Fei-ran Zhang

Peking University Health Science Center, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (3)0 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To examine the association between pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and small-for-gestational-age babies (SGA) in a Chinese population. Subjects were women who delivered a singleton baby (gestational weeks: equal to or greater than 28, and less than 42) in four cities or counties in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, China, during the period of 1995 - 2000. A total number of 93 743 women were included. Incidence of SGA was calculated and compared between women with or without PIH and between groups with different severities of PIH. Multiple logistic regression was used to address the relationship between PIH and SGA while controlling for maternal age, occupation, education, parity, BMI, anemia, premature rupture of membranes and fetal sex. The association between PIH and SGA was also examined according to preterm or term delivery. The incidence of SGA in women with PIH (6.0%) was higher than women without (4.5%), and the incidence increased with severities of PIH. The adjusted relative risk rates (95% CI) of SGA in women with mild,moderate and severe PIH were 1.17 (1.01-1.34), 1.69 (1.33-2.14), and 3.50 (2.57-4.77), respectively, when confounders were controlled for. The risk ratios of SGA in women with PIH among women who delivered a preterm baby were higher than those among women who delivered a term baby. There seemed a statistical association between PIH and SGA and women with PIH having higher incidence of SGA than those without PIH.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 05/2008; 29(4):313-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association between third trimester hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations and the risk of low birth weight and preterm delivery in a Chinese population. Subjects were women who delivered in four cities/counties in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, China, during the period of 1995 - 2000. Incidence of low birth weight and preterm delivery was calculated and compared among groups of women with different levels of Hb during the third trimester. Multiple logistic regression was used to address relationships between Hb levels and the risk of preterm delivery and low birth weight while controlling for potential confounding factors. The overall prevalence of anemia during third trimester of pregnancy was 48.2% , mainly consisting of mild and moderate anemia. Mild and moderate anemia did not increase the risk of preterm delivery and low birth weight statistically. The lowest incidence of preterm delivery and low birth weight was found among pregnant women with Hb levels at 90-99 g/L. The risk for preterm delivery and low birth weight increased with either increasing or decreasing hemoglobin concentrations. However,there was no remarkable elevation of the risk when Hb was in the range of 70-119 g/L. Women with severe anemia (Hb< 70 g/L) had 80% higher risk (95% CI:1.0-3.3) of preterm delivery and a 4.0-fold higher risk (95 % CI :2. 1-7.5) of low birth weight compared with women with an Hb value of 90-99 g/L. In addition, women with a high Hb concentration (Hb> 130 g/L) had 20% higher risk (95 % CI: 1..0-1.4) of preterm delivery and 50 % higher risk (95 % CI: 1.2-1.9) of low birth weight. A U-shape relationship was found between Hb concentration and the risk of preterm delivery and low birth weight. Severe anemia and high hemoglobin concentration were both associated with increased risk of preterm deliveries and low birth weight.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 02/2007; 28(1):15-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the relationship between multi-trace elements levels in hair and human neural tube defects as well as other risk factors. Using 88 paired cases and controls, an 1:1 matched case control study was carried out. The study subjects were collected from the China-U. S. Collaborative Project on Neural Tube Defects Prevention and Birth Defects Surveillance System. Risk factors were obtained by field investigation with standardized questionnaires and hair trace elements levels were determined by AAS and ICP-MS methods. Microwave digestion was used to digest hair samples. The detected elements would include three groups, namely nutritional elements: Cr, Mn, Cu, Zn, Co, Mo; toxic elements: Pb, As, Cd, Hg; and Lanthanons: Y, La, Pr, Nd. Cox Proportional Hazard Regression Model was used to perform risk factors analysis. Pregnancy fever appeared to be a risk factor of neural tube defects (OR = 6.525, P = 0.034) while hair zinc level (OR = 0.541 microg/100 g, P = 0.02) and times of prenatal physical examination (OR = 0.634, P < 0.001) served as two protective factors appeared in the last model. Zinc deficiency might serve as a risk factor for human neural tube defects, suggesting that the avoidance of pregnancy infection together with more periodical prenatal physical examination might reduce the incidence of neural tube defects.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 11/2005; 26(10):772-6.

Publication Stats

3 Citations

Institutions

  • 2007–2008
    • Peking University Health Science Center
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2005
    • Peking University
      • Institute of Reproductive and Child Health
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China