[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In 2003, we started autologous bone marrow cell infusion (ABM i ) therapy for treating liver cirrhosis. ABM i therapy uses 400 mL of autologous bone marrow obtained under general anesthesia and infused mononuclear cell from peripheral vein. The clinical study expanded and we treated liver cirrhosis induced by HCV and HBV infection and alcohol consumption. We found that the ABM i therapy was effective for cirrhosis patients and now we are treating patients with combined HIV and HCV infection and with metabolic syndrome-induced liver cirrhosis. Currently, in order to substantiate our findings that liver cirrhosis can be successfully treated by the ABM i therapy, we are conducting randomized multi-center clinical studies designated "Advanced medical technology B" for HCV-related liver cirrhosis in Japan. On the basis of our clinical study, we developed a proof-of-concept showing that infusion of bone marrow cells improved liver fibrosis and sequentially activated proliferation of hepatic progenitor cells and hepatocytes, further promoting restoration of liver functions. To treat patients with severe forms of liver cirrhosis, we continued translational research to develop less invasive therapies by using mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow. We obtained a small quantity of bone marrow cells under local anesthesia and expanded them into mesenchymal stem cells that will then be used for treating cirrhosis. In this review, we present our strategy to apply the results of our laboratory research to clinical studies.
Tissue Engineering Part B Reviews 01/2014; 20(3). DOI:10.1089/ten.TEB.2013.0527 · 4.64 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We develop "autologous bone marrow cell infusion (ABMi) therapy" for the treatment of human decompensated liver cirrhosis and confirm the efficacy and safety of this treatment in multicenter clinical studies. With the goal of further expanding the applications of ABMi, we first cultured human bone marrow cells and then determined whether a cell fraction found to be effective in improving liver fibrosis can be amplified. Cells harvested after two passages (P2 cells) consistently contained approximately 94 % mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs); conversely, the cells harvested after only medium change (P0 cells) contained many macrophages. MSCs (2.8 × 10(8)) in P2 cells were harvested from 3.8 × 10(8) bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells after 22 days. DNA-chip analysis also showed during the culturing step that bone marrow-derived cells decreased with macrophage phenotype. The infused 5 × 10(5) P2 cells significantly improved liver fibrosis in the nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient (NOD-SCID) mouse carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) liver cirrhosis model and induced the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and suppressed expressions of alpha smooth muscle actin (αSMA), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) and transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) in the liver. Cultured human bone marrow-derived cells (P2 cells) significantly inhibited liver fibrosis. The increase of MMP-9 and suppressed activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) through the regulation of humoral factors (TNFα and TGFβ) contribute to the improvement of liver fibrosis by MSCs comprising about 94 % of P2 cells. MSCs in cultured human bone marrow-derived mono-nuclear cells (BM-MNCs) proliferate sufficiently in cell therapy, so we believe our cultured bone marrow-derived cell therapy can lead to expanded clinical applications and enable outpatient therapy.
Cell and Tissue Research 10/2013; 354(3). DOI:10.1007/s00441-013-1727-2 · 3.57 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Liver cirrhosis patients generally progress to liver failure. To cure this progressive disease, we developed a novel cell therapy using bone marrow cells; autologous bone marrow cell infusion (ABMi) therapy. We previously described the possible action mechanism of ABMi therapy in the cirrhotic liver, and showed the timeline and results of clinical studies of ABMi therapy. We have also carried out other clinical studies using bone marrow cells and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. Here, we report a new randomized clinical trial to evaluate the effects of ABMi therapy. However, ABMi therapy may not be possible in patients who are unable to undergo general anesthesia; therefore, we have started to develop a next-generation stem cell therapy using cultured mesenchymal stem cells.
Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2012; 47(5):491-7. DOI:10.1007/s00535-012-0580-5 · 4.52 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transcatheter arterial infusion chemotherapy (TAI) using a combination of iodized oil (lipiodol) and degradable starch microspheres (DSMs) has been reported to be superior to TAI with either lipiodol or DSMs separately for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), based on the results of a prospective randomized study. In the study reported here, we investigated the predictors influencing response and survival in HCC patients receiving TAI using lipiodol and DSMs.
