Wen-Shiung Liou

VGHKS Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

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Publications (10)15.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to determine the clinical prognostic factors involved in carcinosarcoma of the ovary, fallopian tube, and peritoneum. This retrospective study was undertaken by the Taiwanese Gynecologic Oncology Group. The retrieved clinical data included demographic characteristics, medical disease, tumor status, extent of surgery, and adjuvant chemotherapy. In total, 63 patients with carcinosarcoma of the ovary, fallopian tube, and peritoneum were identified. Sixty-one patients with complete data were enrolled for further data analysis. The mean follow-up period was 1.0 year, and the mean overall survival was 15.4 months. By log-rank tests, age, menopausal status, parity, hypertension, diabetes, primary tumor size, para-aortic lymph node metastasis, pretreatment CA-125, preceding diagnostic surgery, hysterectomy, lymphadenectomy, other surgeries, and paclitaxel use were not predictive of overall survival.Omentectomy, no gross residual implants after surgery, platinum treatment, and no pelvic lymph node metastasis had a trend toward better survival. Early diagnosis at stage I and cisplatin/ifosfamide regimen were significant associated with a better overall survival in log-rank and simple Cox regression tests. Bilateral ovarian tumors and metastatic tumors larger than 2 cm were significantly associated with a poorer overall survival. Early diagnosis at stage I, unilateral ovarian tumor, metastatic tumors less than 2 cm, and cisplatin/ifosfamide regimen were predictive of a better survival.Omentectomy and complete debulking surgery also showed a trend toward better survival. Thus, these treatment strategies should be applied in patients with carcinosarcoma of the ovary, fallopian tube, and peritoneum.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 03/2014; 24(3):506-12. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) are a cluster of naturally occurring small non-coding RNA molecules of 19-24 nucleotides in length. miRs control gene expression post-transcriptionally by binding to a specific site at the 3'-UTR of target mRNA, which results in mRNA cleavage and translation repression. Nearly 1000 miRs in the human genome have been identified, and it is believed that these miRs contribute to at least 60% of the human transcriptome. Recent research has shown that miRs are emerging as important regulators of cellular differentiation and dedifferentiation. In addition, dysregulation of miR expression may play a fundamental role in the onset, progression and dissemination of cancers. In this review, we focus on some paradigms of miR involvement in tumorigenesis, such as ovarian cancer, and also discuss the relationship between miRs and cancer stem cells.
    Taiwanese journal of obstetrics & gynecology 12/2013; 52(4):465-9.
  • Taiwanese journal of obstetrics & gynecology 09/2013; 52(3):457-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Pterostilbene, found in grapes and berries, exhibits pleiotropic effects, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-proliferative activities. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of pterostilbene on liver fibrosis and the potential underlying mechanism for such effect. Sprague-Dawley rats were intraperitoneally given dimethyl n-nitrosamine (DMN) (10mg/kg) 3days per week for 4weeks. Pterostilbene (10 or 20mg/kg) was administered by oral gavage daily. Liver function, morphology, histochemistry, and fibrotic parameters were examined. Pterostilbene supplementation alleviated the DMN-induced changes in the serum levels of alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase (p<0.05). Fibrotic status and the activation of hepatic stellate cells were improved upon pterostilbene supplementation as evidenced by histopathological examination as well as the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2). These data demonstrated that pterostilbene exhibited hepatoprotective effects on experimental fibrosis, potentially by inhibiting the TGF-β1/Smad signaling.
    Food Chemistry 06/2013; 138(2-3):802-7. · 3.33 Impact Factor
  • Taiwanese journal of obstetrics & gynecology 03/2013; 52(1):135-6.
  • Taiwanese journal of obstetrics & gynecology 03/2013; 52(1):137-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Because of rarity, indolent clinical course, and of most importance, small sample size studies of previous ovarian granulosa cell tumors (GCTs), this study was conducted to report the clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes of 176 pathologically confirmed GCTs. Between 1984 and 2010, we retrospectively evaluated 176 patients from multiple medical centers in Taiwan. The mean age at the diagnosis was 46 years and nearly half of the patients (45.7%) were in their fourth or fifth decades of life. The most common symptoms included abdominal pain (28.5%), followed by irregular menstruation (16.7%). The mean tumor size was 10.4 cm. The stage distribution at diagnosis was stage I in 77.8% of patients, stage II in 5.1%, stages III-V in 6.1%, and unknown in 11% of patients. The median follow-up period was 60.7 months. The recurrence rate was 21%. The overall 5- and 10-year survival rates were 96.5% and 94.1%, respectively. In univariate analysis, initial stage, presence of residual tumor after initial surgery, need for adjuvant chemotherapy, and tumor size were associated with disease recurrence. In the multivariate analysis, only the presence of residual tumor after initial surgery and tumor size were significantly associated with recurrence. The outcomes of patients with GCTs were good, with nearly to 95% of patients surviving 5 and 10 years. The prognosis was related to initial stage, presence of residual tumor after initial surgery, and tumor size (>13.5 cm). Different surgical methods and/or adjuvant therapy appear not to affect the outcome.
