ABSTRACT: LiCl acts as a highly effective catalyst for cyanosilylation of various aldehydes and ketones to the corresponding silylated cyanohydrins. The reaction proceeds smoothly with a substrate/catalyst molar ratio of 100-100,000 at 20-25 degrees C under solvent-free conditions. alpha,beta-Unsaturated aldehydes are completely converted to the 1,2-adducts. The cyanation products can be isolated by direct distillation of the reaction mixture.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry 09/2005; 70(16):6530-2. · 4.45 Impact Factor