Maria E. De Rossi

National Scientific and Technical Research Council, Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires F.D., Argentina

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Publications (15)37.77 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We analyse the dark, gas, and stellar mass assembly histories of low-mass halos (Mvir ~ 10^10.3 - 10^12.3 M_sun) identified at redshift z = 0 in cosmological numerical simulations. Our results indicate that for halos in a given present-day mass bin, the gas-to-baryon fraction inside the virial radius does not evolve significantly with time, ranging from ~0.8 for smaller halos to ~0.5 for the largest ones. Most of the baryons are located actually not in the galaxies but in the intrahalo gas; for the more massive halos, the intrahalo gas-to-galaxy mass ratio is approximately the same at all redshifts, z, but for the least massive halos, it strongly increases with z. The intrahalo gas in the former halos gets hotter with time, being dominant at z = 0, while in the latter halos, it is mostly cold at all epochs. The multiphase ISM and thermal feedback models in our simulations work in the direction of delaying the stellar mass growth of low-mass galaxies.
    06/2014;
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    Gabriel R. Bengochea, Maria E. De Rossi
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, we show that when supernova Ia (SN Ia) data sets are used to put constraints on the free parameters of inhomogeneous models, certain extra information regarding the light-curve fitter used in the supernovae Ia luminosity fluxes processing should be taken into account. We found that the size of the void as well as other parameters of these models might be suffering extra degenerations or additional systematic errors due to the fitter. A recent proposal to relieve the tension between the results from Planck satellite and SNe Ia is re-analyzed in the framework of these subjects.
    Physics Letters B. 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The mass assembly of a whole population of sub-Milky Way galaxies is studied by means of hydrodynamical simulations within the $\Lambda$-CDM cosmology. Our results show that while dark halos assemble hierarchically, in stellar mass this trend is inverted in the sense that the smaller the galaxy, the later is its stellar mass assembly on average. Our star formation and supernovae feedback implementation in a multi-phase interstellar medium seems to play a key role on this process. However, the obtained downsizing trend is not yet as strong as observations show.
    09/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Cosmological hydrodynamical simulations are studied in order to analyse generic trends for the stellar, baryonic and halo mass assembly of low-mass galaxies (M_* < 3 x 10^10 M_sun) as a function of their present halo mass, in the context of the Lambda-CDM scenario and common subgrid physics schemes. We obtain that smaller galaxies exhibit higher specific star formation rates and higher gas fractions. Although these trends are in rough agreement with observations, the absolute values of these quantities tend to be lower than observed ones since z~2. The simulated galaxy stellar mass fraction increases with halo mass, consistently with semi-empirical inferences. However, the predicted correlation between them shows negligible variations up to high z, while these inferences seem to indicate some evolution. The hot gas mass in z=0 halos is higher than the central galaxy mass by a factor of ~1-1.5 and this factor increases up to ~5-7 at z~2 for the smallest galaxies. The stellar, baryonic and halo evolutionary tracks of simulated galaxies show that smaller galaxies tend to delay their baryonic and stellar mass assembly with respect to the halo one. The Supernova feedback treatment included in this model plays a key role on this behaviour albeit the trend is still weaker than the one inferred from observations. At z>2, the overall properties of simulated galaxies are not in large disagreement with those derived from observations.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 08/2013; 435(3). · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    Maria E. De Rossi, Susana E. Pedrosa
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the evolution of the gas kinematics of galaxies by performing hydrodynamical simulations in a cosmological scenario. We paid special attention to the origin of the scatter of the Tully-Fisher relation and the features which could be associated with mergers and interactions. We extended the study by De Rossi et al. (2010) and analysed their whole simulated sample which includes both, gas disc-dominated and spheroid-dominated systems. We found that mergers and interactions can affect the rotation curves directly or indirectly inducing a scatter in the Tully-Fisher Relation larger than the simulated evolution since z=3. In agreement with previous works, kinematical indicators which combine the rotation velocity and dispersion velocity in their definitions lead to a tighter relation. In addition, when we estimated the rotation velocity at the maximum of the rotation curve, we obtained the best proxy for the potential well regardless of morphology.