    Gynecologic Oncology 02/2012; 124(2):244-9. · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our aims were to investigate the treatment and clinicopathological variables in relation to prognosis in small cell neuroendocrine cervical carcinoma (SCNECC). Clinical data of SCNECC patients with International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stages I-IV treated between 1987 and 2009 at member hospitals of the Taiwanese Gynecologic Oncology Group (TGOG) were retrospectively reviewed. Of the 179 eligible patients, 104 were of FIGO stage I, 19 stage IIA, 23 stage IIB, 9 stage III, and 24 stage IV. The median failure-free survival (FFS) was 16.0 months, and the median cancer-specific survival (CSS) was 24.8 months. In multivariate analysis, FIGO stage and lymph node metastasis were selected as independent variables in stages I-IV. In stages IIB-IVB, primary treatment containing etoposide and platinum for at least 5 cycles (EP5+) (n=16) was associated with significantly better 5-year FFS (42.9% versus 11.8%, p=0.041) and CSS (45.6% versus 17.1%, p=0.035) compared to other treatments (n=40). Furthermore, concurrent chemoradiation with EP5+ (CCRT-EP5+) was associated with even better 5-year FFS (62.5% versus 13.1%, p=0.025) and CSS (75.0% versus 16.9%, p=0.016). FIGO stage and lymph node metastasis are significant prognostic factors in SCNECC. In stages IIB-IVB, CCRT-EP5+ might be the treatment of choice, which could be also true for earlier stages. Despite limitations of a retrospective study spanning a long time period and heterogeneous managements, the results provide an important basis for designing future prospective studies.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 01/2012; 48(10):1484-94. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant melanoma of the vagina, a very rare malignancy, has a notoriously aggressive behavior associated with a high risk of local recurrence and distant metastasis. At present, there are various treatment options for this disease but no standard guideline. We describe a case of a 54-year-old woman with a locally advanced melanoma of the vagina, who underwent radical surgery, biochemotherapy with interferon-α-2b, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and repeat excision of local recurrent lesions and brain metastasis. In conclusion, malignant melanoma of the vagina has a high risk for local recurrence. Repeated local excision followed by biochemotherapy is a tolerable treatment.
    Journal of the Chinese Medical Association 08/2011; 74(8):376-9. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Serum CA-125 has been shown to be a sensitive tumor marker of recurrent ovarian cancer. The goal of this study was to evaluate the use of 2-[F-18]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) in the early detection of recurrent ovarian cancer in patients with low-level increases in serum CA-125 levels. Patients who demonstrated a normalization of serum CA-125 levels after complete remission of ovarian cancer were recruited for this study. FDG-PET/CT was performed to evaluate serum CA-125 levels ≥ 35 U/mL (Group 1) or progressive low-level increases in the levels of serum CA-125 (Group 2). The results were analyzed based on pathology, disease progression, and/or clinical follow-up. Twenty-seven (27) consecutive patients consented to the aforementioned criteria (n = 16 in Group 1 and n = 11 in Group 2). In Group 1, of the 16 patients, 15 had a proven tumor recurrence, and the remaining 1 had a second primary cancer with no evidence of recurrent ovarian lesions. In Group 2, all 11 patients had recurrent tumors. The use of FDG-PET/CT allowed the detection of recurrences in 25 patients and a second primary cancer in 1 patient, which included all of the patients in Group 1 and 10 of the 11 patients in Group 2. The detection rate of FDG-PET/CT for recurrent ovarian cancer was 100% in Group 1 and 90.9% in Group 2 (15/15 vs. 10/11, p = 0.423). FDG-PET/CT changed the intended management in 14 (53.8%) of the patients, which included 4 cases in Group 1 and 10 cases in Group 2. FDG-PET/CT has the ability to detect recurrent ovarian cancer and second primary tumors in patients with increased levels of serum CA-125. FDG-PET/CT affects the clinical management by localizing recurrent lesions and creating a specific treatment plan for each patient, especially patients who demonstrate a low-level increase in serum CA-125 levels.
    Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals 04/2011; 26(2):175-81. · 1.44 Impact Factor