Jacoline E C Bromberg

Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands

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Publications (15)101.93 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Several lines of evidence suggest a T cell-mediated immune response in paraneoplastic neurological syndromes with anti-Hu antibodies (Hu-PNS). In order to investigate whether suppression of T cell-mediated immune responses in Hu-PNS patients improved their neurological outcome, we performed a prospective open-label, single-arm study on sirolimus.
    Neuro-oncology. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The benefit of intrathecal therapy and systemic rituximab on the outcome of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma at risk of central nervous system disease is controversial. Furthermore, the effect of intrathecal treatment and rituximab in diffuse large B-cell and Burkitt lymphoma with occult leptomeningeal disease detected by flow cytometry at diagnosis is unknown. Untreated diffuse large B-cell (n=246) and Burkitt (n=80) lymphoma at clinical risk of central nervous system disease and had pretreatment cerebrospinal fluid analyzed by flow cytometry and and cytology. Spinal fluid involvement was detected by flow cytometry alone (occult) in 33 (13%) diffuse large B-cell and 9 (11%) Burkitt lymphoma patients, and detected by cytology in 11 (4.5%) and 5 (6%) patients, respectively. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with occult spinal fluid involvement had poorer survival (p=0.0001) and freedom from central nervous system relapse (p<0.0001) compared to negative cases. Burkitt lymphoma with occult spinal fluid involvement had an inferior freedom from central nervous system relapse (p=0.026) but not survival. The amount of intrathecal chemotherapy was quantitatively associated with survival in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with (p=0.02) and without (p=0.001) occult spinal fluid involvement. However, progression of systemic disease and not control of central nervous system disease was the principal cause of treatment failure. In diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, systemic rituximab was associated with improved freedom from central nervous system relapse (p=0.003) but not survival. Our results suggest that patients at risk of central nervous system disease should be evaluated by flow cytometry and that intrathecal prophylaxis/therapy is beneficial.
    Haematologica 04/2014; · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Flow cytometry is a sensitive method for detection of leptomeningeal localizations of hematological malignancies (LHM) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Rapid processing of CSF is needed, as leukocyte numbers appear to decline quickly after lumbar puncture. The cell-stabilizing agent TransFix™ may enhance the detection of LHM in CSF by preventing cellular loss. To study the effects of TransFix on leukocyte numbers and the detection of LHM, we prospectively collected 99 CSF samples from patients with suspected or proven LHM in tubes with (i) TransFix; (ii) serum-containing medium; and (iii) no cell-stabilizing agents (native CSF). Presence of LHM and absolute leukocyte numbers were determined by flow cytometry after 30 minutes and 18 hours of storage. Leukocyte numbers in TransFix-stabilized CSF were higher than in the corresponding native samples at both time points (1.4× and 2.3× respectively, P < 0.0001 on each occasion). After 18 hours of storage, TransFix enhanced the detection of LHM in CSF. In all discordant paired observations (13/99, P = 0.005), the level of suspicion (classified as positive, suspicious, or negative) in CSF with TransFix was higher than in native CSF. We conclude that the use of TransFix-containing CSF storage tubes prevents cellular loss and enhances flow cytometric detection of LHM after 18 hours of storage. © 2013 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.
