gestational surrogacy.
Assisted reproductive treatment center at Gulhane Military Medical Academy.
368 women who had applied for infertility treatment.
The patients were asked to answer a questionnaire that included questions about the patient's sociodemographic status, previous medical history with infertility treatment, and opinions on gamete donation and gestational surrogacy.
Opinions of patients concerning gamete donation and gestational surrogacy.
Our data in this first study on infertile Turkish women show that some patients approve of gamete donation (23.3% for accepting oocytes and 3.4% for accepting sperm) and gestational surrogacy (15.1%).
Donation and surrogacy are alternate treatments for the serious condition called infertility. As there are patients who would like to use these treatments, each of these patients should have the right to try any of them.
Fertility and sterility 05/2008; 89(4):817-22. · 3.97 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effects of perindopril, an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, atenolol, a beta adrenergic receptor blocker and amlodipine, a calcium channel blocker were investigated in chronic alcohol administered rats. Adult male Wistar rats (240-320 g) were used in the present study. Alcohol was given to rats by a modified liquid diet for 21 days. Perindopril (2.5 and 5 mgkg(-1)), atenolol (5 and 10 mg kg(-1)) and amlodipine (5 and 10 mg kg(-1)) were injected to rats in different groups intraperitoneally for 21 days. Control rats were pair fed by an isocaloric liquid diet containing sucrose as a caloric substitute for alcohol. Saline was injected to control rats for 21 days. Rats were anesthetized with ether. Their hearts were removed and 1 mm3 samples from left ventricles were fixed. Five fields per heart were examined and photographed with transmission electron microscope. Blood alcohol levels were also measured spectrophotometrically. Daily alcohol consumption of the rats was in a range of 12.09-15.5 g kg(-1). Blood alcohol concentrations were found as 145.63 mg dl(-1) at 21st day of alcohol consumption. Chronic alcohol consumption caused some marked myocardial injuries. Perindopril and atenolol but not amlodipine produced some significant beneficial effects on alcohol-induced myocardial damages. Our results imply that perindopril and atenolol but not amlodipine have protective effects on heavy chronic alcohol consumption-induced myocardial injury in rats.
Pharmacological Research 03/2006; 53(2):142-8. · 4.35 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate synchronous and asynchronous pronucleus (PN) formation and the related patterns of juxtapositional nucleolus (n) formation in immature (prophase I [PI] and metaphase I [MI]) and mature (metaphase II [MII]) oocytes after fertilization, both ultrastructurally and at the level of light microscope. A single dose of 15 IU gonadotrophin was injected subcutaneously to twenty four 26-wk-old, female Wistar rats to induce ovulation. Human chorionic gonadotrophin (4 IU) was administered 40 h later, and after 4-6 h the ovaries were dissected, and the oocytes were aspirated. A total of 214 rat oocytes were classified according to a maturation index as follows: group I, 80 PI oocytes; group II, 50 MI oocytes; and group III, 84 MII oocytes. Immature oocytes were in vitro matured for 18-36 h. Spermatozoa were acquired by microepididymal sperm aspiration and processed using swim-up technique. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection was performed on mature oocytes after 2 h of incubation and on in vitro matured (IVM) oocytes 4 h after maturation. Pronuclear synchronization [both pronucleases (PNs) centrally located, equal sized, with equal numbers and sizes of juxtapositional nucleoli (Nn)] was observed in fertilized oocytes. Asynchronous PN formation (diversity between male and female PNs, related to dimensions, localization, and the number of Nn) in groups I, II, and III was found in 75, 86, and 47% of preembryos, respectively. There was a significant difference of synchronous pronuclear formation between mature and IVM oocytes (P < 0.05). In IVM oocytes, asynchronous PN formation is high, and juxtapositional pronucleolar patterns are observed to be low by transmission electron microscope (TEM).
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Phototherapy is the most widespread treatment for lowering bilirubin concentration in neonates. In the routine, phototherapy has some side effects including skin eruption, fluid loss, abdominal distention, mild hemolysis and mild thrombocytopenia. The aim of the study was to investigate the possible mutagenic and gametocidal side effects of 72 h continuous phototherapy on the rat testicle. We observed decreases in spermatogonia numbers per tubule (S/T values), tubular fertilization index (TFI) and sperm sertoli cell index (SSCI), which are the most reliable methods in estimating future fertility potential, due to sensitivity to phototherapy. The differences between study and control groups for S/T, TFI and SSCI values were statistically significant (p = 0.008, p = 0.02 and p = 0.004, respectively). There were significant differences in seminiferous tubule diameters between the control and study groups (p < 0.005), but no significant difference in DNA index values between the control (0.66 +/- 0.12) and study (0.59 +/- 0.05) groups (p > 0.05). As a conclusion, phototherapy seems to have some side effects on the newborn rat testicle. Further studies with larger groups, designed for investigation of the effects of phototherapy on seminiferous tubules, may give more beneficial results.
Archives of Andrology 52(1):61-70. · 0.89 Impact Factor