Tai Ma

Anhui Medical University, Luchow, Anhui Sheng, China

Are you Tai Ma?

Claim your profile

Publications (12)36.34 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose: To investigate the radiosensitizing effect and mechanism of action by the natural product-Paeonol on lung adenocarcinoma both in vitro and in vivo. Materials and methods: Two lung adenocarcinoma cell lines (human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 and mouse Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cell line) were chosen for this research. In order to select the experimental concentrations of Paeonol, cytotoxicity was determined using a MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5- diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. A clonogenic assay was performed to measure the radiosensitizing effects. Apoptosis was determined by the Tunel (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick and labeling) assay and flow cytometry. Protein expression was analyzed by Western blotting. To test the radiosensitizing effect in vivo, a transplanted tumor model was established. Results: The MTT assay showed that Paeonol inhibited proliferation of cells. Paeonol concentration ranged from an IC5 (5% inhibiting concentration) to an IC20 and was used at nontoxic concentrations for subsequent experiments. The clonogenic assay showed that Paeonol enhanced the radiosensitivity of cells. Data from the Tunel assay and flow cytometry verified that Paeonol enhanced radiation-induced apoptosis. Paeonol inhibited the activation of the PI3K/AKT (Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/ Protein Kinase B) pathway and down-regulated the expression of COX-2 (Cyclooxygenase-2) and Survivin. Paeonol (1718mg/kg) combined with 10Gy irradiation inhibited the growth of a transplanted tumor model in vivo, resulting in the longest tumor growth time, tumor growth delay and the highest inhibition ratio when compared with the radiotherapy alone group. Conclusions: It is reported for the first time that Paeonol has a radiosensitizing effect on lung adenocarcinoma both in vitro and in vivo. This effect could be related to the augmentation of radiation-induced apoptosis and the inhibition of the PI3K/Akt signalling pathway and its downstream proteins: COX-2 and Survivin.
    International Journal of Radiation Biology 07/2013; · 1.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy are important adaptive responses in eukaryotes. The aim of this study was to investigate the autophagic responses in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells under ER stress and the effect of autophagy on cell survival and death. The human HCC cell line HepG2 was stimulated with tunicamycin to induce ER stress. Cell viability was detected using the Cell Counting Kit‑8. The accumulation of autophagic compartments was observed using transmission electron microscopy. The expression of ER and autophagy-related proteins was assessed by western blotting. Autophagic flux was assessed by microtubule-associated protein 1‑light chain 3 (MAP1‑LC3) turnover assay in the presence of chloroquine to inhibit lysosomes. HepG2 cells subjected to the ER stress presented a significant accumulation of autophagosomes and increased conversion of LC3-I to LC3-II as well as enhanced autophagic flux as detected by the LC3 turnover assay. Inhibition of autophagy with 3-methyladenine facilitated ER stress-related cell death. We conclude that ER stress enhances the autophagic flux in HepG2 cells, which may contribute to the maintenance of cell viability.
    Oncology Reports 05/2013; · 2.30 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chemoresistance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with multiple cellular responses to environmental stresses, such as nutrient deprivation and hypoxia. Nevertheless, whether ER stress resulting from nutrient deprivation and tumor hypoxia contributes to drug resistance remains unclear. Melatonin increased the efficacy of chemotherapeutic drugs in hepatocellular carcinoma in our previous studies. However, the effects of melatonin on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced resistance to chemotherapeutic agents in HCC have not been tested. The effect of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response during resistance of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells against doxorubicin was investigated in this study. Pretreatment of HepG2 and SMMC-7721 cells (two human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines) with tunicamycin, an ER stress inducer, drastically decreased the rate of apoptosis generated by doxorubicin. Interestingly, co-pretreatment with tunicamycin and melatonin significantly increased apoptosis induced by doxorubicin. Simultaneously, the expression of phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT) was elevated in HepG2 and SMMC-7721 cells given tunicamycin but reduced in the presence of melatonin. Furthermore, consistent with inhibition of AKT activation by using the PI3K inhibitor LY294002, melatonin elevated the levels of CHOP (C/EBP-homologous protein) and reduced the levels of Survivin (a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family)suggesting that inhibition of the PI3K/AKT pathway by melatonin-reversed ER stress-induced resistance to doxorubicin in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. These results demonstrate that melatonin attenuates ER stress-induced resistance to doxorubicin in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells by down-regulating the PI3K/AKT pathway, increasing the levels of CHOP and decreasing the levels of Survivin.
