ABSTRACT: This study was designed to evaluate how the omission of axillary dissection would have altered the indication for adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) in patients with early breast cancer submitted to conservative surgery with one or two positive sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs).
We identified 321 women in our institutional database who fulfilled the characteristics. All underwent completion axillary lymph node dissection (AD). Each case was blindly reviewed by our breast team in two rounds, and the total number of positive lymph nodes was disclosed only in the second. At each round, the panel chose between: (1) recommend, (2) discuss, (3) do not recommend ACT. Changes between round 1 and 2 were studied by the marginal homogeneity test. Exploratory logistic regression analyses were performed to study predictors of non-SLN involvement and of changes in the indication for ACT.
AD revealed non-SLNs metastases in 96 patients (30 %). Fifty-two patients (16 %) had their initial indication changed at round 2 (p < 0.001). Most of the changes were toward ACT (83 %), and all except two occurred in patients with immunohistochemically defined luminal A and luminal B/HER2-negative tumors. In these two subgroups, a Ki67 above the median value (21 %) was the only independent predictor of no change in the indication to ACT at round 2.
Omission of AD in patients with one or two positive SLNs may change the indication to ACT in a significant proportion of patients with hormone receptor-positive/HER2-negative tumors. All implications should be taken into account before abandoning AD, including a possible biologically tailored surgical approach.
Annals of Surgical Oncology 07/2012; 19(12):3755-61. · 4.17 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Nipple-areola complex sparing mastectomy (NSM) with immediate implant reconstruction has been recently introduced for breast cancer patients who are not candidates for breast preserving surgery. As the cosmetic results in moderately ptotic breasts may not be optimal, a modified NSM with a periareolar pexy (PP-NSM) was introduced at our Institution. Patients selection criteria and complication rates of PP-NSM were prospectively recorded and compared with those of the classical NSM.
Over a period of 11 months, 22 PP-NSMs and 35 NSMs were performed. The mean jugular-nipple distance was significantly longer in the PP-NSM as compared with the NSM (22.6 vs. 19.6 cm; p=0.000), whereas the mean inframammary fold-areola distance was superimposable (5.4 cm). The periareolar mastopexy led to a mean cranial transposition of the nipple-areola complex (NAC) of 2.2 cm (range 1.5-4 cm). Mean breast weight was significantly higher in the PP-NSM as compared with the NSM cohort (336 vs. 236 g; p=0.003). The only case of total NAC necrosis occurred in the PP-NSM group. Partial NAC necrosis was slightly more frequent in the PP-NSM than in the NSM group (13.6% vs. 2.9%%; p=n.s.), possibly due to the higher percentage of smokers (41.0% vs. 14.0%; p=0.05). Early cosmetic results were good to excellent from the surgeon's and the patient's point of view in over 80% of the cases.
PP-NSM allows good cosmetic results and low complication rates in patients with moderately ptotic breasts requiring a mastectomy. In particular, PP-NSM seems to be a good option for women at high risk for developing breast cancer and for selected patients affected by non-locally advanced breast cancer.
Journal of Plastic Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery 03/2012; 65(3):296-303. · 1.49 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To compare the attitudes of Italian oncologic gynaecologists towards prophylactic oophorectomy at hysterectomy for a non-neoplastic reason.
A four-item two-part questionnaire was submitted to 170 gynaecologists attending a national conference on gynaecologic oncology.
About 92% of gynaecologists reported they would perform prophylactic oophorectomy in women over 50 years, but only 14% said they would in patients aged 45-50; a family history of cancer emerged as a major decision-making criterion for performing oophorectomy in the younger set of patients.
Our brief survey confirms the wide variability in attitudes among gynaecologists towards performing prophylactic oophorectomy at hysterectomy for a non-neoplastic pathology in women aged 40-50.
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 02/2006; 124(1):82-7. · 1.97 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of pretreatment serum hemoglobin level (Hb) together with a series of clinical and pathological variables available before neoadjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced squamous cervical cancer.
The influence on response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy of a series of pretreatment clinico-pathological features: hemoglobin level at diagnosis, age, parity, menopausal status, body mass index, clinical stage, tumor diameter, and nuclear grading were analyzed on 73 patients with locally advanced cervical cancer treated with platinum-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radical surgery. The relationships between pretreatment variables and response to chemotherapy were assessed in univariate and multivariate settings. A univariate and multivariate logistic regression model was adapted to predict an "optimal" response (pathological complete response or more than 50% reduction in tumoral diameter) or "sub-optimal" response (<50% reduction in tumoral diameter).
Seventy-three patients-clinical stage: Ib2: 29 (39.7%) IIa: 22 (30.1%) IIb: 22 (30.1%)-received 3 cycles of platinum-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by type III radical hysterectomy. A complete response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was significantly associated with higher level of pretreatment hemoglobin (mean 14.0 mg/dl) compared to patients with > or =50% response (12.7 mg/dl) or <50% (11.9 mg/dl) (P = 0.002). At multivariate analysis, Hb level was found to be the most powerful and significantly related factor to response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A hemoglobin threshold of 12 mg/dl was able to distinguish between patients-with > or =12 mg/dl-at higher probability to respond to neoadjuvant chemotherapy from the ones at lower probability (hemoglobin level under 12 mg/dl). Patients with a complete response to chemotherapy had a 100% survival compared to 93.1% and 53.8% for patients with responses > or =50% and <50% respectively (P = 0.0001). Patients with a pretreatment hemoglobin level of > or =12 mg/dl showed a survival of 87% compared to 63% for patients with a lower hemoglobin level (P = 0.008).
Pretreatment Hb level showed a prognostic and independent predictive value for response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced cervical cancer. In our preliminary report, performed on a limited sample, a threshold of 12 mg/dl seems to be helpful to distinguish between "optimal" and "non-optimal" response.
Gynecologic Oncology 12/2005; 99(3 Suppl 1):S187-91. · 3.89 Impact Factor