[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Parent education is an integral component to promoting judicious antibiotic use. Opportunities to educate parents directly are limited. Child care providers are in a position to relay information to parents.
A group-randomized trial assessed the impact of a child care center staff intervention on parental knowledge and attitudes regarding appropriate antibiotic use. A 9-point knowledge score and 3 attitude items were measured.
Surveys were returned by 151 (51%) of 298 intervention center parents and 150 (42%) of 361 control center parents. Intervention center respondents were significantly more likely than control center respondents to be college graduates, non-Hispanic white, and insured. Among college graduates, the median knowledge score was 7.0 at intervention centers and 6.5 at control centers (P<0.01). No significant differences were found in knowledge scores among noncollege educated parents (P=0.11). After adjusting for clustering within child care centers, multivariate analysis demonstrated high knowledge score was associated with white race (P=0.02), being a college graduate (P=0.02), and being in the intervention group (P=0.06).
An appropriate antibiotic use program for child care providers promotes better knowledge among parents of children aged <5 years, particularly among highly educated parents.
WMJ: official publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin 05/2007; 106(2):78-84.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Wisconsin Antibiotic Resistance Network (WARN) was launched in 1999 to educate physicians and the public about judicious antimicrobial drug use. Public education included radio and television advertisements, posters, pamphlets, and presentations at childcare centers. Physician education included mailings, susceptibility reports, practice guidelines, satellite conferences, and presentations. We analyzed antimicrobial prescribing data for primary care physicians in Wisconsin and Minnesota (control state). Antimicrobial prescribing declined 19.8% in Minnesota and 20.4% in Wisconsin from 1998 to 2003. Prescribing by internists declined significantly more in Wisconsin than Minnesota, but the opposite was true for pediatricians. We conclude that the secular trend of declining antimicrobial drug use continued through 2003, but a large-scale educational program did not generate greater reductions in Wisconsin despite improved knowledge. State and local organizations should consider a balanced approach that includes limited statewide educational activities with increasing emphasis on local, provider-level interventions and policy development to promote careful antimicrobial drug use.