ABSTRACT: To determine the effect of 3 differing transfusion techniques on survival of autologous canine RBCs.
Prospective, blinded study.
University Teaching Hospital.
Nine healthy dogs.
Three distinct preparations of RBCs, each representing ~1% of red cell mass, were generated for each dog by biotinylation of RBCs at varying biotin densities. Labeled cells were transfused using 3 techniques (gravity, volumetric pump, syringe pump). Serial determinations of red cell survival were carried out by flow-cytometric analysis of RBCs collected at 7-day intervals for 49 days. In vitro analysis of the effect of transfusion methods on RBC integrity and osmotic fragility were carried out in 7/9 dogs.
RBCs administered via volumetric and syringe pumps exhibited a marked decrease in short-term probability of survival compared with RBCs delivered by gravity flow. At 24 hours, only 4/8 and 1/7 dogs had surviving cell populations delivered by volumetric and syringe pump, respectively, compared with 8/8 dogs which had surviving cell populations delivered by gravity flow. Circulating half-life of cells surviving at 24 hours after delivery by volumetric pump was not significantly different to that delivered by gravity flow. No significant effect on in vitro RBC integrity or osmotic fragility was detected in relation to transfusion technique.
Delivery of autologous canine RBCs via mechanical delivery systems was associated with a high risk for early loss of transfused cells.
Journal of veterinary emergency and critical care (San Antonio, Tex. : 2001). 06/2011; 21(3):209-16.
ABSTRACT: An 11-year-old cat presented for evaluation of intermittent vomiting, constipation and hyporexia of 3 weeks duration. Ultrasonographic and endoscopic examination revealed a soft tissue mass adjacent to the lower gastro-esophageal sphincter. Surgical excision of the mass was successfully performed resulting in a resolution of clinical signs. Histologically the mass was consistent with a smooth muscle hamartoma. At follow-up 7 months after surgery, the cat remained free from clinical signs.
Journal of feline medicine and surgery. 12/2009; 12(4):334-7.
ABSTRACT: To describe augmentation of primary Achilles tendon repair using suture with a semitendinosus muscle flap and report outcome in 5 dogs.
Prospective clinical study.
Dogs (n=5) with Achilles tendon rupture (n=6).
After tendon repair with #2 polypropylene in a 3-loop pulley suture pattern, the lateral one-half of the semitendinosus muscle was transected from the ischium, rotated distally then sutured with #2 polypropylene to the calcaneus in a 3-loop pulley pattern. The epitenon was sutured to the muscle flap fascia with interrupted sutures. All dogs had a bivalved cast for 2 weeks then a cranial splint for 2-6 weeks. Lameness scores (0=stands and walks normally to 4=non-weight-bearing lameness, plantigrade stance on affected pelvic limb) were determined every 2-3 weeks postoperatively for 12 weeks. Outcome was determined from telephone questionnaire of owners.
Four had lameness scores of 0, the 5th had a score of 1 at 12 weeks. Three owners were very satisfied with outcome. Minor complications included cast sores (2 dogs), infection (2), and acute swelling (1); 1 major complication occurred (infection resulting in reoperation).
Semitendinosus flap augmentation resulted in early return to function without prolonged postoperative immobilization. Three dogs returned to full work/activity after repair.
Augmentation of primary Achilles tendon repair with a semitendinosus flap can be considered in dogs with chronic rupture but further investigation of the long-term outcome using this technique is needed.
Veterinary Surgery 09/2009; 38(6):770-9. · 1.26 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The effect of N-acetylcysteine administration intravenously before hemilaminectomy surgery on neurologic outcome and 15F 2t isoprostane excretion in dogs was examined in a blinded, placebo-controlled trial.
To determine the effect of N-acetylcysteine administration on urinary 15F 2t isoprostane excretion and neurologic outcome following hemilaminectomy for intervertebral disc disease.
Oxidative stress is a mediator of secondary injury to the spinal cord following trauma. Acute intervertebral disc disease is associated with increased oxidative damage in dogs. N-acetylcysteine has preserved neurologic function following experimental spinal cord injury.
Seventy dogs with naturally occurring acute intervertebral disc disease were administered either with saline placebo or N-acetylcysteine intravenously before hemilaminectomy surgery. Serial neurologic examinations were performed before and 1, 2, 7, 14, and 42 days following treatment. Urinary excretion of 15F 2t isoprostane excretion was determined before treatment and 1 hour after surgery.
Analysis of subjective data did not reveal any significant effect of N-acetylcysteine on neurologic outcome or rate of improvement of neurologic score in the 42 days following treatment. Urinary 15F 2t isoprostane excretion was not significantly different between treatment groups (P > 0.05).
N-acetylcysteine intravenously before hemilaminectomy has no effect on urinary 15F 2t isoprostane excretion or neurologic outcome. Treatment of dogs with the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine before hemilaminectomy, while not detrimental, does not affect neurologic outcome in the 42 days following surgery.
