Publications (3)1.83 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is necessary for thyroid hormone production and also for intracellular signalling purposes. Owing to its oxidative properties, however, it is harmful to cells, and deregulation of thyroid oxidative state has been implicated in the pathology of thyroid cancer. In this project, we studied the effects of H(2)O(2) on morphology and histochemical indicators of differentiated function (intracellular thyroglobulin), ability to generate NADPH (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity) and vitality (apoptosis assay) in human thyroid epithelial cells. We further evaluated whether methimazole, an antithyroid drug reported to have antioxidative properties, could counteract the effects of H(2)O(2). Our data demonstrate tolerance to H(2)O(2) in concentrations less than 0.3mM and harmful effects at higher concentrations. 10mM methimazole sensitizes the cells towards H(2)O(2), possibly due to a dose-dependent inhibition of G6PD. Our data demonstrate the importance of this antioxidative system and point towards a relevant, but seldom recognized, influence of methimazole.Acta Histochemica 02/2006; 108(6):431-9. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cells from 7 patients operated on for thyroid cancer were investigated. Samples of cells from the carcinoma and from the normal thyroid tissue were cultured with and without TSH stimulation. For light microscopy, serial sections of cells were cut and the size of nucleoli was measured and the number of nucleoli per cell counted. At the electron microscopic level the number and the volume of the fibrillar centres (FC) were estimated taking the Swiss cheese effect into account. The areal densities of FC, the fibrillar and granular component in nucleoli were determined by point counting. The results indicate that the malignant transformation has no influence on the size of the FC, but the observed numbers as well as the total area of FC are larger in cancer cells than in the normal thyroid epithelial cells. The nucleolar density of the fibrillar component is larger and that of the granular component is smaller in thyroid carcinoma cells than in non-malignant thyroid epithelial cells (p = 0.0001). Thus simple morphometry at the electron microscopic level might be helpful to discriminate between thyroid epithelial cells and thyroid carcinoma cells in culture.Analytical cellular pathology: the journal of the European Society for Analytical Cellular Pathology 02/1998; 16(3):131-40.
Article: Microfluorometric kinetic analysis of cathepsin B activity in single human thyroid follicular epithelial cells using image analysis and continuous monitoring.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The activity of a cysteine proteinase, cathepsin B (EC 184.108.40.206), was determined in unfixed single human thyroid follicular epithelial cells at room temperature using an image analysis system. The formation of the reaction product was monitored every minute by measuring the increasing fluorescence intensity of emitted light from a Schiff-base product formed by the substrate N-CBZ-ala-arg-arg-4-methoxy-2-naphthylamide and the coupling agent 5-nitrosalicylaldehyde. Non-specific fluorescent signals were eliminated by adjusting the video signal to zero using leupeptin, a specific inhibitor of cathepsins B, H and L. The enzyme activity was expressed as fluorescence intensity versus time. After a mean lag period of 5 min (range 4-8 min, n = 4), the enzyme activity increased linearly lasting on average 5 min (range 3-8 min), followed by a marked decrease in reaction rate for 3 min (range 1-4 min), and another linear increase for 11 min (range 8-14 min). The second linear part of the curve was not as steep as the first one. The reaction velocity recorded in individual granules resulted either in a biphasic curve or straight line, suggesting the presence of two distinct organelle compartments with differences in membrane permeability. It is concluded that human thyroid follicular epithelial cells in culture exhibit cathepsin B activity which can be monitored continuously by videomicrofluorometry without interference from non-specific fluorescence.The Histochemical Journal 05/1996; 28(4):257-63.