    Cytometry Part B Clinical Cytometry 05/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Primary intracranial germ-cell tumors are rare tumors primarily of adolescence, and literature on this disease in adults is scarce. The available evidence on intracranial germ-cell tumors is reviewed with a focus on adult patients whenever possible, and used to make suggestions for diagnosis and treatment. Diagnostic and treatment algorithms were developed to provide an evidence-based backbone to base treatment on in adult patients with a (suspected) primary intracranial germ-cell tumor.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 03/2013; · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Autologous stem cell transplantation has greatly improved prognosis in systemic recurrent non-Hodgkin lymphoma. However, for systemic lymphoma relapsing in the central nervous system no prospective data are available concerning feasibility and efficacy. Therefore we performed an international multicenter retrospective study of patients with a central nervous system recurrence of systemic lymphoma to assess the outcome of these patients in the era of stem cell transplantation. Design and Methods. We collected clinical and treatment data on patients with a first central nervous system recurrence of systemic lymphoma treated between 2000 and 2010 in one of five centres in four countries. Patient- and treatment-related factors were analyzed and compared descriptively. Primary outcome measures were overall survival and percentage of patients transplanted. Results. We identified 92 patients, with a median age of 59 years and a median Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group/World health Organization performance status of 2, of whom 76% had diffuse large B-cell histology. The majority (79%) was treated with systemic chemotherapy with or without intravenous rituximab. Twenty-seven patients (29%) were transplanted; age and insufficient response to induction chemotherapy were the main reasons for not being transplanted in the remaining 65 patients. Median overall survival was 7 months (95% confidence interval 2.6-11.4); 8 months (95% confidence interval 3.8-5.2) for patients ≤ 65 years. One year survival was 34.8%; of the 27 transplanted patients 62% survived more than 1 year. The Memorial Sloan Kettering Prognostic Index for primary central nervous system lymphoma was prognostic for both achieving transplantation and survival. Conclusions. Despite the availability of autologous stem cell transplantation for patients with central nervous system progression or relapse of systemic lymphoma, prognosis is still poor. Long-term survival is, however, possible and more likely in patients able to undergo stem cell transplantation.
    Haematologica 11/2012; · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    Martin J van den Bent, Tom J Snijders, Jacoline E C Bromberg
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    ABSTRACT: Low grade gliomas affect predominantly young adults, and have a relatively favorable prognosis compared to grade III and grade IV gliomas. The challenge for an optimal management of these patients is to find the balance between an optimal survival and the preservation of neurological function including cognition. Because all medical treatments may induce side effects, in young and nearly asymptomatic patients the choices can be difficult. This review summarizes the current strategies: a watch-and-wait policy, surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy.
    memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology 09/2012; 5(3):223-227.
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    ABSTRACT: Alternative temozolomide regimens have been proposed to overcome O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase mediated resistance. We investigated the efficacy and tolerability of 1 week on/1 week off temozolomide (ddTMZ) regimen in a cohort of patients treated with ddTMZ between 2005 and 2011 for the progression of a glioblastoma during or after chemo-radiation with temozolomide or a recurrence of another type of glioma after radiotherapy and at least one line of chemotherapy. Patients received ddTMZ at 100-150 mg/m(2)/d (days 1-7 and 15-21 in cycles of 28-days). All patients had a contrast enhancing lesion on MRI and the response was assessed by MRI using the RANO criteria; complete and partial responses were considered objective responses. Fifty-three patients were included. The median number of cycles of ddTMZ was 4 (range 1-12). Eight patients discontinued chemotherapy because of toxicity. Two of 24 patients with a progressive glioblastoma had an objective response; progression free survival at 6 months (PFS-6) in glioblastoma was 29%. Three of the 16 patients with a recurrent WHO grade 2 or 3 astrocytoma or oligodendroglioma or oligo-astrocytoma without combined 1p and 19q loss had an objective response and PFS-6 in these patients was 38%. Four out of the 12 evaluable patients with a recurrent WHO grade 2 or 3 oligodendroglioma or oligo-astrocytoma with combined 1p and 19q loss had an objective response; PFS-6 in these patients was 62%. This study indicates that ddTMZ is safe and effective in recurrent glioma, despite previous temozolomide and/or nitrosourea chemotherapy. Our data do not suggest superior efficacy of this schedule as compared to the standard day 1-5 every 4 weeks schedule.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 03/2012; 108(1):195-200. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • Jacoline E.C. Bromberg, Warren P. Mason
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    ABSTRACT: The increasing use of hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) for the treatment of leukemia and lymphoma has subjected patients with these diseases to a variety of neurologic complications, some of which have been described only in the transplant population. Neurologic complications differ in patients receiving autologous versus allogenic HSCT, and the spectrum of possible complications changes during the course of HSCT. Neurologic complications of HSCT are frequently serious, difficult to diagnose and treat, and a source of considerable morbidity and mortality. Knowledge of possible explanations for neurologic symptoms and signs in patients receiving HSCT can accelerate an accurate diagnosis and timely therapeutic intervention.
