H Braun

Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, Hesse, Germany

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Publications (10)46.59 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In erythroblasts, the CoREST repressor complex is recruited to target promoters by the transcription factor Gfi1b, leading to repression of genes mainly involved in erythroid differentiation. Hmg20b is a subunit of CoREST, but its role in erythropoiesis has not yet been established. To study the role of Hmg20b in erythropoiesis, we performed knockdown experiments in a differentiation-competent mouse fetal liver cell line, and in primary mouse fetal liver cells. The effects on globin gene expression were determined. We used microarrays to investigate global gene expression changes induced by Hmg20b knockdown. Functional analysis was carried out on Hrasls3, an Hmg20b target gene. We show that Hmg20b depletion induces spontaneous differentiation. To identify the target genes of Hmg20b, microarray analysis was performed on Hmg20b knockdown cells and controls. In line with its association to the CoREST complex, we found that 85% (527 out of 620) of the deregulated genes are up-regulated when Hmg20b levels are reduced. Among the few down-regulated genes was Gfi1b, a known repressor of erythroid differentiation. Among the consistently up-regulated targets were embryonic β-like globins and the phospholipase HRAS-like suppressor 3 (Hrasls3). We show that Hrasls3 expression is induced during erythroid differentiation and that knockdown of Hrasls3 inhibits terminal differentiation of proerythroblasts. We conclude that Hmg20b acts as an inhibitor of erythroid differentiation, through the down-regulation of genes involved in differentiation such as Hrasls3, and activation of repressors of differentiation such as Gfi1b. In addition, Hmg20b suppresses embryonic β-like globins.
    Haematologica 05/2011; 96(9):1252-60. · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Efficient tagging methodologies are an integral aspect of protein complex characterization by proteomic approaches. Owing to the very high affinity of biotin for avidin and streptavidin, biotinylation tagging offers an attractive approach for the efficient purification of protein complexes. The very high affinity of the biotin/(strept)avidin system also offers the potential for the single-step capture of lower abundance protein complexes, such as transcription factor complexes. The identification of short peptide tags that are efficiently biotinylated by the bacterial BirA biotin ligase led to an approach for the single-step purification of transcription factor complexes by specific in vivo biotinylation tagging. A short sequence tag fused N-terminally to the transcription factor of interest is very efficiently biotinylated by BirA coexpressed in the same cells, as was demonstrated by the tagging of the essential hematopoietic transcription factor GATA-1. The direct binding to streptavidin of biotinylated GATA-1 in nuclear extracts resulted in the single-step capture of the tagged factor and associated proteins, which were eluted and identified by mass spectrometry. This led to the characterization of several distinct GATA-1 complexes with other transcription factors and chromatin remodeling cofactors, which are involved in activation and repression of gene targets. Thus, BirA-mediated tagging is an efficient approach for the direct capture and characterization of transcription factor complexes.
    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 02/2006; 338:305-23. · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sp3 is a ubiquitous transcription factor closely related to Sp1. Here we show that Sp3 is a target for SUMO modification in vivo and in vitro. SUMO modification of Sp3 occurs at a single lysine located between the second glutamine-rich activation domain and the DNA-binding domain. Mutational analyses identified the sequence IKXE as essential for SUMO conjugation to Sp3. We identified the protein inhibitor of activated STAT1 (PIAS1) as an interaction partner of Sp3 and Ubc9. Moreover, PIAS1 strongly stimulated SUMO conjugation to Sp3, thus acting as an E3 ligase for SUMO conjugation to Sp3. All mutations that prevented SUMO modification in vitro strongly enhanced the transcriptional activity of Sp3, showing that SUMO modification silences Sp3 activity. SUMO-modified Sp3 bound to DNA with similar specificity and affinity as unmodified Sp3. However, DNA-bound Sp3 did not act as a substrate for SUMO modification.
    The EMBO Journal 11/2002; 21(19):5206-15. · 9.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sp3 is a ubiquitous transcription factor closely related to Sp1. Previous analyses showed that, unlike Sp1, Sp3 fails to activate transcription in certain promoter settings. This is due to the presence of an inhibitory domain located between the second glutamine-rich activation domain and the DNA-binding domain. To further analyze the transcriptional properties of Sp3, we have expressed and purified recombinant Sp3 and Sp1 as epitope-tagged proteins from stable transfected insect cells. We found that Sp3 does act as a strong activator similar to Sp1 in an in vitro transcription assay using Sp1/Sp3-depleted HeLa nuclear extract. However, on the same promoter Sp3 is almost inactive when transfected into cells. Mutational studies demonstrate that a single lysine residue is responsible for the low transcriptional activity of Sp3 in vivo. We show that Sp3, but not a mutant of Sp3 that lacks this lysine residue, is highly acetylated in vivo. Our results strongly suggest that the transcriptional activity of Sp3 is regulated by acetylation. The consequences of acetylation for the activity of Sp3 are discussed.
    Nucleic Acids Research 01/2002; 29(24):4994-5000. · 8.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sp4 is a zinc finger transcription factor which is closely related to Sp1 and Sp3. All three proteins recognize the same DNA elements and can act as transcriptional activators through glutamine-rich activation domains. Unlike Sp1 and Sp3, which are ubiquitous proteins, Sp4 is highly abundant in the central nervous system, but also detectable in many other tissues. We have disrupted the mouse Sp4 gene by a targeted deletion of the exons encoding the N-terminal activation domains. Sp4 knockout mice show a complete absence of Sp4 expression. They develop until birth without obvious abnormalities. After birth, two-thirds die within 4 weeks. Surviving mice are growth retarded. Male Sp4null mice do not breed. The cause for the breeding defect remains obscure since they show complete spermatogenesis. In addition, pheromone receptor genes in the vomeronasal organ appear unaffected. Female Sp4null mice have a smaller thymus, spleen and uterus. In addition, they exhibit a pronounced delay in sexual maturation. The phenotype of the Sp4null mice differs significantly from those described for Sp1-/- and Sp3-/- mice. Thus, the structural similarities, the common recognition motif and the overlapping expression pattern of these three transcription factors do not reflect similar physiological functions.
