Ljubinka Jankovic Velickovic

Klinički centar Srbije, Beograd, Central Serbia, Serbia

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Publications (27)18.94 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: CD117 expression has a pathogenic role in many malignancies, including ovarian carcinoma. The aim of the present study was to examine the correlation of stemness-associated marker CD117 with the clinicopathologic features of epithelial ovarian cancer and patient survival. The analysis included 240 primary ovarian carcinomas (OC) diagnosed during the period from 2005 to 2011 in the region of South Serbia. Age, pathohistological characteristics, presence and size of residual tumor, choice of therapy and response to the therapy were studied. Residual tumors were more frequently present in the patients with positive CD117 expression (18.1% vs 8.0%; P < 0.05). Chemotherapy according to paclitaxel/carboplatin protocol was more frequent in the patients with positive CD117 expression (70.9% vs 54.2%; P < 0.05), while carboplatin monotherapy was more frequent in the patients with negative CD117 expression (18.0% vs 6.4%; P < 0.05). Median survival time in patients with CD117-positive mucinous and endometrioid OC was significantly shorter, at 20 and 26.8 months, respectively. Median survival in serous OC was not related to CD117 expression. Residual tumors and chemotherapy treatment were more frequent in patients with positive CD117 expression. The outcome was dependent on the type of OC; a worse outcome, including a shorter survival, was documented in the mucinous and endometrioid OC cases. © 2015 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 07/2015; DOI:10.1111/jog.12758 · 0.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate whether green tea extract has beneficial effect on gentamicin-induced acute renal failure. The investigation was conducted on thirty-two Wistar rats divided into four groups of 8 animals each. Control (C) group received normal saline. GT group received green tea extract orally, 300mg/kg. GM group received gentamicin intraperitoneally, 100mg/kg and GT+GM group received both gentamicin and green tea extract. Histological sections of kidney in GM group revealed necrosis of proximal tubules, vacuolization of cytoplasm and massive mononuclear inflammatory infiltrates in interstitium. Coadministration of green tea with gentamicin had renoprotective effect and showed only mild infiltrations, normal glomeruli and alleviated tubular degeneration. Analysis of biochemical parameters showed significantly higher urea and creatinine serum concentrations in GM group in comparison with C group and GT+GM group (p
    01/2015; 32(1). DOI:10.1515/afmnai-2015-0005
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    ABSTRACT: Urothelial bladder cancer (UBC) is a common genitourinary malignancy, accounting for more than 160.000 deaths per year worldwide. Overexpression and aberrant glycosylation of mucins are frequent traits of many human cancers derived from epithelial cells, and are found to have prognostic significance in various carcinomas. The aim of this study was to further elucidate the features and significance of mucin expression in UBC. We investigated the relationship between mucin expression and clinicopathological characteristics in 539 cases of UBC by immunohistochemical analysis of MUC1, MUC2, MUC4, MUC5AC and MUC6 expression profiles. MUC1 stained 61.8% of the tumors and correlated with high tumor grade (P = 0.013). The expression of MUC2 and MUC6 was associated with low tumor grade (P < 0.000 and P < 0.022, respectively), and low pathologic stage (P < 0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively). MUC2 negative tumors were more frequently associated with the finding of carcinoma in situ in tumor surroundings (P = 0.019). UBC with divergent differentiation correlated with MUC1, MUC4 and MUC5AC staining. MUC4 expression was directly linked to cancer specific death (P = 0.027), while MUC2 and MUC6 showed inverse correlation to cancer-specific death (P < 0.001 and P = 0.005, respectively). Kaplan-Meier analyses showed that expression of MUC2 and MUC6 in UBC was significantly associated with better overall survival of the patients (P < 0.001, respectively). In Cox regression model, the absence of MUC6 expression emerged as independent predictor of death outcome. In conclusion, this study identifies MUC2 and MUC6 expression as markers of UBC with less aggressive behavior and useful predictors of better survival.
