[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Laser-based tissue microdissection is an important tool for the molecular evaluation of histological sections. The technology has continued to advance since its initial commercialization in the 1990s, with improvements in many aspects of the process. More recent developments are tailored toward an automated, operator-independent mode that relies on antibodies as targeting probes, such as immuno-laser capture microdissection or expression microdissection (xMD). Central to the utility of expression-based dissection techniques is the effect of the staining process on the biomolecules in histological sections. To investigate this issue, the authors analyzed DNA, RNA, and protein in immunostained, microdissected samples. DNA was the most robust molecule, exhibiting no significant change in quality after immunostaining but a variable 50% to 75% decrease in the total yield. In contrast, RNA in frozen and ethanol-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples was susceptible to hydrolysis and digestion by endogenous RNases during the initial steps of staining. Proteins from immunostained tissues were successfully analyzed by one-dimensional electrophoresis and mass spectrometry but were less amenable to solution phase assays. Overall, the results suggest investigators can use immunoguided microdissection methods for important analytic techniques; however, continued improvements in staining protocols and molecular extraction methods are key to further advancing the capability of these methods.
Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 03/2011; 59(6):591-600. · 2.26 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel approach was developed for mapping the location of target DNA in tissue sections. The method combines a high-density, multi-well plate with an innovative single-tube procedure to directly extract, amplify, and detect the DNA in parallel while maintaining the two-dimensional (2D) architecture of the tissue. A 2D map of the gene glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) was created from a tissue section and shown to correlate with the spatial area of the sample. It is anticipated that this approach may be easily adapted to assess the status of multiple genes within tissue sections, yielding a molecular map that directly correlates with the histology of the sample. This will provide investigators with a new tool to interrogate the molecular heterogeneity of tissue specimens.
Lab on a Chip 12/2009; 9(24):3526-34. · 5.70 Impact Factor