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ABSTRACT: The efficacy and tolerability of a pasteurised human fibrinogen concentrate were assessed in an open, multi-centre, non-controlled retrospective study in patients with congenital fibrinogen deficiency. Haemostatic efficacy was assessed by laboratory investigation and clinical observation. The study included 12 patients (afibrinogenaemia, n = 8; hypofibrinogenaemia, n = 3; dysfibrinogenaemia combined with hypofibrinogenaemia, n = 1). Fibrinogen substitution was indicated: to stop an ongoing bleed; as prophylaxis before surgery; or for routine prophylaxis to prevent spontaneous bleeding. In total, 151 fibrinogen infusions were recorded. The median single dosage was 63.5mg/kg body weight for bleeding events or surgery and 76.9 mg/kg for prophylaxis. The median total dose per event for bleeding events or surgery was 105.6 mg/kg. Fibrinogen was administered in 26 bleeding episodes; 11 surgical operations; and 89 prophylactic infusions, of which 86 were received by one patient. The median response (n = 8) was 1.5 mg/dl per substituted mg of fibrinogen per kg body weight (0.8-2.3). The median in vivo recovery (n = 8) was 59.8% (32.5-93.9). Clinical efficacy was very good in all events with the exception of one surgical procedure, where it was moderate. No intercurrent bleeding occurred during prophylaxis. All but one infusion was well tolerated; the patient, who was administered 86 prophylactic infusions, experienced an anaphylactic reaction after the 56th infusion. In addition, one patient developed deep vein thrombosis and non-fatal pulmonary embolism with treatment for osteosynthesis after collum femoris fracture. Fibrinogen substitution could not be excluded as a contributing factor in this high-risk patient. Substitution with pasteurised human fibrinogen concentrate in patients with congenital fibrinogen deficiencies is efficient and generally well tolerated.
Transfusion and Apheresis Science 07/2005; 32(3):247-53. · 1.23 Impact Factor