Jian Qing

Hehai University, Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (4)11.77 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is a beta-herpesvirus capable of infecting cells from different origin. In this study, infection with HHV-6A of human embryonic fibroblasts (HEFs) was performed. Infected cells showed obvious cytopathic effects (CPE). PCR and immunohistochemical tests also confirmed that HEFs are susceptible to HHV-6A infection. The biological effects of HHV-6A infection on HEFs were studied. Infected cells showed decreased proliferation as measured by [(3)H] thymidine incorporation and cell counting. Further analysis demonstrated that infection with HHV-6A leads to cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase and increasing cell death. This is the first demonstration that infection of HEFs with HHV-6A causes profound alterations of cell properties.
    Journal of Medical Virology 04/2012; 84(4):657-63. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is an important immunosuppressive and immunomodulatory virus that primarily infects immune cells and strongly suppresses the proliferation of infected cells. However, the mechanisms responsible for the regulation and suppression mediated by HHV-6 are still unknown. In this study, we examined the ability of HHV-6A to manipulate cell cycle progression in infected cells and explored the potential molecular mechanisms. We demonstrated that infection with HHV-6A imposed a growth-inhibitory effect on HSB-2 cells by inducing cell cycle arrest at the G(2)/M phase. We then showed that the activity of the Cdc2-cyclin B1 complex was significantly decreased in HHV-6A-infected HSB-2 cells. Furthermore, we found that inactivation of Cdc2-cyclin B1 in HHV-6A-infected cells occurred through the inhibitory Tyr15 phosphorylation resulting from elevated Wee1 expression and inactivated Cdc25C. The reduction of Cdc2-cyclin B1 activity in HHV-6-infected cells was also partly due to the increased expression of the cell cycle-regulatory molecule p21 in a p53-dependent manner. In addition, HHV-6A infection activated the DNA damage checkpoint kinases Chk2 and Chk1. Our data suggest that HHV-6A infection induces G(2)/M arrest in infected T cells via various molecular regulatory mechanisms. These results further demonstrate the potential mechanisms involved in immune suppression and modulation mediated by HHV-6 infection, and they provide new insights relevant to the development of novel vaccines and immunotherapeutic approaches.
    Journal of Virology 07/2011; 85(13):6774-83. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a potential oncogenic herpesvirus, has been found to be associated with several malignancies. It's critical to elicit cellular immunity of the body to fight against EBV-associated tumor development. Using dendritic cells (DCs) loaded with latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A) to elicit T cell response against tumor may be one of the most direct and safest immunotherapy approaches. The present study aimed to develop DCs-based cancer vaccine (DC loaded with LMP2A protein) and study its biological characteristics and immune functions. Purified LMP2A protein was extracted from a cell line L929/LMP2A stably expressing LMP2A. LMP2A could be loaded on DCs with no significant changes of the DC surface markers and cytomorphology. The percentage of DCs loaded with LMP2A was above 80%. LMP2A-loaded DCs markedly enhanced the proliferation of antigen-specific CD8+ T and CD4+ T cells by 3H-TdR incorporation assay. Besides, the specific cytotoxicity of the CTLs against LMP2A target cells was also significantly increased. These results indicated that DC-based vaccine loaded with virus antigen could elicit potent CTL response and provide a foundation for further study on the DC-based immunotherapy for nasopharygeal carcinoma and other EBV associated tumors.
    Cellular & molecular immunology 11/2008; 5(5):365-72. · 3.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) associated malignancies with a Type II latency gene expression pattern, such as Hodgkin's disease, and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), frequently express the EBV antigen latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A). We expected to establish a highly expressing LMP2A yeast cell strain and get the high quality LMP2A protein, which was used for detection, analysis and characterization of its antibodies in various patients' sera of EBV associated malignancies. The plasmid pPICZalphaA-LMP2A containing the full length of LMP2A cDNA was constructed and transformed to Pichia pastoris GS115 to express LMP2A protein. After fermentation and purification, the LMP2A protein was used as an antigen to detect anti-LMP2A antibodies (Abs) in the sera of patients with EBV-associated malignancies in enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or Western-blot. LMP2A was expressed successfully with an expected molecular weight of approximately 54 kD and Abs to LMP2A were strikingly specific to NPC. Two-thirds or more sera from NPC patients were positive for anti-LMP2A immunoglobulin G (IgG) Abs. The antibodies were absent from the sera of other EBV-associated diseases except a small fraction of the gastric carcinoma. Comparing anti-viral capsid Ags (VCA) IgA and LMP2A IgA titers in the sera from 76 NPC patients, only 55% were positive for anti-LMP2A IgA Abs while 70% were positive for anti-VCA IgA. However, we found that 3 sera negative for VCA IgA were positive for LMP2A IgA. The results suggested the potential significance of LMP2A specific Abs for the diagnosis of EBV-associated malignancies, especially NPC.
    Chinese medical journal 06/2005; 118(9):725-30. · 0.90 Impact Factor