    12/2011: pages 383-396;
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    ABSTRACT: Only a few studies examined the effect of temozolomide (TMZ) in recurrent low-grade astrocytoma (LGA) after surgery, none of which included a homogeneous and sufficiently sized group of patients with progression after radiotherapy (RT). We evaluated a cohort of 58 patients treated with TMZ for progression after RT of a previous LGA and investigated the relation between outcome and mutations in the IDH1, IDH2, and TP53 genes, O⁶-methylguanine-methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation, trisomy of chromosome 7, and loss of chromosomes 1p and 19q. All patients received first-line TMZ 200 mg/m²/day on days 1-5 every 4 weeks for a progressive LGA with a contrast-enhancing lesion on MRI after RT. Six months progression-free survival (PFS) was 67%, and the median overall survival was 14 months. An objective response was obtained in 54%. TP53 mutations and loss of chromosome 19q showed a borderline association with PFS, but none of the other molecular characteristics were correlated with the outcome to TMZ. Both a methylated MGMT promoter gene and IDH1 mutations were found in 86% of the tumor samples. A correlation was found between IDH1 mutations and MGMT promoter methylation (P < .001). Neither MGMT promoter methylation nor IDH1 mutations correlated with PFS, but the interval between the very first symptom of the LGA and the start of the TMZ was significantly longer in the patients with IDH1 mutations (P = .01) and a methylated MGMT promoter (P = .02). We conclude that MGMT promoter methylation and IDH1 mutations seem to predict survival from the time of diagnosis, but not PFS to TMZ.
    Neuro-Oncology 02/2011; 13(2):235-41. · 6.18 Impact Factor
  • Jacoline E.C. Bromberg, Martin J. van den Bent
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    ABSTRACT: Until some 15 years ago, the diagnosis of an anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AOD) or anaplastic oligoastrocytoma (AOA) was merely a pathological entity. The only clinically relevant meaning of this histological diagnosis was the observation that in general the prognosis of OD was better than that of astrocytic tumors of similar grade. This changed with the recognition of the marked sensitivity of these tumors to procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV) chemotherapy [1,2]. A major step forward was the identification of the combined loss of the short arm of chromosome 1 (1p) and the long arm of chromosome 19 (19q) as the typical genetic lesions of OD, followed by the recognition that in particular these 1p/19q co-deleted tumors have an excellent response to chemotherapy [3–5]. It is now clear that AOD and AOA with this combined loss of 1p/19q do not only have a better response to chemotherapy, but they also have a more indolent clinical behavior and a longer lasting response to radiotherapy (RT). KeywordsAnaplastic oligodendroglioma-Anaplastic oligoastrocytoma-1p/19q co-deletion- IDH1 -Temozolomide-PCV
    12/2010: pages 233-248;
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    ABSTRACT: Elderly patients with primary central nervous ystem lymphoma (PCNSL) do not tolerate treatment with combined radio-chemotherapy well because of leuco-encephalopathy; they are usually treated initially with chemotherapy or radiotherapy alone. Little is known about the efficacy and toxicity of these treatments outside clinical studies. This study was a retrospective analysis of all patients aged 60 years or over who were admitted with PCNSL to one of five Dutch centers between 1998 and 2007. A total of 74 patients were identified. Twenty-nine were treated with radiotherapy only (Group A), in 36 the intended treatment was chemotherapy alone (Group B), and nine were planned to receive chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy (Group C). Median overall survival was 20 months; 4 months in patients with a Karnofsky performance status (KPS) <70, 25 months in patients with a KPS ≥ 70 (P < 0·001). Treatment modality was not an independent prognostic factor. Forty patients were treated with methotrexate 3 g/m(2) : there were two toxic deaths. Ten patients discontinued chemotherapy because of toxicity. Delayed encephalopathy was reported in 10 patients. In conclusion, community hospitals still frequently utilize whole brain radiotherapy in elderly PCNSL patients, though a majority tolerates chemotherapy well. Performance status was the most important variable determining prognosis. Short and long term toxicities must be weighed against possible clinical benefits of each treatment, making treatment decisions a highly individualized process.
