[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A left thoracotomy for decortication of an infected haemothorax was performed on a 52-year-old man with a partially infarcted left lower lobe that occurred as a rare complication of a pulmonary venous embolus. Before the completion of surgery, after an uncomplicated 40 minutes of one-lung ventilation, the left lung was temporarily re-expanded to assess air leak. On the resumption of one-lung ventilation the SpO2 fell rapidly to 85%, despite apnoeic oxygenation of the non-ventilated lung. In the absence of evidence of double-lumen tube displacement, intra-pulmonary shunting as a consequence of impaired hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction in the newly expanded markedly pathological lung is considered the most likely mechanism.
Anaesthesia and intensive care 01/2006; 33(6):801-4. · 1.47 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present report describes two similar thoracoscopic procedures performed on the same 81-year-old male patient. Because acute hypoxia had developed during one-lung ventilation on the first occasion, serial blood gases were taken during the second. Also, whereas on the first occasion the non-ventilated lung had been left open to air when one-lung ventilation was initiated, on the second it was connected to an ambient pressure oxygen source with the object of theoretically enabling apnoeic oxygenation during lung collapse. It is argued that this fundamental difference in anaesthetic practice may have contributed to the improved oxygenation that was recorded during the second thoracoscopy.
Anaesthesia and intensive care 01/2006; 33(6):805-7. · 1.47 Impact Factor