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    ABSTRACT: Primary acinic cell carcinoma (ACC) is an uncommon malignant neoplasm of the salivary gland (SG), which usually presents as slow growing tumor. We reported a 69-year-old woman with tumor in the right parotid gland with a 5-year progress. Biopsy sections revealed a hybrid form of ACC with a low- and high-grade component and prominent lymphoid tissue in tumor stroma. Immunohistochemistry was performed to define the molecular profile of this unusual ACC, with special interest for stromal influence on to the proliferative activity of ACC with dedifferentiation. We detected that the level and the type of stromal lymphoid reaction (particularly CD8+/CD4+ ratio) had a significant influence on to Ki-67 index in the high-grade component of ACC, as well as the involvement of the CXCR4 signaling axis in the stromal reaction influence. We suggest that tumor stroma may be a source of potential new tumor biomarkers which can determine the aggressivity of this tumor.
    Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 12/2013; 70(12):1155-8. DOI:10.2298/VSP1312155J · 0.27 Impact Factor
  • Ljubinka Jankovic Velickovic · Vladisav Stefanovic
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    ABSTRACT: This review mainly focuses on our understanding of spermatogenesis in physiological and pathological hypoxic condition. Real hypoxia is closely related to vascular changes and an increase in testicular temperature. Both induce a reduction in sperm count and can be related to the increase in germ cell apoptosis. On the other hand, change in the temperature, and oxygen levels in the microenvironment have influence on spermatogonial stem cell function and differentiation. The initial connection between hypoxia and a factor critical for stem cell maintenance is alteration in Oct-4 expression, and these data may be a useful strategy for modulating stem cell function. Unilateral testicular ischemia-induced cell death can be accompanied by an increase in germ cell apoptosis in the contralateral testis. The injury of contralateral testis following unilateral testicular damage is controversial, and it can contribute to the reduction in fertility.
    International Urology and Nephrology 11/2013; 46(5). DOI:10.1007/s11255-013-0601-1 · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) associated with Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is characterized by a number of aberrations in cell-cycle regulation and apoptosis. The aim of this study was to detect angiogenesis-related marker(s) specific for BEN UTUC, and to examine the influence of HIF 1α upon angiogenesis and apoptosis in UTUC. Present investigation included 110 patients with UTUC, 50 from BEN region and 60 control tumors. Altered expression of VEGFR1 was more often present in control UTUC than in BEN tumors (p<0.005). It was associated with high grade, low and high stage, solid growth, and metaplastic change of control UTUC. Microvessel density assessed by CD31 (MVD CD31) was significantly higher in UTUC with lymphovascular invasion (p<0.05), and in BEN tumors with papillary growth (p<0.05). Discriminant analysis indicated that BEN and control tumors do not differ significantly in expression of angiogenesis related markers. The most important discriminant variable that determined control UTUC was expression of VEGFR1 (p=0.002). HIF 1α in UTUC significantly correlated with the low stage, papillary growth and expression of Bcl-2, Caspase-3 index, and MVD CD34 (p<0.001; 0.0005; 0.01; 0.005; 0.01, respectively). HIF-1α may be helpful marker in evaluation of UTUC, especially when combined with angiogenesis and apoptosis.
    International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 01/2012; 5(7):674-83. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gentamicin (GM) is a widely used antibiotic against serious, life-threatening infections, but its usefulness is limited by the development of nephrotoxicity. The present study was designed to determine the protective effect of selenium (Se) in GM-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Experiments were done on 32 adult Wistar rats divided into four groups of 8 animals each. The GM group received gentamicin (100 mg/kg), whereas the GM+Se group received the same dose of GM and selenium (1 mg/kg) by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections on a daily basis. Animals in the Se group, serving as a positive control, received only selenium (1 mg/kg) and the control group received saline (1 mL/day), both given i.p. All groups were treated during 8 consecutive days. Quantitative evaluation of GM-induced structural alterations and degree of functional alterations in the kidneys were performed by histopathological and biochemical analyses in order to determine potential beneficial effects of selenium coadministration with GM. GM was observed to cause a severe nephrotoxicity, which was evidenced by an elevation of serum urea and creatinine levels. The significant increases in malondialdehyde levels and protein carbonyl groups indicated that GM-induced tissue injury was mediated through oxidative reactions. On the other hand, simultaneous selenium administration protected kidney tissue against oxidative damage and the nephrotoxic effect caused by GM treatment. Exposure to GM caused necrosis of tubular epithelial cells. Necrosis of tubules was found to be prevented by selenium pretreatment. The results from our study indicate that selenium supplementation attenuates oxidative-stress-associated renal injury by reducing oxygen free radicals and lipid peroxidation in GM-treated rats.