    Journal of Pineal Research 04/2013; · 7.30 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Apoptosis resistance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most significant factors for hepatocarcinogenesis and tumor progression, and leads to resistance to conventional chemotherapy. It is well known that inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) play key roles in apoptosis resistance, it has become an important target for antitumor therapy. In this study, we examined if melatonin, the main secretory product of the pineal gland, targeted IAPs, leading to the inhibition of apoptosis resistance. To accomplish this, we first observed that four members of IAPs (cIAP-1, cIAP-2, Survivin, and XIAP) were overexpressed in human HCC tissue. Interestingly, melatonin significantly inhibited the growth of HepG2 and SMMC-7721 cells and promoted apoptosis along with the downregulation of Survivin and XIAP, but had no effect on the expression of cIAP-1 and cIAP-2. These data suggest that the inhibition of Survivin and XIAP by melatonin may play an important part in reversing apoptosis resistance. Notably, cIAP-1, Survivin and XIAP were significantly associated with the coexpression of COX-2 in human HCC specimens. Melatonin also reduced the expression of COX-2 and inhibited AKT activation in HepG2 and SMMC-7721 cells. Inhibition of COX-2 activity with the selective inhibitor, NS398, and inhibition of AKT activation using the PI3K inhibitor, LY294002, in tumor cells confirmed that melatonin-induced apoptosis was COX-2/PI3K/AKT-dependent, suggesting that the COX-2/PI3K/AKT pathway plays a role in melatonin inhibition of IAPs. Taken together, these results suggest that melatonin overcomes apoptosis resistance by the suppressing Survivin and XIAP via the COX-2/PI3K/AKT pathway in HCC cells.
    Journal of Pineal Research 04/2013; · 7.30 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress) is generally activated in solid tumors and results in tumor cell anti-apoptosis and drug resistance. Paeonol (Pae, 2-hydroxy-4-methoxyacetophenone), is a natural product extracted from the root of Paeonia Suffruticosa Andrew. Although Pae displays anti-neoplastic activity and increases the efficacy of chemotherapeutic drugs in various cell lines and in animal models, studies related to the effect of Pae on ER stress-induced resistance to chemotherapeutic agents in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are poorly understood. METHODOLOGYPRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In this study, we investigated the effect of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response during resistance of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells to doxorubicin. Treatment with the ER stress-inducer tunicamycin (TM) before the addition of doxorubicin reduced the rate of apoptosis induced by doxorubicin. Interestingly, co-pretreatment with tunicamycin and Pae significantly increased apoptosis induced by doxorubicin. Furthermore, induction of ER stress resulted in increasing expression of COX-2 concomitant with inactivation of Akt and up-regulation of the pro-apoptotic transcription factor CHOP (GADD153) in HepG2 cells. These cellular changes in gene expression and Akt activation may be an important resistance mechanism against doxorubicin in hepatocellular carcinoma cells undergoing ER stress. However, co-pretreatment with tunicamycin and Pae decreased the expression of COX-2 and levels of activation of Akt as well as increasing the levels of CHOP in HCC cells. CONCLUSIONSSIGNIFICANCE: Our results demonstrate that Pae reverses ER stress-induced resistance to doxorubicin in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells by targeting COX-2 mediated inactivation of PI3K/AKT/CHOP.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(5):e62627. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: A number of studies have investigated the association between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and the prognosis of gastric cancer (GC), with inconsistent and inconclusive results. We performed a meta-analysis to derive a more precise estimation of the association. METHODOLOGYPRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane and Chinese wanfang databases was performed with the last search updated on February 19, 2013. The hazard ratio (HR) and its 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were used to assess the strength of association. A total of 12 studies including 2454 patients with GC were involved in this meta-analysis. The pooled HR was 0.71 (95%CI: 0.57-0.87; P = 0.001) for OS and 0.60 (95%CI: 0.30-1.18; P = 0.139) for DFS in GC patients, respectively. The protective role of H. pylori infection in the prognosis of GC was also observed among different subgroups stratified by ethnicity, statistical methodology, H. pylori evaluation method and quality assessment. There was no evidence of publication bias. CONCLUSIONSSIGNIFICANCE: This meta-analysis suggests a protective role for H. pylori infection in the prognosis of GC. The underlying mechanisms need to be further elucidated, which could provide new therapeutic approaches for GC.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(5):e62440. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases: an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases 02/2012; 16(1):109-10. · 1.04 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated cell apoptosis is implicated in the development of cancer. Melatonin induces apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in experimental studies, but the effects of melatonin on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced apoptosis in HCC have not been tested. Differences in ER stress-induced apoptosis in human hepatoma cells and normal human hepatocyte were investigated by exposure to tunicamycin (ER stress inducer). Significant differences were observed in the rate of apoptosis between HepG2 cells (hepatoma cells) and HL-7702 cells (normal human hepatocyte cells). The expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) was increased in HepG2 cells but not in HL-7702 cells. Furthermore, down-regulation of COX-2 expression using the COX-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, increased tunicamycin-induced apoptosis concomitant with the up-regulation of pro-apoptotic transcription factor CHOP (GADD153) and down-regulation of B-cell lymphoma 2/Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bcl-2/Bax) ratio, suggesting that inhibition of COX-2 sensitized human hepatoma cells to ER stress-induced apoptosis. Interestingly, co-treatment with tunicamycin and melatonin also decreased the expression of COX-2 and significantly increased the rate of apoptosis by elevating the levels of CHOP and reducing the Bcl-2/Bax ratio. These results demonstrate that melatonin sensitizes human hepatoma cells to ER stress-induced apoptosis by down-regulating COX-2 expression, increasing the levels of CHOP and decreasing the Bcl-2/Bax ratio.
