[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The biogenic amine, histamine plays a pathophysiological regulatory role in cellular processes of a variety of immune cells. This work analyses the actions of histamine on γδ-T lymphocytes, isolated from human peripheral blood, which are critically involved in immunological surveillance of tumours.
We have analysed effects of histamine on the intracellular calcium, actin reorganization, migratory response and the interaction of human γδ T cells with tumour cells such as the A2058 human melanoma cell line, the human Burkitt's Non-Hodgkin lymphoma cell line Raji, the T-lymphoblastic lymphoma cell line Jurkat and the natural killer cell-sensitive erythroleukaemia cell line, K562.
γδ T lymphocytes express mRNA for different histamine receptor subtypes. In human peripheral blood γδ T cells, histamine stimulated Pertussis toxin-sensitive intracellular calcium increase, actin polymerization and chemotaxis. However, histamine inhibited the spontaneous cytolytic activity of γδ T cells towards several tumour cell lines in a cholera toxin-sensitive manner. A histamine H(4) receptor antagonist abolished the histamine induced γδ T cell migratory response. A histamine H(2) receptor agonist inhibited γδ T cell-mediated cytotoxicity.
Histamine activated signalling pathways typical of chemotaxis (G(i) protein-dependent actin reorganization, increase of intracellular calcium) and induced migratory responses in γδ T lymphocytes, via the H(4) receptor, whereas it down-regulated γδ T cell mediated cytotoxicity through H(2) receptors and G(s) protein-coupled signalling. Our data suggest that histamine activated γδ T cells could modulate immunological surveillance of tumour tissue.
British Journal of Pharmacology 11/2010; 161(6):1291-300. · 5.07 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is an activator and chemoattractant of NK cells, which are critical members of the immunological tumor surveillance machinery. Here, we analyzed the influence of LPA on the interaction of human NK cells with tumor cells such as the Burkitt lymphoma cell line Raji and the human melanoma cell line A2058. Thereby we found that LPA inhibits the release of perforin and cytotoxic activity of NK cells. Analysis of signal transduction showed that LPA induces common signaling pathways of chemotaxins such as G(i) protein-dependent actin re-organization, activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase p38 as well as phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-dependent signal molecules [protein kinase B/Akt and glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta)]. In contrast to most chemotaxins, LPA is also able to activate G(s)-dependent signaling molecules. This signaling cascade involves the LPA receptor type-2, increase cAMP levels and protein kinase A (PKA) activation, which in turn are responsible for the modulatory effect of LPA on NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Moreover, blocking the regulatory subunits of PKA I abrogates the inhibitory effect of LPA, whereas the catalytic subunits are not involved. Based on our data, one can assume that LPA contributes to the tumor escape from the immunological surveillance machinery.
International Immunology 06/2009; 21(6):667-77. · 3.14 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive phospholipid that transmits signals through G-protein-coupled receptors to control cellular differentiation, survival, and several functions of immune cells. S1P is a chemoattractant for NK cells, which are critical members of the immunological tumor surveillance machinery. In this study we analyzed the influence of S1P on the interaction of NK cells with tumor cells such as the human melanoma cell line Hs294T and the Burkitt's lymphoma cell line Raji. We found that S1P inhibited the cytotoxic activity of NK cells. Analysis of signal transduction pathways revealed that S1P induced common signalling pathways of chemotaxins such as Gi protein-dependent actin reorganization and activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) dependent signal molecules, protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) and glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta). In contrast to most chemotaxins, S1P is also able to activate Gs-dependent signalling molecules. This signalling cascade involves increase of cAMP levels and protein kinase A (PKA) activation. Additionally, blocking the regulatory subunits of PKA I abrogated the inhibitory effect of S1P, whereas the catalytic subunits were not involved. Our data indicate that S1P may contributes to the tumor escape from NK cell-dependent immunological surveillance machinery.
International Journal of Oncology 02/2009; 34(1):287-94. · 2.66 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The intercellular adhesion molecule-1/CD54 (ICAM-1) functions as a counterreceptor for other adhesion molecules (e.g. the lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1/CD11a/CD18) required for the interaction of a large variety of cells with leucocytes. Constitutive expression of ICAM-1 in human epidermoid cells (KB cells) is low, but inducible by interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). Treatment of KB cells with microtubule-disrupting agents, like colchicine, nocodazole and vinblastine, potentiated the constitutive and cytokine-induced ICAM-1 expression on the cell surface. Actinomycin D inhibited microtubule-disrupting agent-induced ICAM-1 surface expression. Increased steady-state levels of ICAM-1 transcripts were found after treatment of KB cells with microtubule-disrupting agents. However, microtubule-disrupting agents neither altered the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase mRNA levels nor the amount of expressed alpha(2)-, alpha(3)-and beta(1)-integrins at the cell surface. In addition, they did not change the ICAM-1 mRNA half-life. These studies indicate a control function of the microtubule network on the expression of ICAM-1.
Skin pharmacology and physiology 02/2006; 19(6):322-8. · 2.89 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Characteristic features of atopic diseases (AD) are immigration and local activation of eosinophils. Reorganization of the cytoskeleton modulates the function of leukocytes and is a prerequisite for the motility response. In this work, the regulation of actin polymerization has been investigated by flow cytometry using NBD-phallacidin and right angle light scatter measurements in purified eosinophils isolated from patients with atopic dermatitis and normal individuals. Stimulation of eosinophils with chemotaxins such as complement fragment C5a (C5a), CC chemokine RANTES/ CCL5 and platelet activating factor (PAF) induced a reversible polymerization of actin. Normodense eosinophils purified from patients with AD showed a decreased chemotaxin-induced actin response as compared to normodense eosinophils from healthy subjects and hypodense eosinophils from patients. Stimulation of eosinophils with Th2-cytokines such as interleukin-3 (IL-3), interleukin-5 (IL-5), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) did not exert a significant effect on actin polymerization. However, pretreatment with IL-3, IL-5 or GM-CSF potentiated the chemotaxin-induced actin polymerization and graded the differential responsiveness between normodense and hypodense eosinophils. We demonstrate a different actin responsiveness in eosinophils from atopic patients and healthy subjects which could be overcome by modulating effects of Th2-cytokines.
International Journal of Molecular Medicine 01/2005; 14(6):1055-60. · 1.96 Impact Factor