Spine 06/2008; 33(13):1397-402. · 2.08 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To measure 15F(2t) isoprostane concentrations in the urine of dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy (OHE) and dogs undergoing surgery because of intervertebral disk disease (IVDD) and to assess relationships between urinary concentrations of 15F(2t) isoprostanes and neurologic score in dogs with IVDD.
11 dogs undergoing OHE and 32 dogs with IVDD undergoing hemilaminectomy.
Paired urine samples were obtained at induction of anesthesia and approximately 1 hour after OHE (controls) and were collected from dogs with IVDD at induction of anesthesia (28 samples) and approximately 1 hour after hemilaminectomy (31 samples); 26 paired urine samples were obtained from dogs with IVDD. Urinary isoprostane concentrations were measured by use of a commercial ELISA, and results were adjusted on the basis of urinary creatinine concentrations. Differences in the mean isoprostane-to-creatinine ratio were analyzed. Neurologic score was determined in dogs with IVDD by use of the modified Frankel scoring system.
Urinary isoprostane-to-creatinine ratios were significantly higher in dogs with IVDD than in control dogs before and after surgery. There was no significant difference between values before and after surgery for either group. There was a significant correlation of neurologic score and urinary isoprostane-to-creatinine ratio because dogs that had higher neurologic scores (ie, less severely affected) generally had higher isoprostane-to-creatinine ratios.
Urinary isoprostane-to-creatinine ratios were higher in dogs with IVDD before and after surgery. Analysis of these data suggests that dogs with IVDD are in a state of oxidative stress and that preemptive treatment with antioxidants warrants further investigation.
American Journal of Veterinary Research 08/2006; 67(7):1226-31. · 1.27 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To measure 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 (11-dTXB2) in urine of healthy control dogs, dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy, and dogs with gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) and assess the relationship between urinary 11-dTXB2 concentrations in dogs with GDV and postoperative outcomes.
Urine samples from 15 nonsurgical control dogs, 12 surgical control dogs, and 32 dogs with GVD.
Urine samples were obtained from healthy pet dogs (ie, nonsurgical control dogs), dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy at anesthetic induction and 1 hour following surgery (ie, surgical control dogs), and dogs with GDV at hospital admission and 1 hour following surgical derotation of the stomach (ie, GDV dogs). Urinary 11-dTXB2 concentrations were determined with an ELISA and normalized to urinary creatinine (Cr) concentrations by calculation of the 11-dTXB2 -to-Cr ratio. Differences in median 11-dTXB2 -to-Cr ratios among dogs and before and after surgery were analyzed.
Urinary 11-dTXB2-to-Cr ratios did not differ between nonsurgical control dogs and surgical control dogs before or after surgery. Urinary 11-dTXB2-to-Cr ratios were significantly higher in GDV dogs at the time of hospital admission and 1 hour after surgery, compared with those of nonsurgical control dogs. Postoperative urine samples from GDV dogs had significantly higher 11-dTXB2-to-Cr ratios than postoperative urine samples from surgical control dogs. Median urinary 11-dTXB2-to-Cr ratios increased significantly in GDV dogs that developed postoperative complications.
Urinary 11-dTXB2 concentration is increased in GDV dogs at the time of hospital admission and after surgical derotation of the stomach, compared with that of healthy dogs. An increased urinary 11-dTXB2-to-Cr ratio following surgery is associated with an increased incidence of postoperative complications in dogs with GDV.
American Journal of Veterinary Research 02/2006; 67(1):78-83. · 1.27 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: We have developed a reproducible renovascular model of hypertension via a controllable, suprarenal aortic coarctation in the pig. This model has many potential applications, including investigation of the effects of acute hypertension in the conscious animal; identification of cardiac and vascular adaptations to chronic hypertension and their reversal; determining the effect of pharmacologic agents or other interventions on hypertension; and furthering our understanding of the implications of chronic hypertension on neurologic function. A totally implantable system was devised by attaching a reinforced silicone vascular occluder to a vascular access port. The occluder was placed around the suprarenal aorta proximal to the diaphragm. Ten pigs were made hypertensive by sequentially inflating the occluder. In six pigs, telemetric monitoring of blood pressure was used to determine when the pigs had reached target pressures (mean arterial blood pressure >150 mm Hg). Four pigs did not have telemetry units placed and blood pressure and heart rate were monitored for 4 weeks by periodically restraining the pigs in a sling. Two pigs reversed their occlusion due to presumed technical errors; the remaining pigs were studied for 4 (n = 5) or 8 (n = 3) weeks and then euthanized. Advantages of this model of aortic coarctation are that the occlusions are performed in awake animals and excessive occlusion of the aorta resulting in neurologic dysfunction or other distress to the animal can be easily corrected by simply withdrawing a small amount of the fluid used for inflation of the occluder. Additionally, removal of the constriction does not require a second surgical procedure.
Journal of Investigative Surgery 16(1):35-44. · 1.09 Impact Factor