Rosalba Giannini

University of Florence, Florence, Tuscany, Italy

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Publications (3)11.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Bacterial contamination may seriously compromise successful implant osteointegration in the clinical practice of dental implantology. Several methods for eliminating bacteria from the infected implants have been proposed, but none of them have been shown to be an effective tool in the treatment of peri-implantitis. In the present study, we investigated the efficacy of pulsed neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser irradiation (Nd:YAG) in achieving bacterial ablation while preserving the surface properties of titanium implants. For this purpose, suspensions of Escherichia coli or Actinobacillus (Haemophilus) actinomycetemcomitans were irradiated with different laser parameters, both streaked on titanium implants, and in broth medium. It was found, by light and atomic force microscopy, that Nd:YAG laser, when used with proper working parameters, was able to bring about a consistent microbial ablation of both aerobic and anaerobic species, without damaging the titanium surface.
    Clinical Oral Implants Research 01/2007; 17(6):638-43. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive lipid that is abundantly present in the serum and mediates multiple biological responses. With the aim of extending our knowledge on the role played by S1P in the regulation of cytoskeletal reorganization, native as well as C2C12 myoblasts stably transfected with green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged alpha- and beta-actin constructs were stimulated with S1P (1 microM) and observed under confocal and multiphoton microscopes. The addition of S1P induced the appearance of actin stress fibres and focal adhesions through Rho- and phospholipase D (PLD)-mediated pathways. The cytoskeletal response was dependent on the extracellular action of S1P through its specific surface receptors, since the intracellular delivery of the sphingolipid by microinjection was unable to modify the actin cytoskeletal assembly. Interestingly, it was revealed by whole-cell patch-clamp that S1P-induced stress fibre formation was associated with increased ion currents and conductance through stretch-activated channels (SACs), thereby suggesting a possible regulatory role for organized actin in channel sensitivity. Experiments aimed at stretching the plasma membrane of C2C12 cells, using the cantilever of an atomic force microscope, indicated that there was a Ca2+ influx through putative SACs. In conclusion, the present data suggest novel mechanisms of S1P signalling involving actin cytoskeletal reorganization and Ca2+ elevation through SACs that might influence myoblastic functions.
    Journal of Cell Science 04/2005; 118(Pt 6):1161-71. · 5.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a lipid mediator, which affects many essential processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation and contraction in many cell types. We have previously demonstrated that the lipid mediator elicits Ca(2+) transients in a myoblastic cell line (C2C12) by interacting with its specific receptors (S1PR(s)). In the present study, we wanted to correlate the Ca(2+) response with activation of myoblastic cell contractility. C2C12 cells were first investigated for the expression and cellular organization of cytoskeletal proteins by immunoconfocal microscopy. We found that myoblasts exhibited a quite immature cytoskeleton, with filamentous actin dispersed as a web-like structure within the cytoplasm. To evaluate intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization, the cells were loaded with a fluorescent Ca(2+) indicator (Fluo-3), stimulated with S1P and simultaneously observed with differential interference contrast and fluorescence optics. Exogenous S1P-induced myoblastic cell contraction was temporally unrelated to S1P-induced intracellular Ca(2+) increase; cell contraction occurred within 5-8 s from stimulation, whereas intracellular Ca(2+) increase was evident only after 15-25 s. To support the Ca(2+) independence of myoblastic cell contraction, the cells were pretreated with a Ca(2+) chelator, BAPTA/AM, prior to stimulation with S1P. In these experimental conditions, the myoblasts were still able to contract, whereas the S1P-induced Ca(2+) transients were completely abolished. On the contrary, when C2C12 cells were induced to differentiate into skeletal myotubes, they responded to S1P with a rapid cell contraction concurrent with an increase in the intracellular Ca(2+). These data suggest that Ca(2+)-independent mechanism of cell contraction may be replaced by Ca(2+)-dependent ones during skeletal muscle differentiation.
    Cells Tissues Organs 02/2004; 178(3):129-38. · 1.96 Impact Factor