ABSTRACT: Amphiphilic molecular baskets were obtained by attaching facially amphiphilic cholate groups to a covalent scaffold (calixarene or 1,3,5-2,4,6-hexasubstituted benzene). In a solvent mixture consisting of mostly a nonpolar solvent (i.e., CCl4) and a polar solvent (i.e., DMSO), the hydrophilic faces of cholates turned inward to form a reversed-micelle-like conformer whose stability was strongly influenced by the number of the cholates and the topology of the scaffold. Preferential solvation of the hydrophilic faces of cholates within the molecule by the polar solvent was cooperative and gave the fundamental driving force to the conformational change. The reversed-micelle-like conformer was most stable in structures that allowed multiple cholates to form a microenvironment that could efficiently enrich the polar solvent molecules from the bulk solvent mixture.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry 10/2006; 71(19):7205-13. · 4.45 Impact Factor