ABSTRACT: It was our aim to investigate effects of human LDL, copper-, or AAPH-oxidized over different periods of time to different degrees (ox-LDL), on viability and electrophysiological parameters of isolated ventricular myocytes of guinea pigs.
Guinea pig ventricular myocytes were incubated with ox-LDL or native LDL (at 0.5 mg/ml) for 12 h, and afterwards myocyte damage, action potentials, and transmembrane ion currents were studied (at 37 degrees C).
Ox-LDL was found to induce severe myocyte damage, whereas native LDL had no effect. Myocyte damage was dependent on the content of total lipid hydroperoxides in both copper-oxidized and AAPH-oxidized LDL. Incubation with ox-LDL led to intense contractile and electrophysiological effects including prolongation of action potential duration, depolarization of resting membrane potential, spontaneous activity, generation of afterdepolarizations, and modification of transmembrane ion currents (e.g. inward rectifier, calcium, and background currents).
Ox-LDL induced cell damage and irregular electrical activity in ventricular myocytes. These effects were dependent on the lipid hydroperoxide content of ox-LDL and were similar to oxidative stress (OS) induced by various OS-generating systems. The observed effects may play a role for functional cardiac abnormalities in patients with increased ox-LDL levels.
Cardiovascular Research 05/2005; 66(1):74-83. · 6.06 Impact Factor