    Genes to Cells 09/2001; 6(8):689-97. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Sp4 is a zinc finger transcription factor which is closely related to Sp1 and Sp3. All three proteins recognize the same DNA elements and can act as transcriptional activators through glutamine-rich activation domains. Unlike Sp1 and Sp3, which are ubiquitous proteins, Sp4 is highly abundant in the central nervous system, but also detectable in many other tissues.Results We have disrupted the mouse Sp4 gene by a targeted deletion of the exons encoding the N-terminal activation domains. Sp4 knockout mice show a complete absence of Sp4 expression. They develop until birth without obvious abnormalities. After birth, two-thirds die within 4 weeks. Surviving mice are growth retarded. Male Sp4null mice do not breed. The cause for the breeding defect remains obscure since they show complete spermatogenesis. In addition, pheromone receptor genes in the vomeronasal organ appear unaffected. Female Sp4null mice have a smaller thymus, spleen and uterus. In addition, they exhibit a pronounced delay in sexual maturation.Conclusions The phenotype of the Sp4null mice differs significantly from those described for Sp1–/– and Sp3–/– mice. Thus, the structural similarities, the common recognition motif and the overlapping expression pattern of these three transcription factors do not reflect similar physiological functions.
    Genes to Cells 07/2001; 6(8):689 - 697. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clara cell secretory protein/uteroglobin (CCSP/UG) is specifically expressed in the conducting airway epithelium of the lung in a differentiation-dependent manner. The proximal promoter region of the rodent CCSP/UG gene directs Clara cell specificity. Previously, it was shown that the forkhead transcription factors HNF-3α and β and the homeodomain factor TTF-1 are important transcription factors acting through this region, suggesting that they contribute to cell specificity of the CCSP/UG gene. Members of the C/EBP family of transcription factors can also interact with elements of the proximal rat and mouse CCSP/UG promoters. The onset of C/EBPα expression in Clara cells correlates with the strong increase of CCSP/UG expression. Thus, C/EBPalpha; may play a crucial role for differentiation-dependent CCSP/UG expression. Transfection studies demonstrate that C/EBPα and TTF-1 can synergistically activate the murine CCSP/UG promoter. Altogether, these results suggest that C/EBPalpha;, TTF-1, and HNF-3 determine the Clara cell-specific, differentiation-dependent expression of the CCSP/UG gene in murine lung. The relative importance of these three transcription factors, however, differs in rabbits and humans.
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 11/2000; 923(1):154 - 165. · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clara cell secretory protein/uteroglobin (CCSP/UG) is specifically expressed in the conducting airway epithelium of the lung in a differentiation-dependent manner. The proximal promoter region of the rodent CCSP/UG gene directs Clara cell specificity. Previously, it was shown that the forkhead transcription factors HNF-3 alpha and beta and the homeodomain factor TTF-1 are important transcription factors acting through this region, suggesting that they contribute to cell specificity of the CCSP/UG gene. Members of the C/EBP family of transcription factors can also interact with elements of the proximal rat and mouse CCSP/UG promoters. The onset of C/EBP alpha expression in Clara cells correlates with the strong increase of CCSP/UG expression. Thus, C/EBP alpha may play a crucial role for differentiation-dependent CCSP/UG expression. Transfection studies demonstrate that C/EBP alpha and TTF-1 can synergistically activate the murine CCSP/UG promoter. Altogether, these results suggest that C/EBP alpha, TTF-1, and HNF-3 determine the Clara cell-specific, differentiation-dependent expression of the CCSP/UG gene in murine lung. The relative importance of these three transcription factors, however, differs in rabbits and humans.
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 02/2000; 923:154-65. · 4.38 Impact Factor
  • H Braun, G Suske
    BioTechniques 07/1999; 26(6):1038-40, 1042. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    H Braun, G Suske
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    ABSTRACT: It has been reported that respiratory epithelium-specific transcription is mediated by thyroid transcription factor 1 and members of the HNF3/forkhead family of transcription factors. Here, we show that the uteroglobin/Clara cell 10-kDa promoters from rabbit and man are regulated by HNF3alpha and HNF3beta but not by HFH-4 and TTF-1. We have identified two HNF3-responsive elements in the rabbit uteroglobin/CC10 promoter located around 95 and 130 base pairs upstream of the transcriptional start site. Both elements contribute to promoter activity in H441 cells expressing uteroglobin/CC10 and HNF3alpha. Gene transfer experiments into Drosophila Schneider cells that lack many mammalian transcription factor homologs revealed that HNF3alpha and HNF3beta on their own cannot activate the uteroglobin/CC10 promoter. However, HNF3alpha and HNF3beta strongly enhanced Sp1-mediated promoter activation. Synergistic activation by HNF3alpha and Sp1 was absolutely dependent on the integrity of two Sp1 sites located at around -65 and -230. We show further that multiple activation domains of Sp1 are required for cooperativity with HNF3alpha. These studies demonstrate that transcription from the rabbit uteroglobin/CC10 promoter in lung epithelium is controlled by the combinatorial action of the cell-specific factor HNF3alpha and the ubiquitous factor Sp1.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 04/1998; 273(16):9821-8. · 4.65 Impact Factor