    Drug and Chemical Toxicology 11/2011; 35(2):141-8. DOI:10.3109/01480545.2011.589446 · 1.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Deregulation of the normal cell cycle is common in upper urothelial carcinoma (UUC). The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of regulatory proteins of the cell cycle (p53, p16, cyclin D1, HER-2) and proliferative Ki-67 activity in UUC, and to determine their interaction and influence on the phenotypic characteristics of UUC. In 44 patients with UUC, histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses (p53, p16, cyclin D1, HER-2, and Ki-67) of tumors were done. Overexpression/altered expression of p53, p16, cyclin D1 or HER-2 was detected in 20%, 57%, 64%, and 57% of tumors, respectively. Eleven (25%) UUC had a high proliferative Ki-67 index. Forty patients (91%) had at least one marker altered, while four (9%) tumors had a wild-type status. Analysis of relationship between expressions of molecular markers showed that only high expression of p53 was significantly associated with altered p16 activity (p < 0.05). High Ki-67 index was associated with the high stage (p < 0.005), solid growth (p < 0.01), high grade (p < 0.05), and multifocality p < 0.05) of UUC, while high expression of p53 was associated with the solid growth (p < 0.05). In regression models that included all molecular markers and phenotypic characteristics, only Ki-67 correlated with the growth (p < 0.0001), stage (p < 0.01), grade (p < 0.05) and multifocality (p < 0.05) of UCC; (Ki-67 and HER-2 expression correlated with the lymphovascular invasion (p < 0.05). This investigation showed that only negative regulatory proteins of the cell cycle, p53 and p16, were significantly associated in UUC, while proliferative marker Ki-67 was in relation to the key phenotypic characteristics of UUC in the best way.
    Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 07/2011; 68(7):567-74. · 0.27 Impact Factor
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    Ana Ristić · Ljubinka Janković Velicković · Dragana Stokanović
    Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 06/2011; 68(6):511-4. · 0.27 Impact Factor
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    Vesna Marjanović · Vesna Novak · Ljubinka Velicković · Goran Marjanović
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with severe traumatic brain injury are at a risk of developing ventilator-associated pneumonia. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence, etiology, risk factors for development of ventilator-associated pneumonia and outcome in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. A retrospective study was done in 72 patients with severe traumatic brain injury, who required mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours. Ventilator-associated pneumonia was found in 31 of 72 (43.06%) patients with severe traumatic brain injury. The risk factors for ventilator-associated pneumonia were: prolonged mechanical ventilation (12.42 vs 4.34 days, p < 0.001), longer stay at intensive care unit (17 vs 5 days, p < 0.001) and chest injury (51.61 vs 19.51%, p < 0.009) compared to patients without ventilator-associated pneumonia. The mortality rate in the patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia was higher (38.71 vs 21.95%, p = 0.12). The development of ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients with severe traumatic brain injury led to the increased morbidity due to the prolonged mechanical ventilation, longer stay at intensive care unit and chest injury, but had no effect on mortality.
