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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the impact of aromatase inhibitors as adjuvant treatment in IVF cycles on intraovarian androgens and cycle outcome.
Observational, pilot study.
University-affiliated IVF unit.
One hundred forty-seven low responder patients with a previous canceled IVF cycle; 71 patients were treated with letrozole 2.5 mg plus a high-dose FSH/hMG-antagonist regimen, and 76 patients were similarly treated but letrozole was not employed.
In vitro fertilization treatment with an antagonist FSH/hMG protocol with or without letrozole was administered during the first 5 days of stimulation; hormones were evaluated in both serum and follicular fluid.
Number of oocytes retrieved, fertilization rate, implantation rate, and pregnancy rate; androstenedione, T, E2, and P values in serum and follicular fluid.
Letrozole-treated patients showed significantly higher levels of follicular fluid T and androstenedione (80.3 vs. 43.8 pg/mL and 57.9 vs. 37.4 mg/mL, respectively). Similarly, these patients had a higher number of oocytes retrieved (6.1 vs. 4.3) and a higher implantation rate (25% vs. 9.4%) despite similar doses of FSH/hMG (3,627 vs. 3,804 IU).
Adding 2.5 mg of letrozole to a high-dose FSH/hMG antagonist protocol increases intraovarian androstenedione and T concentration and improves IVF cycle outcome in poor responder patients.
Fertility and sterility 08/2005; 84(1):82-7. · 3.97 Impact Factor