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ABSTRACT: To correlate apoptosis of cultured human granulosa-lutein cells (GL cells) with the outcome of IVF (embryo fragmentation and pregnancy rate) and to study the effect of insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) on apoptosis.
In vitro assays.
University laboratory and private IVF center.
Eighty-one women undergoing IVF.
Purified human GL cells from pooled follicles were cultured for 48 hours in serum-free media with or without insulin and IGF-I. Cumulus cells and mural GL cells were evaluated separately.
Detection of apoptosis by using caspACE FITC-VAD-FMK, a fluorescent in situ marker for activated caspases; embryo fragmentation; and pregnancy.
Age younger than 38 years and successful pregnancy were associated with less apoptosis (33.0% +/- 17.2% vs. 43.2% +/- 18.0% and 30.2% +/- 14.0% vs. 40.4% +/- 19.5%, respectively). There was a linear correlation between embryo fragmentation and GL cell apoptosis. Insulin-like growth factor I decreased apoptosis in a dose-dependent fashion. A statistically significant effect (17% decrease) was reached at a dose of 10 nM. Insulin (10 nM) caused a small (8%) decrease in apoptosis, but this effect did not reach statistical significance. Cumulus cells consistently had <3% apoptosis.
 Apoptosis of cultured GL cells may be associated with IVF outcome and ovarian reserve and  IGF-I decreases apoptosis of cultured GL cells.
Fertility and sterility 02/2006; 85(2):474-80. · 3.97 Impact Factor