    Medicinski pregled 01/2011; 64(7-8):403-7. DOI:10.2298/MPNS1108403M
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    ABSTRACT: Upper urothelial carcinoma (UUC) has a plasticity to demonstrate divergent differentiation with squamous metaplastic elements. There was no previous study exploring profiling of molecular markers in metaplastic squamous upper urothelial carcinoma (SUUC) and conventional upper urothelial carcinoma (CUUC). The aims of this study was to compare expression of the phenotypic characteristics of tumors and molecular markers (p53, p16, cyclin D1, E-cadherin, HER-2, Ki-67, Bcl-2, Bax) in SUUC and CUUC. SUUC was detected in 20% of 44 patients. There was significant difference between SUUC and CUUC in the pathological stage, grade, growth and presence of lymphovasular invasion (p < 0.05; 0.05; 0.05; 0.01 respectively). The mean Ki-67 and p53 labeling index was significantly higher in SUUC than in CUUC (p < 0.05; 0.05). There was no significant difference in the expression of p16, cyclin D1, E-cadherin, HER-2, Bcl-2 and Bax between SUUC and CUUC. Univariant model showed that SUUC was significantly associated with lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.007), Ki-67 activity (p = 0.016) and growth (p = 0.026). Exploration of UUC with squamous divergent differentiation showed changes in phenotypic characteristics and Ki-67, as well as similar molecular profile with CUUC.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 12/2010; 17(3):535-9. DOI:10.1007/s12253-010-9343-x · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma, a relatively rare tumor, is up to 100 times more frequent in regions with Balkan endemic nephropathy. Characteristics of transitional cell carcinoma in the endemic South Morava Region in Serbia in the previous 50 years were evaluated. We analyzed 477 cases with pathologically confirmed transitional cell carcinoma who underwent surgery from 1957 to 2006: 91 from endemic, 106 from adjacent and 280 from control settlements. Cases in the study came from 10 endemic villages, 46 adjacent villages, 51 control villages and the city of Nis. The increase in number of transitional cell carcinoma from 1957 was followed by a peak between 1967 and 1978 (yearly incidence 21.9 per 100,000) and a slow decrease thereafter to 7.4 (1997-2006). In the control settlements, the increase was steady. Reduced kidney function at surgery was found in 58% of patients from endemic and in 20% from control settlements. Age at surgery has significantly increased from 52.3 and 51.5 (1957-1966) to 70.9 and 66.1 (1997-2006) for endemic and control settlements, respectively. The female sex was predominant in endemic and adjacent settlements and the male sex in control settlements. Transitional cell carcinoma from endemic settlements was of a lower grade in the period from 1957-1986, but in the period from 1987-2006 they were predominantly high grade. Low tumor stage (pTa-pT1) predominated in transitional cell carcinoma from the endemic and adjacent but not the control settlements in the period from 1957 to 1986. However, in the last 20 years, upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma stage increased, the highest in the period from 1997 to 2006 in all settlements studied. Conservative surgery was advocated for transitional cell carcinoma in Balkan endemic nephropathy areas up to 1996. Transitional cell carcinoma are now more malignant and more advanced than before, and a less aggressive approach is used only for absolute indications. An increased number of transitional cell carcinoma in endemic settlements was observed, markedly decreasing in the last decade. An increasing age and a shorter survival were recorded in patients both from Balkan endemic nephropathy and control settlements. Sporadic cases upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma in settlements adjacent to endemic settlements were demonstrated.
    Tumori 01/2010; 96(5):674-9. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is a high incidence of upper urothelial carcinoma (UUC) in regions affected by Balkan Endemic Nephropathy (BEN). The aim of this study was to compare E-cadherin expression in UUC, in regions affected by BEN, and in control rural and city populations free of BEN. Another aim was to determine the influence of some morphological parameters on the E-cadherin status. In the samples of 85 UUC patients, of whom 40 lived in BEN settlements and 45 served as control subjects, immunoreactions were performed using monoclonal anti-human E-cadherin antibody. Aberrant expression of E-cadherin was more frequent in BEN tumors than in control tumors (p<0.01). Decreased E-cadherin expression was linked to high grade and solid growth in control and BEN tumors (p<0.0001 and <0.05 versus p<0.05 and <0.05, respectively), and to the stage in control tumors (p<0.01). However, BEN low grade and low stage tumors showed aberrant expression more often than did control tumors (p<0.05 and <0.005, respectively). In control tumors, using univariate analysis, E-cadherin status was found to be influenced by grade, stage, and tumor growth (p=0.001, 0.017, 0.015, respectively). In the same group, only the grade was significant according to multistep logistic regression analysis (Wald=6.429 and p=0.011). The growth pattern had a predominant influence on E-cadherin expression in BEN tumors (p=0.005). A significant influence on normal membranous or abnormal cytoplasmic expression of E-cadherin in UUC is exerted by tumor grade, stage, growth, and metaplastic change (p=0.002, 0.048, 0.019, 0.011, respectively), but only by tumor grade in the multistep logistic regression model. These results suggest that decreased expression of E-cadherin in BEN tumors may be linked to tumor growth, while expression of E-cadherin in control tumors may be associated with tumor grade.
