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Publications (78)7.73 Total impact

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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We present a search for associated production of Higgs and $W$ bosons in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at a center of mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV in 5.3 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity recorded by the D0 experiment. Multivariate analysis techniques are applied to events containing one lepton, an imbalance in transverse energy, and one or two $b$-tagged jets to discriminate a potential $WH$ signal from standard model backgrounds. We observe good agreement between data and background, and set an upper limit of 4.5(at 95% confidence level and for $m_H=115$ GeV) on the ratio of the $WH$ cross section multiplied by the branching fraction of $H \rightarrow b \bar{b}$ to its standard model prediction. A limit of 4.8 is expected from simulation. Comment: submitted to Physics Letter B
    12/2010;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We report results of a search for particles with anomalously high ionization in events with a high transverse energy jet and large missing transverse energy in $2.4$ fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron $p\bar{p}$ collider. Production of such particles (quirks) is expected in scenarios with extra QCD-like {\it SU(N)} sectors, and this study is the first dedicated search for such signatures. We find no evidence of a signal and set a lower mass limit of 107 ~GeV for the mass of a charged quirk with strong dynamics scale $\Lambda$ in the range from 10 keV to 1 MeV. Comment: submitted to Phys. Rev. Letters
    08/2010;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We report a search for diphoton events with large missing transverse energy produced in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV. The data were collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider, and correspond to 6.3 fb-1 of integrated luminosity. The observed missing transverse energy distribution is well described by the standard model prediction, and 95% C.L. limits are derived on two realizations of theories beyond the standard model. In a gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking scenario, the breaking scale Lambda is excluded for Lambda < 124 TeV. In a universal extra dimension model including gravitational decays, the compactification radius R_c is excluded for R_c-1 < 477 GeV. Comment: Submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett
    08/2010;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We present a search for flavor changing neutral currents via quark-gluon couplings in a sample of single top quark final states corresponding to 2.3 fb^-1 of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We select events containing a single top quark candidates with an additional jet, and obtain separation between signal and background using Bayesian neural networks. We find consistency between background expectation and observed data, and set limits on flavor changing neutral current gluon couplings of the top quark to up quarks (tgu) and charm quarks (tgc). The cross section limits at the 95% C.L. are sigma_tgu<0.20pb and sigma_tgc<0.27pb. These correspond to limits on the top quark decay branching fractions of B(t->gu)<2.0*10^-4 and B(t->gc)<3.9*10^-3. Comment: published by Phys. Lett. B
    06/2010;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. M. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We report results from a search for production of a neutral Higgs boson in association with a $b$ quark. We search for Higgs decays to $\tau$ pairs with one $\tau$ subsequently decaying to a muon and the other to hadrons. The data correspond to 2.7fb$^{-1}$ of $\ppbar$ collisions recorded by the D0 detector at $\sqrt{s} = 1.96$TeV. The data are found to be consistent with background predictions. The result allows us to exclude a significant region of parameter space of the minimal supersymmetric model. Comment: Submitted to Phys. Rev. Letters
    12/2009;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We present a direct measurement of the width of the W boson using the shape of the transverse mass distribution of W->enu candidates selected in 1 fb-1 of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider in ppbar collisions at sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV. We use the same methods and data sample that were used for our recently published W boson mass measurement, except for the modeling of the recoil, which is done with a new method based on a recoil library. Our result, 2.028 +- 0.072 GeV, is in agreement with the predictions of the standard model. Comment: 7 pages, 1 figure, published in Phys. Rev. Lett
    09/2009;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We present a search for charged Higgs bosons in top quark decays. We analyze the \eplus, \muplus, $ee$, $e\mu$, $\mu\mu$, \etau and \mutau final states from top quark pair production events, using data from about 1${\text{fb}}^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity recorded by the \dzero experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We consider different scenarios of possible charged Higgs boson decays, one where the charged Higgs boson decays purely hadronically into a charm and a strange quark, another where it decays into a $\tau$ lepton and a $\tau$ neutrino and a third one where both decays appear. We extract limits on the branching ratio $B(t\to H^+ b)$ for all these models. We use two methods, one where the $t\bar{t}$ production cross section is fixed, and one where the cross section is fitted simultaneously with $B(t\to H^+b)$. Based on the extracted limits, we exclude regions in the charged Higgs boson mass and $\tan \beta$ parameter space for different scenarios of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. Comment: 10 pages, 8 figures, submitted to PLB
