[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present an implementation of a method we previously reported allowing the newer antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) rufinamide (RFN) and zonisamide (ZNS) to be simultaneously determined with lamotrigine (LTG), oxcarbazepine's (OXC) main active metabolite monohydroxycarbamazepine (MHD) and felbamate (FBM) in plasma of patients with epilepsy using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with UV detection. Plasma samples (250 microL) were deproteinized by 1 mL acetonitrile spiked with citalopram as internal standard (I.S.). HPLC analysis was carried out on a Synergi 4 microm Hydro-RP, 250 mm x 4.6 mm I.D. column. The mobile phase was a mixture of potassium dihydrogen phosphate buffer (50 mM, pH 4.5), acetonitrile and methanol (65:26.2:8.8, v/v/v) at an isocratic flow rate of 0.8 mL/min. The UV detector was set at 210 nm. The chromatographic run lasted 19 min. Commonly coprescribed AEDs did not interfere with the assay. Calibration curves were linear for both AEDs over a range of 2-40 microg/mL for RFN and 2-80 microg/mL for ZNS. The limit of quantitation was 2 microg/mL for both analytes and the absolute recovery ranged from 97% to 103% for RFN, ZNS and the I.S. Intra- and interassay precision and accuracy were lower than 10% at all tested concentrations. The present study describes the first simple and validated method for RFN determination in plasma of patients with epilepsy. By grouping different new AEDs in the same assay the method can be advantageous for therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM).
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 12/2009; 878(3-4):461-5. · 2.78 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A very simple and fast method has been developed and validated for simultaneous determination of the new generation antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) lamotrigine (LTG), oxcarbazepine's (OXC) main active metabolite monohydroxycarbamazepine and felbamate in plasma of patients with epilepsy using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with spectrophotometric detection. Plasma sample (500 microL) pre-treatment was based on simple deproteinization by acetonitrile. Liquid chromatographic analysis was carried out on a Synergi 4 microm Hydro-RP, 150 mm x 4 mm I.D. column, using a mixture of potassium dihydrogen phosphate buffer (50mM, pH 4.5) and acetonitrile/methanol (3/1) (65:35, v/v) as the mobile phase, at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The UV detector was set at 210 nm. Calibration curves were linear (mean correlation coefficient >0.999 for all the three analytes) over a range of 1-20 mg/mL for lamotrigine, 2-40 microg/mL for monohydroxycarbamazepine and 10-120 microg/mL for felbamate. Both intra and interassay precision and accuracy were lower than 7.5% for all three analytes. Absolute recoveries ranged between 100 and 104%. The present procedure describes for the first time the simultaneous determination of these three new antiepileptic drugs. The simple sample pre-treatment, combined with the fast chromatographic run permit rapid processing of a large series of patient samples.
Journal of Chromatography B 12/2005; 828(1-2):113-7. · 2.49 Impact Factor