    Pathology - Research and Practice 06/2009; 205(10):682-9. DOI:10.1016/j.prp.2009.03.007 · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mammary phyllodes tumors (MPT) are uncommon fibroepithelial (biphasic) neoplasms whose clinical behavior is difficult to predict on the basis of histological criteria only. They are divided into benign, borderline malignant and malignant groups. Sometimes it appears difficult to distinguish these tumors from other types of soft tissue sarcomas. Because of the relatively scant data on the role of biological markers in MPT histogenesis, we have decided to undertake the following study, trying to shed more light on the issue by investigating the following elements that make up MPT: their histological patterns, biological behavior, enzymohistochemical, histochemical and immunohistochemical characteristics (ICH) together with the mast cell analysis. We examined the biopsy material of 35 MPT in our laboratory. Enzymohistochemistry was performed on frozen sections (method of Crowford, Nachlas and Seligman). The used methods were classical hematoxylin-eosin (H & E); histochemical Massontrichrome, Alcian-blue, Periodic acid Schiff and immunohistochemical LSAB2 method (DacoCytomation). Ki-67, c-kit, vimentin, estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and Her-2 oncoprotein immunohistochemistry was performed on all tumors. The patients were ranged per age from 30--62 years (mean 43.3 years, median 39 years). A total of 35 cases of MPT were included: 20 benign (57%), 6 borderline malignant (17%) and 9 malignant (26%). Twenty-two patients (62.8%) underwent segmental mastectomy, while 13 (37.2%) had total mastectomies. Twenty-eight patients had negative surgical margins at original resection. The mean size of malignant MPT (7.8 cm) was larger than that of benign MPT (4.5 cm). Significant features of the malignant MPT were: stromal cellularity, stromal cellular atypism, high mitotic activity, atypic mitoses, stromal overgrowth, infiltrative tumor contour and heterologous stromal elements. Benign MPT showed strong enzymohistochemical Leucine Amino Peptidase (LAP) activity in both epithelial and stromal components while it was weak or absent in the epithelial parts of the malignant tumors. Acid mucopolysacharides were present in the stromal component of all types of these tumors. Benign MPT had a lower Ki-67 than did borderline malignant MPT (4 versus 28). Malignant MPT had a greater than 8-fold higher Ki-67 activity than did benign tumors (35 versus 4). Intracyto-plasmatic c-kit expression was associated with a pathological diagnosis of malignant MPT, correlating with increasing grade (p < 0.05). In hypercellular stroma of borderline malignant and especially malignant forms of MPT, high activity of ER in mast cells was confirmed. Oncoprotein Her-2 activity, mostly in epithelial components, correlated with the degree of malignant progression of MPT (p < 0.05). Besides the well-known malignant features additional parameters have been found to be high Ki-67 and c-kit stromal expressions, and weak LAP activity in the epithelial part of malignant MPT, as well as mast cells with a high expression of ER.
    Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 05/2009; 66(4):277-82. DOI:10.2298/VSP0904277I · 0.27 Impact Factor
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    Irena Dimov · Ljubinka Jankovic Velickovic · Vladisav Stefanovic
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    ABSTRACT: Exosomes are nanovesicles of endocytic origin that are secreted into the extracellular space or body fluids when a multivesicular body (MVB) fuses with the cell membrane. Interest in exosomes intensified after their description in antigen-presenting cells and the observation that they can significantly moderate immune responses in vivo. In the past few years, several groups have reported on the secretion of exosomes by almost all cell types in an organism. In addition to a common set of membrane and cytosolic molecules, exosomes harbor unique subsets of proteins, reflecting their cellular source. Major research efforts were put into their surprisingly various biological functions and in translating knowledge into clinical practice. Urine provides an exciting noninvasive alternative to blood or tissue samples as a potential source of disease biomarkers. Urinary exosomes (UE) became the subject of serious studies just a few years ago. A recent large-scale proteomics-based study of normal UE revealed a myriad of proteins, including disease-related gene products. Thus, UE have valuable potential as a source of biomarkers for early detection of various types of diseases, monitoring the disease evolution and/or response to therapy. As a relatively new field of research, it still faces many challenges, but UE have already shown some straightforward potential.
    The Scientific World Journal 01/2009; 9:1107-18. DOI:10.1100/tsw.2009.128 · 1.73 Impact Factor
  • Slavica Stojnev · Miljana Pejcic · Zana Dolicanin · Ljubinka Jankovic Velickovic · Irena Dimov · Vladisav Stefanovic
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    ABSTRACT: An increasing number of patients suffering from renal diseases and limitations in standard diagnostic and therapeutic approaches has created an intense interest in applying genomics and proteomics in the field of nephrology. Genomics has provided a vast amount of information, linking the gene activity with disease. However, proteomic technologies allow us to understand proteins and their modifications, elucidating properties of cellular behavior that may not be reflected in analysis of gene expression. The application of these innovative approaches has recently yielded the promising new urinary biomarkers for acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease, thus providing a better insight in renal pathophysiology and establishing the basis for new therapeutic strategies. Despite significant improvements in therapeutics, the mortality and morbidity associated with acute renal failure (ARF) remain high. The lack of early markers for ARF causes an unacceptable delay in initiating therapy. These biomarker panels will probably be useful for assessing the duration and severity of ARF, and for predicting progression and adverse clinical outcomes. Kidney failure leads to the uremic syndrome characterized by accumulation of uremic toxins, which are normally cleared by the kidneys. Proteomics has gained considerable interest in this field, as a new and promising analytical approach to identify new uremic toxins. The urinary proteome as a tool for biomarker discovery is still in its early phase. A major challenge will be the integration of proteomics with genomics data and their functional interpretation in conjunction with clinical results and epidemiology.
    Renal Failure 01/2009; 31(8):765-72. DOI:10.3109/08860220903100713 · 0.78 Impact Factor
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    Ljubinka Jankovic Velickovic · Takanori Hattori · Vladisav Stefanovic
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    ABSTRACT: The role of aristolochic acid in the etiology of Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) and associated upper urothelial carcinoma (UUC) was recently confirmed. The aim of this study was to determine the marker(s) specific for BEN-associated UUC. A total of 82 patients with UUC (38 from the BEN region and 44 control tumors) were included in the study. The Ki-67 index in BEN tumors correlated with the grade and multifocality (p < 0.05), but in regression analysis, only the grade of BEN tumor. The p53 index was significantly higher in BEN than in control tumors (p < 0.05), as well as the alteration of p53 (p < 0.05). BEN low-stage tumors, tumors without limphovascular invasion (LVI), and tumors of the renal pelvis had a higher p53 index than the control tumors (p < 0.05, 0.01, 0.05, respectively). The Ki-67 index was higher in control tumors with high-stage and solid growth than in BEN UUC (p < 0.050, 0.005). The Ki-67 correlated with the grade, growth, stage, LVI, and multifocality of UUC on the best way, but not with the group. In regression analysis, only multifocality of UUC had predictive influence on Ki-67 activity (p < 0.001). P53 correlated with the grade, growth, and group (p < 0.05). This investigation identifies the p53 pathway as the specific cell cycle marker involved in BEN-associated UUC.
