Publications (3)15.76 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Sports authorities fear that a new form of doping called gene doping, based on the misuse of gene therapy, represents an emerging important problem and so far no methods are available for detecting it. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has included since 2003 for the first time gene doping methods in the "Prohibited List of Substances and Methods", thus detection of this new form of doping is challenging for analytical chemists. In this work, we apply affinity-based biosensors (ABBs), in particular DNA piezoelectric sensing, for detection of target DNA sequences selected as transgenosis markers. In this work, two sequences widely used in transgenosis experiments have been identified as markers: the enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) gene and the promoter of Cytomegalovirus (CMV). The biosensors are characterized in their analytical performances using synthetic oligonucleotides and amplified DNA obtained from purified plasmid used as a template. Finally they have been applied to transgenic human cell cultures (human embryonic kidney HEK-EGFP), transformed with the same plasmid and carrying the target markers. This represents the closest human real matrix available for our transgenes.Analytical Chemistry 10/2009; 81(23):9571-7. · 5.86 Impact Factor
Article: Detection of fragmented genomic DNA by PCR-free piezoelectric sensing using a denaturation approach.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Label-free and real-time DNA sequence detection in PCR-amplified DNA samples can now be achieved by different approaches. On the contrary, only few works have been reported dealing with direct sequence detection in nonamplified genomic DNA. Here, a piezoelectric biosensor for direct detection of sequences in nonamplified genomic DNA is described. The system relies on real-time and label-free detection of the hybridization reaction between an immobilized probe and the complementary sequence in solution. The DNA probe is immobilized on the sensing surface (10 MHz quartz crystals), while the complementary sequence is present in the genomic DNA, previously fragmented with restriction enzymes.Journal of the American Chemical Society 07/2005; 127(22):7966-7. · 9.91 Impact Factor
Article: Transgenes monitoring in an industrial soybean processing chain by DNA-based conventional approaches and biosensors[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The development of analytical methods for genetically modified organisms (GMO) screening is of great interest. In particular, since even highly processed GMO-derived food products are covered by new European legislations, a great effort has been devoted to the application of the analytical tests to these products.This work describes a polymerase chain reaction-based qualitative screening assay and a biosensor-based approach to detect transgenes in a Roundup Ready® soybean processing line. Roundup Ready® soybean was specifically analyzed in eight types of processed materials – seeds, crushed seeds, expander, crude flour, proteic flour, crude oil, degummed oil and lecithin – all derived from the same initial source and produced during the manufacturing process. Specific combinations of primers were used to differentiate sequences from the whole insert. The amplification of “marker” fragments with a maximum length of 500 bp was successfully achieved both in raw material (seeds) and in partially (crushed seeds, crude and proteic flours) and highly (crude and degummed oils and fluid lecithin) processed materials.Moreover, the extraction procedure was optimised and the polymerase chain reaction-electrophoresis analysis has been implemented by a biosensor-based approach.Food Chemistry.