Tong Ji

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (43)73.37 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Previously, we conducted a randomized phase III trial of TPF (docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil) induction chemotherapy in surgically managed locally advanced oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and found no improvement in overall survival. This study reports long-term follow-up results from our initial trial. All patients had clinical stage III or IVA locally advanced OSCC. In the experimental group, patients received two cycles of TPF induction chemotherapy (75mg/m2 docetaxel d1, 75mg/m2 cisplatin d1, and 750mg/m2/day 5-fluorouracil d1-5) followed by radical surgery and post-operative radiotherapy; in the control group, patients received upfront radical surgery and post-operative radiotherapy. The primary endpoint was overall survival. Among 256 enrolled patients with a median follow-up of 70 months, estimated 5-year overall survival, disease-free survival, locoregional recurrence-free survival, and distant metastasis-free survival rates were 61.1%, 52.7%, 55.2%, and 60.4%, respectively. There were no significant differences in survival rates between experimental and control groups. However, patients with favorable pathologic responses had improved outcomes compared to those with unfavorable pathologic responses and to those in the control group. Although TPF induction chemotherapy did not improve long-term survival compared to surgery upfront in patients with stage III and IVA OSCC, a favorable pathologic response after induction chemotherapy may be used as a major endpoint and prognosticator in future studies. Furthermore, the negative results observed in this trial may be represent type II error from an underpowered study. Future larger scale phase III trials are warranted to investigate whether a significant benefit exists for TPF induction chemotherapy in surgically managed OSCC.
    Oncotarget 05/2015; · 6.63 Impact Factor
  • 02/2015; 76(S 01). DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1546509
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives. To summarize the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment strategies, and prognosis of alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) of the oral and maxillofacial region. Study design. We performed a retrospective study in a consecutive series of 18 patients with ASPS of the oral and maxillofacial region between 1995 and 2013. Demographic characteristics, tumor sizes, sites, tumor metastasis, diagnosis, treatments, and overall follow-ups were documented. Results. The 18 patients were diagnosed pathologically with primary tumor developed on the tongue (10), the cheek (5), the pharynx (1), and the gingiva (2) with an average tumor size of 4 cm. At the latest follow-up, 1 patient with lung metastases survived for 23 months; 1 died 3 months after the confirmation of local recurrence and multiple pulmonary metastases; the rest of the patients were disease free and remained in good health. Conclusions. ASPS of the oral and maxillofacial region appears to have special clinical characteristics.
    Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology 12/2014; 119(4). DOI:10.1016/j.oooo.2014.12.013 · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background In our previous study, parathyroid hormone-like hormone (PTHLH) which encodes parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) was revealed to be up-regulated in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) compared with paired apparently normal surgical margins using microarray method. However, the function and prognostic indicators of PTHLH/PTHrP in OSCC remain obscure.Methods The mRNA levels of PTHLH and its protein levels were investigated in 9 OSCC cell lines and in 36 paired OSCC specimens by real-time PCR and western blotting. The biological function of PTHLH/PTHrP was investigated using small interfering RNA (siRNA) in 3 OSCC cell lines, and immunohistochemistry was used to estimate the prognostic value of PTHrP in 101 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), including OSCC and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Cell cycle was tested by flow cytometry and cell cycle related genes were investigated by western blotting and immunocytochemistry assay.ResultsThis study showed that the mRNA and protein levels of PTHLH in 9 OSCC cell lines were much higher than that in normal epithelial cells (P < 0.0001). In 36 paired OSCC tissues, PTHLH mRNA expressions were found higher in 32 OSCC tissues than that of paired apparently normal surgical margins (P = 0.0001). The results revealed that the down-regulation of PTHLH/PTHrP by siRNAs could reduce cell proliferation and inhibit plate and soft agar colony formation as well as affect the cell cycle of OSCC cells. The key proteins related to the cell cycle were changed by anti-PTHLH siRNA. The results showed that cyclin D1 and CDK4 expressions were significantly reduced in the cells transfected with anti-PTHLH siRNA. On the other hand, the expression of p21 was increased. The results also showed that high PTHrP level was associated with poor pathologic differentiation (P = 0.0001) and poor prognosis (P = 0.0003) in patients with HNSCC.Conclusions This study suggests that PTHLH/PTHrP is up-regulated in OSCCs. Therefore, PTHLH/PTHrP could play a role in the pathogenesis of OSCC by affecting cell proliferation and cell cycle, and the protein levels of PTHrP might serve as a prognostic indicator for evaluating patients with HNSCCs.
    Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research 12/2014; 33(1):2. DOI:10.1186/PREACCEPT-2743785881343019 · 3.27 Impact Factor
  • H S Ong, X D Fan, T Ji
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    ABSTRACT: The surgical resection of a large unfavourable Shamblin type III carotid body tumour (CBT) can be very challenging technically, with many potential significant complications. Preoperative embolization aids in shrinking the lesion, reducing intraoperative blood loss, and improving visualization of the surgical field. Preoperative internal carotid artery (ICA) stenting aids in reinforcing the arterial wall, thereby providing a better dissection plane. A woman presented to our institution with a large right-sided CBT. Failure of the preoperative temporary balloon occlusion (TBO) test emphasized the importance of intraoperative preservation of the ipsilateral ICA. A combination of both preoperative embolization and carotid stenting allowed a less hazardous radical resection of the CBT. An almost bloodless surgical field permitted meticulous dissection, hence reducing the risk of intraoperative vascular and nerve injury. Embolization and carotid stenting prior to surgical resection should be considered in cases with bilateral CBT or a skull base orientated high CBT, and for those with intracranial extension and patients who have failed the TBO test.
    International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 08/2014; 43(12). DOI:10.1016/j.ijom.2014.07.015 · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours (MPNST) are rare soft tissue sarcomas. The aim of this study was to assess clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors in order to improve the treatment of such tumours in the head and neck region. We performed a retrospective analysis of head and neck MPNST patients in our hospital between 1996 and 2012. Clinical features and pathological findings of these cases (n = 43) were summarized. In addition, prognostic variables were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses. The median age of the patients at presentation was 41 years. Surgery was the main treatment approach. Pertinent information regarding the presence of neurofibromatosis type 1 was found in 13 patients (30.2%). Two-thirds of these patients were admitted for a primary tumour (n = 27, 62.8%), while one-third (n = 16, 37.2%) were treated for recurrent neoplasms. The overall survival rate was 46.5%. Multivariable analysis identified tumour size, surgical margins, and postoperative radiotherapy to be independent prognostic factors. MPNST of the head and neck is extremely difficult to manage. Surgery with postoperative radiation may be the optimum choice of treatment for primary head and neck MPNST.
    International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 08/2014; 43(8). DOI:10.1016/j.ijom.2014.03.006 · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tendon sheath giant cell tumor is an idiopathic proliferative and destructive disease of the synovium. It is rare and tends to arise in large joints, for example, knee and ankle, but it can also arise in temporomandibular joints (TMJs). Because of its destructive nature, immediate treatment upon diagnosis is recommended. Radical resection proved to be an excellent choice for superior local control. However, the unfavorable anatomic location of TMJ and infratemporal fossa tumor with intradural extension make such a resection impractical. Hereby, we reported a case of resection of a TMJ tendon sheath giant cell tumor with intradural extension using a transcranial approach. This involves a complex radical resection with subsequent reconstruction. Transposition of temporal bone flap is a novel state-of-the-art technique in reconstructing the middle fossa floor defect by providing a three-dimensional rigid architecture to support the brain. Temporal bone flap is a reliable plug for rigid support in preventing brain hernia and cerebrospinal fluid leak. Despite its complexity, this cost-effective technique is relatively straightforward to learn and is applicable across all socioeconomic groups.
    Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 07/2014; 25(5). DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000000888 · 0.68 Impact Factor
  • Tong Ji
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    ABSTRACT: The pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap (PLDMF) is not the first-line reconstructive option for most clinicians; however, when treating salvage patients or those with depleted neck vessels, the PLDMF provides a valuable armamentarium. Unlike the pectoralis major myocutaneous flap or the lower island trapezius flap, the PLDMF has greater versatility in soft tissue design and a longer arc of rotation. These advantages are of great importance in managing advanced reconstructive cases.
