[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to perform a third cognitive assessment in our pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (MS) patient cohort and determine predictors of the individual cognitive outcome.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The relationship between cord arterial pH (CA-pH) >7.000 and the neonatal outcome is not clear.
To evaluate if asymptomatic infants born with unexpected cord arterial pH (CA-pH) between 7.000 and 7.100 develop clinical, biochemical, and instrumental signs of hypoxic cerebral, renal, and heart failure more frequently than symptomatic infants.
Term infants with CA-pH of 7.000-7.100 and appropriate birth weight were prospectively and consecutively enrolled and classified as asymptomatic, when they had no resuscitation, early respiratory distress or early abnormal neurologic signs, and symptomatic infants. Clinical, biochemical, and instrumental signs of hypoxic cerebral, renal, and heart failure were evaluated in the two groups.
A total of 53 infants were enrolled. Twenty-eight (53%) were asymptomatic. CA-pH was similar in both the groups, while the cTnI serum concentration in the first day of life and the occurrence of poor feeding were higher in the symptomatic than in asymptomatic infants. An arterial lactate level of ≥4.1mmol/l measured in the first hour of life was an independent risk factor for the development of a symptomatic course.
In our population the majority of infants born with a CA-pH between 7.000 and 7.100 were asymptomatic and would not have needed immediate admission to the neonatal care unit. Symptomatic infants showed a higher occurrence of subclinical heart injury and poor feeding.
Early human development 09/2013; 89(12). DOI:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2013.08.012 · 1.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Clinical neurophysiology is both an extension of clinical examination and an integration of neuroimaging. It plays a role in diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Electroencephalography (EEG) and somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) are the most informative neurophysiological tests. Both have a major prognostic role in the hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and traumatic brain injury (TBI). In the former the absence of bilateral cortical SEPs has an unfavorable prognostic significance of 100%, whereas bilateral normal SEPs has uncertain prognostic value. In TBI these SEP patterns have high early prognostic value for both bad and good outcome. Continuous EEG monitoring is indicated for diagnosis and treatment of non convulsive seizures and status epilepticus (NCSE), whereas SEPs are more able to indicate the occurrence of neurological deterioration. In our opinion EEG-SEP monitoring is also valuable for interpretation and management of ICP trends, contributing to optimise treatment in a single patient. The EEG seems to have the same prognostic utility in pediatric as in adult ICU. Recent reviews supported the use of SEPs in the integrated process of outcome prediction after acute brain injury in children. However differences in interpretation are needed and the issue is whether it is possible to establish an age limit over which the prediction of SEPs is similar to that in adults. There are only a few studies of seizure prevalence in pediatric ICU. The variability of frequency of NCSE in comatose children is high as in adults and, similar to the adult, remains unclear the impact on outcome.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) was hypothesized to play a causative role in multiple sclerosis (MS). The assessment of pediatric-onset MS (POMS) may provide a unique window of opportunity to study hypothesized risk factors in close temporal association with the onset of the disease. METHODS: Internal jugular veins, vertebral veins and intracranial veins were evaluated with extracranial and intracranial ultrasound in 15 POMS and 16 healthy controls. Assessor's blinding was maintained during the study. We considered subjects positive to CCSVI when at least two criteria were fulfilled. RESULTS: CCSVI frequency was comparable between POMS and controls (p > 0.05). Clinical features were not significantly different between CCSVI-positive and CCSVI-negative patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings add to previous data pointing against a causative role of CCSVI in MS.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neonatal encephalopathy is a significant cause of infant mortality and morbidity with risk of neurological sequelae in the survivors of neonates admitted to Neonatal (N) Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The EEG and Evoked Potentials (EPs) are very informative in the ICU. In particular, it is known that the SomatoSensory (SS) EPs are the best single indicator of early prognosis in adults and children patients with traumatic and/or hypoxic-ischemic coma compared to the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and CTscan. Most paediatric studies excluded newborns in an attempt to eliminate the age effects, because of the structural and functional immaturity of somatosensory system. In fact, newborns differ from adults and paediatric patients for many aspects: hypoxic-ischemic aetiology, SSEPs normative data, grading and predictive values, timing and techniques recording, clinical scales of evaluation. Recently a diagnostic and predictive role of early SSEPs has been established in perinatal hypoxic-ischemic. We reported a literature review of early diagnostic/prognostic role of SSEPs and our preliminary neurophysiological data of prospective study in mild or severe perinatal hypoxic-ischemic insult.
The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 08/2011; 24 Suppl 1(S1):69-71. DOI:10.3109/14767058.2011.607661 · 1.21 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is limited information on fatigue and its clinical and psychosocial correlates in children and adolescents with multiple sclerosis (MS).
To assess the relationships between fatigue, cognitive functioning and depression in paediatric MS.
The study cohort consisted of patients with MS recruited for an Italian collaborative study on cognitive and psychosocial functioning in paediatric MS. The present assessment included evaluation of fatigue on the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory-Multidimensional Fatigue Scale, cognitive functioning on an extensive neuropsychological battery and depression on the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). A psychiatric interview through the Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version was also administered.
In total, 57 patients with relapsing-remitting MS were compared with 70 healthy controls. Percentages of fatigued patients ranged from 9% to 14% according to self-reports, and from 23% to 39% according to parent reports. Fatigue was significantly related with higher scores on the CDI (p < 0.03). Higher levels of self-reported cognitive fatigue were associated with impaired performance on a problem-solving test, whereas higher levels of parent-reported cognitive fatigue were associated with impairment on tests of verbal learning, processing speed, complex attention and verbal comprehension.
Our data show that fatigue can affect a sizeable proportion of paediatric MS patients, and confirm the association between fatigue and depressive symptoms in MS. They also highlight the difficulties of fatigue assessment in the paediatric population and provide a few clues to further research in the field.