[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An essential component of functional articular cartilage tissue engineering is a mechano-active scaffold, which responds to applied compression stress and causes little permanent deformation. As the first paper of a series on mechano-active scaffold-based cartilage tissue engineering, this study focused on mechanical responses to various modes of loading of compression forces and subsequent selection of mechano-active scaffolds from the biomechanical viewpoint. Scaffolds made of elastomeric microporous poly(L-lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone) (PLCL) with open-cell structured pores (300 approximately 500 microm) and with different porosities ranging from 71 to 86% were used. The PLCL sponges and rabbit articular cartilage tissue were subjected to compression/unloading tests (0.1 and 0.005 Hz) at 5 kPa, and stress relaxation tests at 10, 30, and 50% strain. The measurements of the maximum strain under loading and residual strain under unloading for compression tests and the maximum stress and equilibrium stress in the stress relaxation test showed that the lower the porosity, the closer the mechanical properties are to those of native cartilage tissue. Among the PLCL sponges, the sponge with 71% porosity appears to be a suitable cartilage scaffold.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To fabricate a "mechano-active" tubular scaffold of nonwoven mesh-type small-diameter artificial graft made of the synthetic durable elastomer, segmented polyurethane, the fabrication technique of electrospinning on a mandrel under a high rotation speed and transverse movement was used. Emphasis was placed on how the rotation speed of the mandrel and the fusion or welding states of fibers at contact points affect the compliance (ease of intraluminal pressure-dependent circumferential inflation) and Young's modulus determined by uniaxial stretching in the longitudinal and circumferential directions. The results showed that a high rotation speed is attributed to exhibit isotropic mechanical properties in the entire range of applied strain but reduces the compliance, and a high fusion state, which is produced using a mixed solvent with a high content of high-boiling-point solvent, reduces the compliance but is expected to exhibit high durability in a continuously loaded pulsatile stress field in an arterial circulatory system.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 05/2005; 73(1):125-31. · 2.83 Impact Factor