    06/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Recent observational and theoretical works have suggested that the Tully-Fisher Relation might be generalised to include dispersion-dominated systems by combining the rotation and dispersion velocity in the definition of the kinematical indicator. Mergers and interactions have been pointed out as responsible of driving turbulent and disordered gas kinematics, which could generate Tully-Fisher Relation outliers. We intend to investigate the gas kinematics of galaxies by using a simulated sample which includes both, gas disc-dominated and spheroid-dominated systems. Cosmological hydrodynamical simulations which include a multiphase model and physically-motivated Supernova feedback were performed in order to follow the evolution of galaxies as they are assembled. Both the baryonic and stellar Tully-Fisher relations for gas disc-dominated systems are tight while, as more dispersion-dominated systems are included, the scatter increases. We found a clear correlation between $\sigma / V_{\rm rot}$ and morphology, with dispersion-dominated systems exhibiting the larger values ($> 0.7$). Mergers and interactions can affect the rotation curves directly or indirectly inducing a scatter in the Tully-Fisher Relation larger than the simulated evolution since $z \sim 3$. Kinematical indicators which combine rotation velocity and dispersion velocity can reduce the scatter in the baryonic and the stellar mass-velocity relations. Our findings also show that the lowest scatter in both relations is obtained if the velocity indicators are measured at the maximum of the rotation curve. Moreover, the rotation velocity estimated at the maximum of the gas rotation curve is found to be the best proxy for the potential well regardless of morphology.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 09/2012; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, we studied the stellar and baryonic Tully-Fisher relations by using hydrodynamical simulations in a cosmological framework. We found that supernova feedback plays an important role on shaping the stellar Tully-Fisher relation causing a steepening of its slope at the low-mass end, consistently with observations. The bend of the relation occurs at a characteristic velocity of approximately 100 km/s, in concordance with previous observational and theoretical findings. With respect to the baryonic Tully-Fisher relation, the model predicts a linear trend at z~0 with a weaker tendency for a bend at higher redshifts. In our simulations, this behaviour is a consequence of the more efficient action of supernova feedback at regulating the star formation process in smaller galaxies.
    04/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: We have studied the origin of the Tully-Fisher relation by analysing hydrodynamical simulations in a Lambda-CDM universe. We found that smaller galaxies exhibit lower stellar masses than those predicted by the linear fit to high mass galaxies (fast rotators), consistently with observations. In this model, these trends are generated by the more efficient action of Supernova feedback in the regulation of the star formation in smaller galaxies. Without introducing scale-dependent parameters, the model predicts that the Tully-Fisher relation bends at a characteristic velocity of around 100 km/s, in agreement with previous observational and theoretical findings.
    XIII Latin American Regional IAU Meeting. 01/2011;
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    María E. De Rossi, Patricia B. Tissera
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    ABSTRACT: During the last decade, the development of more sophisticated surveys allows the exploration of the chemical enrichment of galaxies and their environment at different cosmic times. In this context, it has been suggested that galactic winds play a fundamental role in the regulation of the star formation and the transportation of metals outside the galaxies. In this work, we study the influence of Supernovae winds in the chemical evolution of galaxies and the intergalactic medium by employing cosmological numerical simulations within a hierarchical Universe. We focus on the origin and evolution of the mass-metallicity relation (MZR).
    Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union 04/2010; 5(S262):325-326.
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    María E. De Rossi, Patricia B. Tissera, Susana E. Pedrosa
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    ABSTRACT: The Tully-Fisher Relation (TFR) is of fundamental importance for galaxy formation as it provides information about the relation between the baryonic content of galaxies and the depth of their dark halos potential wells. In recent years, it has been possible to study this relation at different redshifts. However, there are still controversies about its origin and evolution. In this work, we try to address the origin of the Tully-Fisher Relation by employing cosmological hydrodynamical simulations.
    Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union 04/2010; 5(S262):327-328.
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    ABSTRACT: We analyse a sample of 52 000 Milky Way (MW) type galaxies drawn from the publicly available galaxy catalogue of the Millennium Simulation with the aim of studying statistically the differences and similarities of their properties in comparison to our Galaxy. Model galaxies are chosen to lie in haloes with maximum circular velocities in the range 200–250 km s−1 and to have bulge-to-disc ratios similar to that of the MW. We find that model MW galaxies formed ‘quietly’ through the accretion of cold gas and small satellite systems. Only ≈12 per cent of our model galaxies experienced a major merger during their lifetime. Most of the stars formed ‘in situ’, with only about 15 per cent of the final mass gathered through accretion. Supernovae (SNe) and active galactic nuclei (AGN) feedback play an important role in the evolution of these systems. At high redshifts, when the potential wells of the MW progenitors are shallower, winds driven by SNe explosions blow out a large fraction of the gas and metals. As the systems grow in mass, SNe feedback effects decrease and AGN feedback takes over, playing a more important role in the regulation of the star formation activity at lower redshifts. Although model MW galaxies have been selected to lie in a narrow range of maximum circular velocities, they nevertheless exhibit a significant dispersion in the final stellar masses and metallicities. Our analysis suggests that this dispersion results from the different accretion histories of the parent dark matter haloes. Statistically, we also find evidences to support the MW as a typical Sb/Sc galaxy in the same mass range, providing a suitable benchmark to constrain numerical models of galaxy formation.