ABSTRACT: To investigate whether vestibular rehabilitation for patients with whiplash-associated disorder and dizziness had any effect on balance measures and self-perceived handicap.
Randomized, controlled trial.
Twenty-nine patients, 20 women and 9 men, age range 22-76 years.
The patients were randomized to an intervention group or a control group. The intervention comprised vestibular rehabilitation. All patients were assessed at baseline, after 6 weeks and after 3 months with 4 different balance measures and the Dizziness Handicap Inventory.
After 6 weeks, the intervention group showed statistically significant improvements compared with the control group in the following measures: standing on one leg eyes open (p=0.02), blindfolded tandem stance (p=0.045), Dizziness Handicap Inventory total score (p=0.047), Dizziness Handicap Inventory functional score (p=0.005) and in Dizziness Handicap Inventory physical score (p=0.033). After 3 months, the intervention group showed statistically significant improvements compared with the control group in the following measures: standing on one leg eyes open (p=0.000), tandem stance (p=0.033) and Dizziness Handicap Inventory physical score (p=0.04).
Vestibular rehabilitation for patients with whiplash-associated disorder can decrease self-perceived handicap and increase postural control.
Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 12/2006; 38(6):387-90. · 2.05 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Fall risk assessment is important because the consequences, such as a fracture, may be devastating. The objective of this study was to find the test or tests that best predicted falls in a population-based sample of elderly women.
The fall-predictive ability of a questionnaire, a subjective estimate of biologic age and objective functional tests (gait, balance [Romberg and sway test], thigh muscle strength, and visual acuity) were compared in 984 randomly selected women, all 75 years of age.
A recalled fall was the most important predictor for future falls. Only recalled falls and intake of psycho-active drugs independently predicted future falls. Women with at least five of the most important fall predictors (previous falls, conditions affecting the balance, tendency to fall, intake of psychoactive medication, inability to stand on one leg, high biologic age) had an odds ratio of 11.27 (95% confidence interval 4.61-27.60) for a fall (sensitivity 70%, specificity 79%).
The more time-consuming objective functional tests were of limited importance for fall prediction. A simple clinical history, the inability to stand on one leg, and a subjective estimate of biologic age were more important as part of the fall risk assessment.
Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 04/2005; 58(3):226-32. · 4.27 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: High biological age, or frailty, a possible risk factor for fragility fracture, and its relation to known risk factors for fracture (low bone mineral density (BMD), low muscle strength, poor gait performance and poor balance, previous falls, previous fractures and future risk of falls) were investigated in 993 randomly selected 75-year-old women. Frailty, which has no accepted definition, was here defined as a subjective immediate impression of an individual's general health appearance and was transferred into an arbitrary scale. 993 individuals were scored by at least one of four observers.
The frailty score and BMD were not correlated. A high frailty score was significantly correlated to poor gait (r = 0.53-0.59, p < 0.0001), poor balance (r = -0.49, p < 0.0001), low muscle strength (r = -0.25 to -0.41, p < 0.0001), low activity level (r = -0.43, p < 0.0001) and a high risk of falling (r = 0.24, p < 0.0001). The group of women who had experienced at least one fall the previous year had a higher frailty score (p < 0.0001) compared to those who had not. Women who had sustained a hip or femoral fracture after the age of 70 had a higher frailty score than women with no earlier fracture at all.
Bone mass cannot be predicted by our subjective frailty score in elderly, ambulant women. Since a high frailty score correlates with factors that affect or are likely to affect fall propensity, this could indicate that a high frailty score is a risk factor for fracture, independent of bone mass. Frailty may be regarded as a complex risk factor, including several assessments that can be objectively measured. Whether estimation of frailty is a method to improve the assessment of the patient at risk for a fragility fracture is yet to be proven and can only be shown in a prospective study of fracture occurrence.
Gerontology 49(3):168-72. · 2.78 Impact Factor