[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Object perception requires interpolation processes that connect visible regions despite spatial gaps. Some research has suggested that interpolation may be a 3-D process, but objective performance data and evidence about the conditions leading to interpolation are needed. The authors developed an objective performance paradigm for testing 3-D interpolation and tested a new theory of 3-D contour interpolation, termed 3-D relatability. The theory indicates for a given edge which orientations and positions of other edges in space may be connected to it by interpolation. Results of 5 experiments showed that processing of orientation relations in 3-D relatable displays was superior to processing in 3-D nonrelatable displays and that these effects depended on object formation. 3-D interpolation and 3-D relatabilty are discussed in terms of their implications for computational and neural models of object perception, which have typically been based on 2-D-orientation-sensitive units.
Journal of Experimental Psychology Human Perception & Performance 07/2005; 31(3):558-83. · 3.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Image fragments arising from partial occlusion may be perceptually unified by a surface integration process on the basis of similar color or texture. In a new objective measure pitting surface feature similarity against binocular disparity, observers discriminated whether a colored circle had either crossed or uncrossed disparity relative to a surrounding gray rectangle. Sensitivity to disparity was impaired only when (1) the configuration of the other surface fragments in the display supported the integration of a surface behind the rectangle and circle, and (2) matched the color of the central circle. Results were consistent with the hypothesis that a surface integration process integrated similarly-colored surface fragments into a smooth surface, even when those fragments were at different depths. Surface integration caused small and reliable effects on depth perception despite unambiguous disparity information. Perceived depth does not depend solely upon disparity, and may be determined after three-dimensional figural unity is established.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: New phenomena and results are reported that implicate a common contour interpolation mechanism in illusory and occluded (modal and amodal) object completion. In 3 experiments, a speeded classification task was used to study novel quasimodal displays in which occluded and illusory contours join. Results showed the same advantages in speed and accuracy over control displays for quasimodal, illusory, and occluded displays. The implications of quasimodal displays, along with another new display type in which contour linkages must precede determination of modal or amodal appearance, are considered. These logical considerations and empirical results suggest that amodal and modal completion depend on a common underlying mechanism that connects edges across gaps.
Journal of Experimental Psychology Human Perception & Performance 07/1998; 24(3):859-69. · 3.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previous research on perceptual completion has emphasized how the spatial relationships of edges influence the visual integration of the image fragments that result from partial occlusion. We report studies testing the hypothesis that the similarity of surface features also influences visual integration, complementing edge interpolation processes. Using displays that separated edge interpolation processes from surface-feature interpolation processes, we tested the hypotheses that a surface completion process integrates image fragments with similar surface features, and that surface completion is constrained by amodally interpolated and amodally extended boundaries. Both edge relatability and surface-feature similarity were manipulated in a series of paired-comparison and classification tasks. The results of these studies supported the hypotheses and were extended to surface features of colors, textures, and color gradients. Results also suggest that, under certain conditions, surface completion may interact with and influence edge interpolation.