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America 06/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.coms.2014.05.011 · 0.48 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 06/2014; 43(6). DOI:10.1016/j.ijom.2014.02.017 · 1.36 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery 04/2014; 31(01). DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1372485 · 1.01 Impact Factor
  • T Ji, H S Ong
    International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 07/2013; 42(11). DOI:10.1016/j.ijom.2013.06.013 · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is an uncommon dermal soft tissue tumour of intermediate malignancy. A 44-year-old man presented to the hospital with a large lesion on the right upper chest and neck. Despite eight previous surgical excisions, the tumour had continued to recur. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed recurrence of the tumour, associated with superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome. He declined radical surgical resection of the recurrent tumour, which may have required right upper limb amputation. Targeted therapy with sunitinib malate was therefore introduced. This case demonstrates the recurrent nature of DFSP and the association of this lesion on the upper chest/neck with SVC syndrome. Primary wide radical resection is essential for better local control and to avoid the development of SVC syndrome.
    International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 03/2013; 42(6). DOI:10.1016/j.ijom.2013.02.014 · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSETo evaluate induction chemotherapy with docetaxel, cisplatin, and fluorouracil (TPF) followed by surgery and postoperative radiotherapy versus up-front surgery and postoperative radiotherapy in patients with locally advanced resectable oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). PATIENTS AND METHODSA prospective open-label phase III trial was conducted. Eligibility criteria included untreated stage III or IVA locally advanced resectable OSCC. Patients received two cycles of TPF induction chemotherapy (docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) on day 1, cisplatin 75 mg/m(2) on day 1, and fluorouracil 750 mg/m(2) on days 1 to 5) followed by radical surgery and postoperative radiotherapy (54 to 66 Gy) versus up-front radical surgery and postoperative radiotherapy. The primary end point was overall survival (OS). Secondary end points included local control and safety.ResultsOf the 256 patients enrolled onto this trial, 222 completed the full treatment protocol. There were no unexpected toxicities, and induction chemotherapy did not increase perioperative morbidity. The clinical response rate to induction chemotherapy was 80.6%. After a median follow-up of 30 months, there was no significant difference in OS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.977; 95% CI, 0.634 to 1.507; P = .918) or disease-free survival (HR, 0.974; 95% CI, 0.654 to 1.45; P = .897) between patients treated with and without TPF induction. Patients in the induction chemotherapy arm with a clinical response or favorable pathologic response (≤ 10% viable tumor cells) had superior OS and locoregional and distant control. CONCLUSION Our study failed to demonstrate that TPF induction chemotherapy improves survival compared with up-front surgery in patients with resectable stage III or IVA OSCC.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2012; 31(6). DOI:10.1200/JCO.2012.43.8820 · 17.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine our patients who underwent accurate mandibular reconstruction with vascularized iliac crest flap using computer simulation and stereomodel and assess the postoperative results. Fourteen patients were reviewed in this study. Bilateral iliac crests were automatically superimposed on the mandibular defects to select the optimal matching donor region in computer simulation. Operation was performed using stereomodels to replicate the preoperative planning. Actual reconstruction result was compared with computer simulation. The patients were asked to assess their satisfaction with facial appearance at 1 year after surgery. Bony unions and good occlusion were observed, and actual results were basically in accordance with computer simulation in 14 patients. Fourteen patients reported their facial appearance to be excellent or good at 1 year after surgery. Accurate mandibular reconstruction with vascularized iliac crest flap using computer simulation and stereomodel may achieve the ideal contour of neomandible and good function after dental rehabilitation.
    08/2012; 114(2):175-82. DOI:10.1016/j.tripleo.2011.06.030
  • Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 03/2012; 129(3):565e-566e. DOI:10.1097/PRS.0b013e3182419b42 · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Owing to rarity and awareness deficiency towards inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT), we sought to review on its clinicopathological features; arising awareness to achieve early diagnosis; exploring prognostic factors and then establishing a treatment protocol. Retrospective study was performed on patients with histological proven IMT between January 2003 and December 2010. Their demographic data, clinical and histological presentations were recorded. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free-survival (PFS) were estimated via Kaplan-Meier method. Cox regression model was applied to determine the significant of prognostic factors. Logistic regression model was established to predict the probability of relapse. A total of 28 patients. Five-year PFS was 65%. Surgical margins primarily and independently determined the survival, followed by size, pseudocapsule of the lesion, intra-lesional necrosis and lastly Ki-67 and ALK overexpression. Logistic model in prediction of relapse was established, with the formula as probability of relapse = 1/(1 + e(-z)) where e = exponential function, z = constant value (3.9) + B*margin + B*size + B*immunohistochemical expression + B*pseudocapsule + B*intra-lesional necrosis. Immunohistochemical overexpression was significant if Ki-67 was strongly expressed with a conditioned ALK overexpression simultaneously. Staining intensity must be at least moderate for those ALK nuclear staining was less than 25%. Weak ALK staining intensity is only significant if nuclear staining was more than 25%. Diagnosis of IMT is achieved via exclusion. Radical resection and obtaining negative margins remains the mainstay of treatment. Both high and moderate-risk groups required post-operative radiotherapy. In low-risk group, post-operative radiotherapy was recommended if the lesion is larger than 5 cm in diameter with a conditioned ALK & Ki-67 overexpression.