    08/2009;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: The D0 collaboration reports direct evidence for electroweak production of single top quarks through the t-channel exchange of a virtual W boson. This is the first analysis to isolate an individual single top quark production channel. We select events containing an isolated electron or muon, missing transverse energy, and two, three or four jets from 2.3 fb^-1 of ppbar collisions at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. One or two of the jets are identified as containing a b hadron. We combine three multivariate techniques optimized for the t-channel process to measure the t- and s-channel cross sections simultaneously. We measure cross sections of 3.14 +0.94 -0.80 pb for the t-channel and 1.05 +-0.81 pb for the s-channel. The measured t-channel result is found to have a significance of 4.8 standard deviations and is consistent with the standard model prediction. Comment: 7 pages, 6 figures
    07/2009;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We present a measurement of the mass difference between t and tbar quarks observed in lepton+jets final states of ttbar events in 1 fb-1 of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV. The observed mass difference of 3.8+-3.7 GeV is consistent with the equality of t and tbar masses. This is the first direct measurement of a mass difference between a quark and its antiquark partner. Comment: submitted to Phys. Rev. Letters
    06/2009;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We search for a new light gauge boson, a dark photon, with the D0 experiment. In the model we consider, supersymmetric partners are pair produced and cascade to lightest neutralinos that can decay into the hidden sector state plus either a photon or a dark photon. The dark photon decays through its mixing with a photon into fermion pairs. We therefore investigate a previously unexplored final state that contains a photon, two spatially close leptons, and large missing transverse energy. We do not observe any evidence for dark photons and set a limit on their production. Comment: submitted to PRL
    05/2009;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We present measurements of the top quark mass in ttbar candidate events with two final state leptons using 1 inverse fb of data collected by the D0 experiment. Our data sample is selected by requiring two fully identified leptons or by relaxing one lepton requirement to an isolated track if at least one jet is tagged as a b jet. The top quark mass is extracted after reconstructing the event kinematics under the ttbar hypothesis using two methods. In the first method, we integrate over expected neutrino rapidity distributions, and in the second we calculate a weight for the possible top quark masses based on the observed particle momenta and the known parton distribution functions. We analyze 83 candidate events in data and obtain m_t = 176.2 +/- 4.8 (stat) +/- 2.1 (sys) GeV and m_t = 173.2 +/- 4.9 (stat) +/- 2.0 (sys) GeV for the two methods, respectively. Accounting for correlations between the two methods, we combine the measurements to obtain m_t = 174.7 +/- 4.4 (stat) +/- 2.0 (sys) GeV. Comment: 22 pages, 11 figures, subm. to Phys. Rev. D
    04/2009;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We combine measurements of the top quark pair production cross section in ppbar collisions in the l+jets, ll and tau-l final states (where l is an electron or muon) at a center of mass energy of sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV in 1fb^{-1} of data collected with the D0 detector. For a top quark mass of 170 GeV, we obtain sigma_ttbar=8.18^{+0.98}_{-0.87} pb. In addition, the ratios of ttbar cross sections in different final states are used to set upper limits on the branching fractions B(t -> H^{+}b -> tau nu b) and B(t -> H^{+}b -> c sbar b) as a function of charged Higgs boson mass. Based on predictions from higher order quantum chromodynamics, we extract a mass for the top quark from the combined ttbar cross section. Comment: 8 pages, 4 figures
    03/2009;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We present a search for the standard model Higgs boson using hadronically decaying tau leptons, in 1 inverse femtobarn of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron ppbar collider. We select two final states: tau plus missing transverse energy and b jets, and tau+ tau- plus jets. These final states are sensitive to a combination of associated W/Z boson plus Higgs boson, vector boson fusion and gluon-gluon fusion production processes. The observed ratio of the combined limit on the Higgs production cross section at the 95% C.L. to the standard model expectation is 29 for a Higgs boson mass of 115 GeV. Comment: publication version
