[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with a large spectrum of lymphoproliferative diseases. Traditional methods of EBV detection include the immunohistochemical identification of viral proteins and DNA probes to the viral genome in tumoral tissue. The present study explored the detection of the EBV genome, using the BALF5 gene, in the bone marrow or blood mononuclear cells of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) and related its presence to the clinical variables and risk factors. The results show that EBV detection in 21.5% of patients is not associated with age, gender, staging, B symptoms, international prognostic index scores or any analytical parameters, including lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) or β-2 microglobulin (B2M). The majority of patients were treated with R-CHOP-like (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone or an equivalent combination) and some with CHOP-like chemotherapy. Response rates [complete response (CR) + partial response (PR)] were not significantly different between EBV-negative and -positive cases, with 93.2 and 88.9%, respectively. The survival rate was also similar in the two groups, with 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of 64.3 and 76.7%, respectively. However, when analyzing the treatment groups separately there was a trend in EBV-positive patients for a worse prognosis in patients treated with CHOP-like regimens that was not identified in patients treated with R-CHOP-like regimens. We conclude that EBV detection in the bone marrow and blood mononuclear cells of DLBC patients has the same frequency of EBV detection on tumoral lymphoma tissue but is not associated with the risk factors, response rate and survival in patients treated mainly with immunochemotherapy plus rituximab. These results also suggest that the addition of rituximab to chemotherapy improves the prognosis associated with EBV detection in DLBCL.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: TP53 and its downstream effector gene P21 are two important genes in cell cycle regulation. Genetic alterations on p53 and attenuation of p21 expression result in progression through cell cycle G1 checkpoint, which can lead to cancer development. We analysed the frequency of TP53 codon 72 and 3'UTR P21 polymorphisms in 681 blood samples from 371 cervical cancer patients, 122 ovarian cancer patients and 188 healthy controls using AS-PCR and PCR-RFLP. Approximately twofold increased risk of ovarian cancer (OC) was observed for TP53 Pro carriers (P = 0.038), with a significantly higher risk for advanced OC (P = 0.018). Furthermore, among the P21 CC genotypes, TP53 P allele was also associated with a twofold increased risk of OC (P = 0.014) and to a threefold increased risk for advanced OC (P = 0.003) with an attributable proportion of 44.2%. These results were confirmed in an age-adjusted logistic regression analysis. No association was found between these polymorphisms and cervical cancer. Our results suggest that the TP53 codon 72 genotypes may be considered as a molecular marker, contributing to a genetic profile for ovarian cancer in women.
European Journal of Cancer 06/2006; 42(7):958-63. · 5.06 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ovarian cancer (OC) is the most lethal gynaecologic cancer and its standard treatment consists of platinum-based chemotherapy after cytoreductive surgery. The p53 protein plays a critical role on different cellular processes in response to DNA damage and it is responsible for transcriptional induction of the P21 gene. We have analysed 114 blood samples in order to investigate the effect of the TP53 codon 72 and the P21 3'UTR polymorphisms in response to cisplatinum/paclitaxel chemotherapy for OC treatment. The genotypes of the TP53 codon 72 and P21 3'UTR polymorphism were identified using AS-PCR and PCR-RFLP, respectively. Our results indicate that the TP53 P allele is associated with a worse prognosis (P=0.011) while P21 polymorphism genotypes did not reveal any statistically significant result (P>0.05). Furthermore, simultaneous carriers of the TP53 AA genotype and the P21 CC genotype demonstrate a longer progression-free interval (P=0.020). This study suggests that the characterisation of a genetic profile can contribute to the definition of a better chemotherapy treatment.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/2006; 340(1):256-62. · 2.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A relevant clinical problem in the treatment of ovarian cancer (OC) is the development of resistance to chemotherapy, frequently due to genetic variations in enzymes and receptors. Changes in the HER2 receptor have been associated with breast and ovarian cancers. The role of a polymorphism in the HER2 gene in the clinical outcome of OC patients was investigated in this study. We characterized DNA samples from 111 patients with OC treated with cisplatin and paclitaxel, using PCR-RFLP. Our results indicate that patients carrying the valine homozygotic genotype present a lower overall survival mean, suggesting a role for this polymorphism in the outcome of ovarian cancer patients. The G allele has been implicated in the formation of active HER2 receptors, with a more aggressive phenotype. We hypothesize that HER2 genotypes can be predictive biomarkers in ovarian cancer, contributing to a genetic individual profile of great interest in clinical oncology.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 11/2005; 335(4):1173-8. · 2.41 Impact Factor