    Oral Oncology 02/2012; 48(2):141-8. DOI:10.1016/j.oraloncology.2011.09.004 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to gain some knowledge on the possible relation between surgical site infection (SSI) and geriatric patients who undergo surgical treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma and to identify the risk factors in this specific population. A retrospective study from 2004 through 2010 at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine was conducted. The primary outcome variable was the presence of SSIs. Twenty-seven variables of the patients concerning general characteristics, comorbidities, disease information, and treatment options were investigated. A multivariate analysis using logistic regression was implemented to find SSI risk factors. The data of 376 patients (183 men, 48.7%; 193 women, 51.3%) older than 65 years with the diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma were included in the present analysis. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, 6 parameters were identified for a significant and independent association with the development of SSI: body mass index (P = .0086); diabetes (P < .0001); American Society of Anesthesiologists score (P = .0127); Adult Comorbidity Evaluation-27 score (P = .0392); operation time (P = .0003); and reconstruction with pectoralis major myocutaneous flaps or free flaps (P < .0001). Special attention to SSIs should be given to elderly patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma. The authors advocate a preoperative evaluation of comorbidities and the selection of high-risk elderly patients for a more effective prevention of SSIs.
    Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery: official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons 01/2012; 70(10). DOI:10.1016/j.joms.2011.10.019 · 1.28 Impact Factor
  • C.Y. Ma, T Ji, Y.Q. Wu, A Ow
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    ABSTRACT: Jugulotympanic paragangliomas (JTPs) are rarely encountered benign diseases derived embryonically from the autonomic nervous system. Although JTPs may originate extracranially or intracranially, little has been reported in the literature about large JTPs involving several anatomical structures in the craniofacial regions. Management of large JTPs is controversial. The authors describe a large JTP invading the cranial bones and extending through the neck to the left clavicle. Doppler sonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging were performed preoperatively to confirm the diagnosis. Combined therapeutic approaches were undertaken with preoperative selective embolization followed by craniofacial resection in cooperation with neurosurgeons.
    International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 11/2011; 41(2):221-4. DOI:10.1016/j.ijom.2011.10.020 · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclin D1 (CCND1) has been associated with chemotherapy resistance and poor prognosis. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that CCND1 expression determines response and clinical outcomes in locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery and radiotherapy. 224 patients with HNSCC were treated with either cisplatin-based chemotherapy followed by surgery and radiotherapy (neoadjuvant group, n = 100) or surgery and radiotherapy (non-neoadjuvant group, n = 124). CCND1 expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry. CCND1 levels were analyzed with chemotherapy response, disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). There was no significant difference between the neoadjuvant group and non-neoadjuvant group in DFS and OS (p = 0.929 and p = 0.760) when patients treated with the indiscriminate administration of cisplatin-based chemotherapy. However, in the neoadjuvant group, patients whose tumors showed a low CCND1 expression more likely respond to chemotherapy (p<0.001) and had a significantly better OS and DFS than those whose tumors showed a high CCND1 expression (73% vs 8%, p<0.001; 63% vs 6%, p<0.001). Importantly, patients with a low CCND1 expression in neoadjuvant group received more survival benefits than those in non-neoadjuvant group (p = 0.016), however patients with a high CCND1 expression and treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy had a significantly poor OS compared to those treated with surgery and radiotherapy (p = 0.032). A multivariate survival analysis also showed CCND1 expression was an independent predictive factor (p<0.001). This study suggests that some but not all patients with HNSCC may benefit from neoadjuvant chemotherapy with cisplatin-based regimen and CCND1 expression may serve as a predictive biomarker in selecting patients undergo less than two cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
    PLoS ONE 10/2011; 6(10):e26399. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0026399 · 3.53 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

150 Citations
73.37 Total Impact Points


  • 2008–2014
    • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
      • Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2013
    • Shanghai Putuo District People's Hospital
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2006
    • Shanghai University
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2003–2004
    • Second Military Medical University, Shanghai
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China