[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Arterioportal fistula (APF) is a rare cause of portal hypertension and may lead to death. APF can be congenital, post-traumatic, iatrogenic (transhepatic intervention or biopsy) or related to ruptured hepatic artery aneurysms. Congenital APF is a rare condition even in children. In this case report, we describe a 73-year-old woman diagnosed as APF by ultrasonography, computed tomography, and hepatic artery selective arteriography. The fistula was embolized twice but failed, and she still suffered from alimentary tract hemorrhage. Then, selective arteriography of the hepatic artery was performed again and venae coronaria ventriculi and short gastric vein were embolized. During the 2-year follow-up, the patient remained asymptomatic. We therefore argue that embolization of venae coronaria ventriculi and short gastric vein may be an effective treatment modality for intrahepatic APF with severe upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2009; 15(13):1656-9. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To observe the effect of Yangxueqingnao particles on rat vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation induced by lysophosphatidic acid (LPA).
The amount of (3)H-TdR ((3)H-thymidine) admixed in cultured rat VSMC was measured and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity and lipid peroxidation end product malondialdehyde (MDA) content of the VSMC were assayed.
1x10(-9), 1x10(-8), 1x10(-7) mol/L LPA in a concentration dependent manner, induced the amount of (3)H-TdR admixed, MAP kinase activity, and MDA content of the cultured rat VSMC to increase. However, 5%, 10%, and 15% Yangxueqingnao serum preincubation resulted in a decrease of 23.0%, 42.0%, and 52.0% (P<0.01) respectively in the amount of (3)H-TdR admixed, a decline in VSMC MAP kinase activity of 13.9% (P<0.05), 29.6% (P<0.01), and 48.9% (P<0.01) respectively, and also, a decrease in MDA content of VSMC of 19.4%, 24.7%, and 43.2% (P<0.01) respectively, in the 1x10(-7) mol/L LPA-treated VSMC.
LPA activates the proliferation and lipid peroxidation of VSMC in a concentration dependent manner. The LPA-induced VSMC proliferation is related to the activity of MAP kinases, enzymes involved in an intracellular signalling pathway. The results of the present study showed that Yangxueqingnao particles can effectively inhibit LPA-induced VSMC proliferation, MAP kinase activation, and reduce lipid peroxidative lesion.
Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 09/2005; 6(9):892-6. · 1.11 Impact Factor