    The Scientific World Journal 01/2009; 9:1360-73. DOI:10.1100/tsw.2009.162 · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Upper urothelial carcinoma (UUC), a rare neoplasm, occurs more frequently in some regions of Balkan countries than in other areas in the world. The aim of this study is to compare phenotypic morphological characteristics of UUC in Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) region and control rural and city populations free of BEN, and to determine the characteristic(s) that could discriminate tumors in endemic and non-endemic regions. The authors analyzed biopsies from 88 patients with UUC, 40 patients who live in Balkan endemic (BEN) settlements and 48 control subjects. The histological sections were used to assess morphological variables: histologic grade, pathologic stage (pT), growth pattern, pattern of invasion, lympho-vascular invasion (LVI), presence of necrosis and metaplastic changes (squamous or glandular) within the tumor. Statistically significant differences between the groups were found concerning tumor grade, pattern of invasion, growth pattern and metaplastic changes. High-grade tumors and trabecular/infiltrative patterns of invasion were more frequent in the group of BEN tumors (chi(2)=4.583, p<0.05; chi(2)=8.064, p<0.05). Moreover, solid growth and metaplastic changes are significant in BEN tumor, chi(2)=9.696, p<0.01; chi(2)=9.35, p<0.01, respectively. Discriminant analysis of morphological variables had indicated that BEN and control tumors are significantly different (Wilks' lambda=0.833, chi(2)=15.044 and p<0.05). The best characteristic that differentiated them was growth pattern; i.e., solid growth for BEN tumors and papillary for control tumors.
    Pathology - Research and Practice 12/2008; 205(2):89-96. DOI:10.1016/j.prp.2008.09.002 · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    Ivana Pešić · Ljubinka Janković Veličković · Dragana Stokanović · Irena Dimov
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    ABSTRACT: Upper urothelial tract cancer (UUTC) is an uncommon disease presenting only 5 to 6% of all urothelial tumors. In families affected with Balkan endemic nephropathy the incidence is 100 times greater. The most common symptom of UUTC is hematuria (75%) and flank pain (30%). Excretory urography is still the first choice examination in the exploration of hematuria. Urinary cytology testing has a high specificity (over 90%) but low sensitivity (below 50%). Flexible or rigid ureteroscopy enables taking biopsies and confirms the diagnosis with a sensitivity over 80% but with a low specificity of about 60%. This diagnostic procedure does not permit an early diagnosis, and could miss UUTC. However, the better understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in carcinogenesis and tumor progression has provided a large number of molecular markers of UUTC, with a potential diagnostic and prognostic value. The characterization of the molecular features of urothelial carcinomas is still ongoing. The goal is to relate the tumor genotype to am individual's phenotype and to discover a specific diagnostic marker associated to the tumor's molecular biology. If an at-risk genetic profile could be established, it might be possible to predict, even prevent urothelial carcinomas in some patients. Further investigations are needed in order to find the best marker for early detection of UUTC. The ideal UUTC test is still unavailable, but the eventual "gold standard" will consist of multiple assays that analyze nucleic acids and proteins for detection. In addition, these tests would also reveal to the clinician both prognostic information and therapeutic targets for personalized medical treatment.
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    Dimov Irena · Ivana Pesic · Ljubinka Jankovic Velickovic
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    ABSTRACT: Current explosion of „omics“ technologies within functional genomics and proteomics promises to take a central place in the understanding of pathogenesis, diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of (pre)cancers of many different sites. Urothelial cancer is a common malignant disease characterized by multiple localisations and frequent recurrences. Proteomics is expected to play the key role in early diagnosis and distinction of biological potential among the low grade urothelial cancers, with the long-term goal of predicting their evolution in terms of outcome, avoiding invasive diagnostic procedures. This review covers a selection of advances of proteomics application and its promise for transitional cell carcinoma research. Proteomics offers an attractive approach to biomarker discovery. Protein profiling of urine could provide us with low-cost and noninvasive diagnostic approach for transitional cell carcinoma. Tissue protein profiling is far more complicated than the analysis of fluids, but it could provide more accurate information of healthy and malignant urothelium.