A total of 50 HCC patients [Child-Pugh A/B, 34/16 patients; maximum tumor size 2.9 cm (mean); tumor number <5/≥5 = 29/21 patients] were administered a mixture of cisplatin and lipiodol, followed by the injection of DSMs.
According to the criteria of the Liver Cancer Study Group of Japan, the response [complete response (CR) + partial response (PR)] rate and CR rate were 72 and 38%, respectively [CR, 19 patients; PR, 17; stable disease, 9; progressive disease, 5]. The 1-, 2-, 3-, and 4-year cumulative survival rates were 85, 67, 41, and 35%, respectively, and the median survival time was 32.6 months. Multivariate analysis identified tumor number <5 nodules [odds ratio 10.651, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.168-52.317; P = 0.004] as an independent predictor of response and des-γ-carboxyprothrombin level <100 mAU/mL [hazard ratio (HR), 0.268, 95% CI 0.091-0.786, P = 0.017] and therapeutic effect CR or PR (HR 0.255, 95% CI 0.099-0.659; P = 0.005) as independent predictors of survival.
Transcatheter arterial infusion chemotherapy using lipiodol and DSMs might be considered as a potential intervention in HCC patients, especially those with tumors of <5 nodules.
Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2012; 47(6):715-22. DOI:10.1007/s00535-012-0537-8 · 4.52 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We performed a photodynamic therapy for local recurrence after chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer. The patient was a 60s man, who presented dysphasia. Esophagoscopy, CT and FDG-PET revealed an advanced esophageal cancer with mediastinal lymph node metastasis. He rejected a surgical treatment and underwent chemoradiotherapy, then achieved CR once. Subsequent FDG-PET, however, showed slightly FDG uptake at primary focus of the esophagus. Endoscopic biopsy specimen from Lugol's unstained lesion of the esophagus revealed squamous cell carcinoma, and he was diagnosed as a recurrence of the esophageal cancer. He underwent chemotherapy again, but the recurrent lesion enlarged. Because the control of the metastatic lesion was excellent and the recurrent lesion was considered as a superficial cancer, he was performed photodynamic therapy. Two months after photodynamic therapy, the esophagoscopy and FDG-PET showed no findings of the recurrence of the esophageal cancer. It was suggested that photodynamic therapy for local recurrence after definitive chemotherapy for esophageal cancer was effective and relatively safe.
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 11/2009; 36(12):2055-7.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human homologue of maid (HHM) is a helix-loop-helix (HLH) transcriptional regulatory protein that is involved in the hepatic stem cell development and differentiation. We analyzed the potential involvement of HHM in hepatocarcinogenesis.
We analyzed HHM expression in the choline-deficient L-amino acid defined (CDAA) diet model of rat hepatocarcinogenesis and in human adenomatous hyperplasia (AH) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) biopsy samples. We assessed the effects of HHM on cell proliferation. We screened proteins that bind to HHM protein using a yeast 2-hybrid screen.
High HHM expression was seen in foci and HCC induced in the rat CDAA diet model. HHM protein was expressed in 23 of 32 AH samples (72%), 19 of 28 well-differentiated HCC samples (68%), and 9 of 18 poorly-moderately differentiated HCC samples (50%). Over-expressed HHM enhanced the S phase. HHM interference RNA significantly inhibited cell proliferation. A yeast 2-hybrid screen identified Jun activation domain-binding protein 1 (Jab1) as a binding partner for HHM. We confirmed HHM and Jab1 binding by immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescent histochemistry. The expression of Jab1 was found in human AH and HCC samples. We found an association between levels of expression of HHM and those of Jab1 in AH and HCC tissues examined (P = .027 by chi2 test).
High-level HHM expression was found from the very early stages of hepatocarcinogenesis, suggesting that HHM may be a useful marker protein to detect.