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 04/2009; 395(1):210 - 217. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We developed a Monte Carlo code to generate long-duration gamma-ray burst (LGRB) events within cosmological hydrodynamical simulations consistent with the concordance ΛCDM model. As structure is assembled, LGRBs are generated in the substructure that formed galaxies today. We adopted the collapsar model so that LGRBs are produced by single, massive stars at the final stage of their evolution. We found that the observed properties of the LGRB host galaxies (HGs) are reproduced if LGRBs are also required to be generated by low-metallicity stars. The low-metallicity condition imposed on the progenitor stars of LGRBs selects a sample of HGs with mean gas abundances of 12 + log O/H ≈ 8.6. For z < 1 the simulated HGs of low-metallicity LGRB progenitors tend to be faint, slow rotators with high star formation efficiency, compared with the general galaxy population, in agreement with observations. At higher redshift, our results suggest that larger systems with high star formation activity could also contribute to the generation of LGRBs from low-metallicity progenitors since the fraction of low-metallicity gas available for star formation increases for all systems with look-back time. Under the hypothesis of our LGRB model, our results support the claim that LGRBs could be unbiased tracers of star formation at high redshifts.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 02/2007; 375(2):665 - 672. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We analyse the evolutionary history of galaxies formed in a hierarchical scenario consistent with the concordance $\Lambda$-CDM model focusing on the study of the relation between their chemical and dynamical properties. Our simulations consistently describe the formation of the structure and its chemical enrichment within a cosmological context. Our results indicate that the luminosity-metallicity (LZR) and the stellar mass-metallicity (MZR) relations are naturally generated in a hierarchical scenario. Both relations are found to evolve with redshift. In the case of the MZR, the estimated evolution is weaker than that deduced from observational works by approximately 0.10 dex. We also determine a characteristic stellar mass, $M_c \approx 3 \times 10^{10} M_{\odot}$, which segregates the simulated galaxy population into two distinctive groups and which remains unchanged since $z\sim 3$, with a very weak evolution of its metallicity content. The value and role played by $M_c$ is consistent with the characteristic mass estimated from the SDSS galaxy survey by Kauffmann et al. (2004). Our findings suggest that systems with stellar masses smaller than $M_c$ are responsible for the evolution of this relation at least from $ z\approx 3$. Larger systems are stellar dominated and have formed more than 50 per cent of their stars at $z \ge 2$, showing very weak evolution since this epoch. We also found bimodal metallicity and age distributions from $z\sim3$, which reflects the existence of two different galaxy populations. Although SN feedback may affect the properties of galaxies and help to shape the MZR, it is unlikely that it will significantly modify $M_c$ since, from $z=3$ this stellar mass is found in systems with circular velocities larger than $100 \kms$.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 10/2006; · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We perform an statistical analysis of galaxies in pairs in a Lambda-CDM scenario by using the chemical GADGET-2 of Scannapieco et al. (2005) in order to study the effects of galaxy interactions on colours and metallicities. We find that galaxy-galaxy interactions can produce a bimodal colour distribution with galaxies with significant recent star formation activity contributing mainly to blue colours. In the simulations, the colours and the fractions of recently formed stars of galaxies in pairs depend on environment more strongly than those of galaxies without a close companion, suggesting that interactions play an important role in galaxy evolution. If the metallicity of the stellar populations is used as the chemical indicator, we find that the simulated galaxies determine luminosity-metallicity and stellar mass-metallicity relations which do not depend on the presence of a close companion. However, in the case of the luminosity-metallicity relation, at a given level of enrichment, we detect a systematic displacement of the relation to brighter magnitudes for active star forming systems. Regardless of relative distance and current level of star formation activity, galaxies in pairs have stellar populations with higher level of enrichment than galaxies without a close companion. In the case of the gas component, this is no longer valid for galaxies in pairs with passive star formation which only show an excess of metals for very close pair members, consequence of an important recent past star formation activity. (Abridged).
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 06/2006; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    Patricia B. Tissera, Maria E. De Rossi, C. Scannapieco
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    ABSTRACT: We study the mass-metallicity relation of galactic systems with stellar masses larger than 10^9 Mo in Lambda-CDM scenarios by using chemical hydrodynamical simulations. We find that this relation arises naturally as a consequence of the formation of the structure in a hierarchical scenario. The hierarchical building up of the structure determines a characteristic stellar mass at M_c ~10^10.2 Moh^-1 which exhibits approximately solar metallicities from z ~ 3 to z=0. This characteristic mass separates galactic systems in two groups with massive ones forming most of their stars and metals at high redshift. We find evolution in the zero point and slope of the mass-metallicity relation driven mainly by the low mass systems which exhibit the larger variations in the chemical properties. Although stellar mass and circular velocity are directly related, the correlation between circular velocity and metallicity shows a larger evolution with redshift making this relation more appropriate to confront models and observations. The dispersion found in both relations is a function of the stellar mass and reflects the different dynamical history of evolution of the systems. Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures. Accepted MNRAS Letters
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 08/2005; · 5.52 Impact Factor