Shigeki Kosugi

Akita University Hospital, Akita, Akita, Japan

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Publications (2)3.36 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A 43-year-old Japanese woman underwent unrelated cord blood transplantation (CBT) during remission for acute lymphoblastic leukemia with t(4; 11)(q21;q23). Tacrolimus was given for prophylaxis of graft-versus-host disease. The posttransplantation clinical course was mostly uneventful, and the leukemia remained in remission. Fourteen months after CBT, the patient developed pancytopenia and hepatic dysfunction with persistent high-grade fever. The bone marrow was hypocellular with increased numbers of macrophages and hemophagocytes. The numbers of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) copies in peripheral blood samples were remarkably high. Although the patient showed complete donor-type hematopoiesis, the titer of viral capsid antigen immunoglobulin G was low, and the results of a test for EBV nuclear antigen were negative. There was no clinical response to the reduction of immunosuppressive therapy or to the administration of high-dose methylprednisolone, human immunoglobulin, or acyclovir. The patient died 466 days after CBT of massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage due to bone marrow and hepatic failures. This case demonstrates that fatal EBV-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) can occur more than 1 year after CBT. This report is the first of a case of late-onset EBV-associated HPS following CBT.
    International Journal of Hematology 01/2007; 84(5):445-8. DOI:10.1532/IJH97.06101 · 1.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 60-year-old Japanese man with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and effort angina was referred to our clinic for treatment of MDS. The patient was transfusion-dependent and displayed coronary artery disease (CAD) with 99% obstruction of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Treatment comprised reduced-intensity hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with administration of fludarabine phosphate (180 mg/m(2)) and busulfan (8 mg/kg), followed by allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation from an HLA-matched sister. The regimen was well tolerated, and engraftment occurred rapidly without any therapy-related complications, including cardiovascular attack. Sex chromosome analysis by fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed complete donor chimerism on day 29 for bone marrow cells and on day 59 for peripheral blood leukocytes. The patient became transfusion-independent on posttransplantation day 8. As of 22 months postoperatively, he remains well, with 100% Karnofsky performance status, a limited type of chronic graft-versus-host disease, and no recurrence of disease. The clinical course of the patient suggests that this preparative regimen allows safe allogeneic stem cell transplantation for MDS patients with severe CAD.
    International Journal of Hematology 03/2006; 83(2):156-8. DOI:10.1532/IJH97.05057 · 1.68 Impact Factor