[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 20-year-old man with right bundle branch block in recordedECG was referred to our department. His physical examinationwas unremarkable. Transthoracic echocardiography showeda severe hypertrophy of the interventricular septum (22 mm)which contained multiple echo-free spaces of the vascularnature. A flow pattern suggestive to a coronary artery fistulainto the left ventricle was recorded. The patient was referredfor a coronary angiography, which revealed an arteriovenousmalformation starting from the septal branch of the enlarged leftanterior descending artery. The malformation communicatedwith the lumen of the left (arterial phase) and right ventricle(venous phase) as well. The posterior descending artery wasfed exclusively from the described arteriovenous malformation.99mTc MIBI SPECT images showed a moderately reversible perfusiondefect in the inferior wall, suggesting non-critical ischemiaof this region.
Nuclear medicine review. Central & Eastern Europe: journal of Bulgarian, Czech, Macedonian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Yugoslav societies of nuclear medicine and Ukrainian Society of Radiology 01/2012; 15(1):80-2.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Heart pathology strongly influences the course and prognosis of patients with generalized autoimmune diseases. In spite of autoimmunity being a common denominator of these diseases, systemic sclerosis (SSc), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and dermato/polymyositis (DPM) differ significantly in the pathogenesis of organ damage. The aim of the study was to compare pathologic changes in heart structure and function in these diseases by means of standard echocardiography and tissue Doppler (TDE).
Four groups were examined: 60 SSc, 60 SLE and 15 DPM patients in stable clinical conditions and 30 healthy control subjects. Echocardiography with TDE was performed with the assessment of systolic (S) and diastolic (E) velocities of mitral and tricuspid annuli.
Heart in SSc was characterized by significant diastolic left ventricular dysfunction (mitral E 8.61 +/- 2.3 cm/s vs. 12.4 +/- 3.5 cm/s in the control group; P < 0.01) with preserved systolic function (mitral S 7.85 +/- 1.5 cm/s vs. 7.95 +/- 0.9 cm/s in control group; ns). SLE and DPM resulted mainly in pathologic thickening of valvular leaflets and/or pericardium [mitral or aortic leaflets thickened in 38 (63.3%) of SLE patients, 7 (46.7%) of DPM patients; pericardium thickened in 36 (60%) of SLE patients]. Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure was elevated in SSc (13.8 +/- 3.5 mmHg) and DPM (13.2 +/- 2.5 mmHg) patients as compared to the control group (9.2 +/- 3.7 mmHg, P < 0.01). Right ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction was frequent irrespective of the presence or absence of pulmonary hypertension.
Echocardiography with TDE reveals characteristic pathology in different forms of generalized autoimmune diseases reflecting their different pathogenetic mechanisms. Overproduction of collagen in SSc results in diastolic left ventricular dysfunction, while generalized inflammation in SLE and DPM leads mainly to pathologic changes on valvular leaflets and/or pericardium. Interestingly, right ventricular dysfunction is common in all diseases analyzed, regardless of the presence of pulmonary hypertension. Echocardiography, preferably with TDE, could add valuable information about usually asymptomatic heart pathology in an individual patient with generalized autoimmune disease.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The clinical efficacy of transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) closure with the Amplatzer Septal Occluder (ASO) can only be judged against the results of contemporaneous surgery. The present study compared early and late results of ASD closure using ASO versus open-heart surgery.
Forty-eight adult patients were found eligible for transcatheter closure in transesophageal echocardiography. The surgical group consisted of 52 patients with isolated ostium secundum ASD. All patients underwent standard ECG, 24-hour ECG recording, and transthoracic echocardiography pre-procedure at 1-month and at 1-year follow-up. Physical fitness was assessed by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) prior to ASD closure and at 1-year follow-up.
ASD closure was successful in all surgical patients and in 94% of the ASO group (0% mortality). The total complication rate for surgical vs. device closure was not significantly different (19.2% vs. 26.7%; p=0.383), despite more serious complications in the surgical group. Hospital stay was significantly shorter in the ASO group (5.4+/-2.2 vs. 9.1+/-1.2 days; p<0.001). Although echocardiographic parameters did not differ significantly between the respective groups at 1-year follow-up, CPX revealed a higher decrease in the VE/VCO2 slope in the ASO group (-3.7+/-3.4 vs.-1.2+/-4.8; p=0.003).
As surgical and device closure appear similarly effective in adults with ASD, avoidance of thoracotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass, in conjunction with a shorter hospital stay, argues in favour of device closure in selected patients.
Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 12/2009; 15(12):CR612-7. · 1.36 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The study aimed to evaluate pre and postoperative echocardiographic data and exercise capacity in relation to age and hemodynamics in adults with atrial septal defect (ASD). Fifty-two subjects with ASD (mean age: 38.6+/-15 years) were enrolled. Echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise test were performed before and a year after surgery. Pre and postoperative data were analyzed for the entire group and then compared in terms of age: <40 and >or=40 years, right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP): <or=30 and >30 mmHg and pulmonary to systemic flow ratio (Qp/Qs): <2.5 and >or=2.5. After surgery right ventricle dimension decreased in all patients, although it remained significantly larger in patients over 40 years. There was a negative correlation between peak oxygen uptake and preoperative RVSP (r=-0.69, P<0.001). Exercise capacity improved irrespective of the age at surgery, preoperative RVSP and Qp/Qs, although it failed to normalize in patients with RVSP >30 mmHg. Adults with ASD benefit from surgical closure irrespective of the actual age at surgery. Patient's age at surgery and pulmonary hypertension crucially impact the results of surgical intervention. Early defect correction is therefore highly recommendable, specifically with a view to preventing the hemodynamic consequences of ASD.
Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery 10/2005; 4(5):488-92.