    03/2009;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We report results of a search for the pair production of the lightest supersymmetric partner of the top quark using 1 fb-1 of data collected by the D0 detector at a ppbar center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Both scalar top quarks are assumed to decay into a b quark, a charged lepton and a scalar neutrino. The search is performed in the electron plus muon and dielectron final states. The signal topology consists of two isolated leptons, missing transverse energy, and jets. We find no evidence for this process and exclude regions of parameter space in the framework of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. Comment: Submitted to Phys. Lett. B
    11/2008;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. M. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We present the first evidence of WW+WZ production with lepton+jets final states at a hadron collider. The data correspond to 1.07 inverse femtobarns of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider in proton-antiproton collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV. The observed cross section for WW+WZ production is 20.2 +/- 4.5 pb, consistent with the SM prediction of 16.1 +/- 0.9 pb. The probability for background fluctuations to produce an excess equal to or larger than that observed is estimated to be 5.4e-6, corresponding to a significance of 4.4 standard deviations. Comment: 11 pages, 4 figures, 3 tables, published in Physical Review Letters, updated to published version
    10/2008;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We search for charged massive long-lived particles using 1.1 fb$^{-1}$ of data collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron $p\bar{p}$ Collider. Time-of-flight information is used to search for pair produced long-lived tau sleptons, gaugino-like charginos, and higgsino-like charginos. We find no evidence of a signal and set 95% C.L. cross section upper limits for staus, which vary from 0.31pb to 0.04pb for stau masses between 60 GeV and 300 GeV. We also set lower mass limits of 206 GeV (171 GeV) for pair produced charged gauginos (higgsinos). Comment: To be submitted to Phys. Rev. Letters, V2: updated the figures and references, V3: final version submitted to PRL and changes in title and abstracts from "stable" to "long-lived"
    09/2008;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: In this Letter we report on a search for long-lived particles that decay into final states with two electrons or photons. Such long-lived particles arise in a variety of theoretical models, like hidden valleys and supersymmetry with gauge-mediated breaking. By precisely reconstructing the direction of the electromagnetic shower we are able to probe much longer lifetimes than previously explored. We see no evidence of the existence of such long-lived particles and interpret this search as a quasi model-independent limit on their production cross section, as well as a limit on a long-lived fourth generation quark.
    07/2008;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a search for production of a charged Higgs boson, q \bar{q'} -> H^+, reconstructed in the t\bar{b} final state in the mass range 180 <= M_{H^+} <= 300 GeV. The search was undertaken at the Fermilab Tevatron collider with a center-of-mass energy sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV and uses 0.9 fb^{-1} of data collected with the D0 detector. We find no evidence for charged Higgs boson production and set upper limits on the production cross section in the Types I, II and III two-Higgs-doublet models (2HDMs). An excluded region in the (M_{H^+},tan\beta) plane for Type I 2HDM is presented. Comment: Submitted to Phys. Rev. Letters
    07/2008;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We report on a study of the relative rates of B meson decays into psi(2S) and J/psi mesons using 1.3 fb^-1 of pbar p collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV recorded by the D0 detector operating at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We observe the channels B^0_s -> psi(2S)phi, B^0_s -> J/psi phi, B^+/- -> psi(2S) K^+/-, and B^+/- -> J/psi K^+/- and we measure the relative branching fractions for these channels to be B(B^0_s -> psi(2S)phi)/B(B^0_s -> J/psi phi) = 0.55 +/- 0.11 (stat) +/- 0.07 (syst) +/- 0.06 (B), B(B^+/- -> psi(2S) K^+/-)/B(B^+/- -> J/psi K^+/-) = 0.65 +/- 0.04 (stat) +/- 0.03 (syst) +/- 0.07 (B) where the final error corresponds to the uncertainty in the J/psi and psi(2S) branching ratio into two muons. Comment: Published in Phys. Rev. D - Rapid Communication
    05/2008;
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    D0 Collaboration, V. M. Abazov
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    ABSTRACT: We present a measurement of the fraction of inclusive $W$+jets events produced with net charm quantum number $\pm1$, denoted $W$+$c$-jet, in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV using approximately 1~fb$^{-1}$ of data collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We identify the $W$+jets events via the leptonic $W$ boson decays. Candidate $W$+$c$-jet events are selected by requiring a jet containing a muon in association with a reconstructed $W$ boson and exploiting the charge correlation between this muon and $W$ boson decay lepton to perform a nearly model-independent background subtraction. We measure the fraction of $W$+$c$-jet events in the inclusive $W$+jets sample for jet $p_{T}>20$ GeV and pseudorapidity $|\eta|<2.5$ to be 0.074$\pm0.019$(stat.)$\pm^{0.012}_{0.014}$(syst.), in agreement with theoretical predictions. The probability that background fluctuations could produce the observed fraction of $W$+$c$-jet events is estimated to be $2.5\times 10^{-4}$, which corresponds to a 3.5 $\sigma$ statistical significance.
    04/2008;