    Journal of Pineal Research 12/2011; 52(3):322-31. · 7.30 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the phenotypic and molecular characterization of a novel plasmid-mediated AmpC-type β-lactamase in Klebsiella pneumoniae E701 isolated from Anhui province in China. In comparison with the ACT-1, sequence analysis revealed that there were 43 point mutations in the coding gene, and 10 of which led to amino-acid substitution. Resistance could be transferred by conjugation or transformation with plasmid DNA into E. coli JM109, which was due to the production of a β-lactamase with an isoelectric point of 8.4 named ACT-6. Cloning, expression, purification and kinetics were carried out to study the characterization of the novel AmpC-type β-lactamase. The results of MIC determinations and substrate profiles showed there was no significant difference in the activities of the novel enzyme and ACT-1. Moreover, the class 1 integron and the whole open reading frame of the novel AmpC-type β-lactamase from K.pneumoniae E701 were detectable in the same size plasmid. This is the first report on the emergence of the novel ACT-6 type β-lactamases in K. pneumoniae.
    The Journal of Antibiotics 02/2011; 64(4):317-20. · 2.19 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To retrospectively investigate the risk factors, distribution, antibiotic resistance of infection with Gram-positive (G+) bacteria in an intensive care unit (ICU), so as to provide the reference for clinical prevention and treatment. A retrospective analysis of clinical data of 83 patients with G+ bacteria infection in ICU from January 2003 to December 2008 was done. Of the 125 strains of G+ bacteria from 83 patients, Staphylococcus was the main organism (63.2%, 79/125). The prognosis of the patient was related with surgical operation (chi2=9.107, P=0.003), gastric intubation (chi2=4.053, P=0.044), complication (chi2 5.908, P=0.015) and the use of immunosuppressant (chi2=5.761, P=0.016). Multi-bacterial infection was related with surgery (chi2=8.847, P=0.003) and tracheostomy (chi2=10.445, P=0.001). The antibiotic susceptibility test in vitro showed that G+ bacteria displayed multi-resistance to antibiotics, but all of G+ bacteria were sensitive to vancomycin (resistance rate was 0). Staphylococcus was the most common pathogen of G+ bacterial infection in ICU. Further surveillance of bacterial resistance is warranted in ICU, and antimicrobial drugs should be used according to the result of susceptibility test. Taking account of the antibiotic resistance and risk factors of G+ bacteria infection in ICU, the infection could be controlled and the death rate could be cut down when appropriate measures are taken.
    Zhongguo wei zhong bing ji jiu yi xue = Chinese critical care medicine = Zhongguo weizhongbing jijiuyixue 08/2010; 22(8):451-4.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To study the risk factors of infection of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL)-producing strains and drug resistance of Enterobacteriaceae that infected burn patients. A retrospective study was performed on clinical information of 92 patients with Enterobacteriaceae infection in our burn unit from January 2001 to December 2008. The distribution and drug resistance of Enterobacteriaceae, and the detection rate, drug resistance of ESBL-producing strains, and its risk factors of nosocomial infection were analyzed. Data were processed with Chi-square test. One hundred and nine strains of Enterobacteriaceae were isolated, with 38 (34.9%) strains of Enterobacter cloacae, 25 (22.9%) strains of Escherichia coli, 22 (20.2%) strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae, 13 (11.9%) strains of Proteus mirabilis, and 11 (10.1%) other strains of Enterobacteriaceae. Enterobacteriaceae were moderately or highly resistant to antibiotics except imipenem, resistance rate of which was less than 8.0%. ESBL-producing strains accounted for 44.0% in Escherichia coli, and 77.3% in Klebsiella pneumoniae. Drug-resistance rate of ESBL-producing strains to antibiotics was obviously higher than that of non ESBL-producing strains. Length of hospital stay longer than 20 days, and use of the third-generation cephalosporin longer than 5 days, quinolone antibiotics longer than 7 days, and topical antibiotics longer than 5 days were the risk factors of nosocomial infection caused by ESBL-producing strains, comparing with non ESBL-producing strains, the difference was statistically significant (with chi2 value respectively 5.491, 4.441, 15.186, 4.938, P values all below 0.05). Enterobacteriaceae strains in burn unit of our hospital are highly drug resistant, with high lactamase-producing rates, calling for intense monitor to control the risk factors that predispose the infection of ESBL-producing strains in order to lower the infection rate.
    Zhonghua shao shang za zhi = Zhonghua shaoshang zazhi = Chinese journal of burns 06/2010; 26(3):199-201.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chromobacterium violaceum, Gram-negative Bacillus, is a common inhabitant of soil and stagnant water found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It is a rare cause of severe, often fatal, human disease. In the report, 3 cases of patients infected with C. violaceum were described in Anhui Province, China. Routine and bacteriological investigations were carried out to establish the aetiological diagnosis. Moreover, the patients were treated with appropriate antimicrobial agents and auxiliary therapy. To our knowledge, a total of 42 cases have been reported previously from Chinese mainland in the recent 20 years, with a review of the literatures.