    British Journal of Haematology 10/2010; 151(2):179-84. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    Journal of Neurology 03/2009; 256(2):279-82. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: At least 10% of glioblastoma relapses occur at distant and even contralateral locations. This disseminated growth limits surgical intervention and contributes to neurological morbidity. Preclinical data pointed toward a role for temozolomide (TMZ) in reducing radiotherapy-induced glioma cell invasiveness. Our objective was to develop and validate a new analysis tool of MRI data to examine the clinical recurrence pattern of glioblastomas. MRIcro software was used to map the location and extent of initial preoperative and recurrent tumors on MRI of 63 patients in the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 26981/22981/National Cancer Institute of Canada (NCIC) CE.3 study into the same stereotaxic space. This allowed us to examine changes of site and distance between the initial and the recurrent tumor on the group level. Thirty of the 63 patients were treated using radiotherapy, while the other patients completed a radiotherapy-plus-TMZ treatment. Baseline characteristics (median age, KPS) and outcome data (progression-free survival, overall survival) of the patients included in this analysis resemble those of the general study cohort. The patient groups did not differ in the promoter methylation status of methyl guanine methyltransferase (MGMT). Overall frequency of distant recurrences was 20%. Analysis of recurrence patterns revealed no difference between the groups in the size of the recurrent tumor or in the differential effect on the distance of the recurrences from the preoperative tumor location. The data show the feasibility of groupwise recurrence pattern analysis. An effect of TMZ treatment on the recurrence pattern in the EORTC 26981/22981/NCIC CE.3 study could not be demonstrated.
    Neuro-Oncology 09/2008; 10(6):1019-24. · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Isolated central nervous system (CNS) relapse involving the brain parenchyma is a rare complication of systemic non-Hodgkin lymphoma. We retrospectively analyzed patient characteristics, management, and outcomes of this complication. After complete response to initial non-Hodgkin lymphoma treatment, patients with isolated CNS relapse with the brain parenchyma as initial relapse site were eligible. Patients with isolated CNS relapse involving only the cerebrospinal fluid were not eligible. Information on 113 patients was assembled from 13 investigators; 94 (83%) had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Median time to brain relapse was 1.8 years (range, 0.25-15.9 years). Brain relapse was identified by neuroimaging in all patients; in 54 (48%), diagnostic brain tumor specimen was obtained. Median overall survival from date of brain relapse was 1.6 years (95% confidence interval, 0.9-2.6 years); 26 (23%) have survived 3 years or more. Median time to progression was 1.0 year (95% confidence interval, 0.7-1.7 years). Age less than 60 years (P = .006) at relapse and methotrexate use (P = .008) as front-line treatment for brain relapse were significantly associated with longer survival in a multivariate model. Our results suggest systemic methotrexate is the optimal treatment for isolated CNS relapse involving the brain parenchyma. Long-term survival is possible in some patients.
    Blood 03/2008; 111(3):1085-93. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epigenetic silencing of the MGMT (O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase) DNA-repair gene by promoter methylation compromises DNA repair and has been associated with longer survival in patients with glioblastoma who receive alkylating agents. We tested the relationship between MGMT silencing in the tumor and the survival of patients who were enrolled in a randomized trial comparing radiotherapy alone with radiotherapy combined with concomitant and adjuvant treatment with temozolomide. The methylation status of the MGMT promoter was determined by methylation-specific polymerase-chain-reaction analysis. The MGMT promoter was methylated in 45 percent of 206 assessable cases. Irrespective of treatment, MGMT promoter methylation was an independent favorable prognostic factor (P<0.001 by the log-rank test; hazard ratio, 0.45; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.32 to 0.61). Among patients whose tumor contained a methylated MGMT promoter, a survival benefit was observed in patients treated with temozolomide and radiotherapy; their median survival was 21.7 months (95 percent confidence interval, 17.4 to 30.4), as compared with 15.3 months (95 percent confidence interval, 13.0 to 20.9) among those who were assigned to only radiotherapy (P=0.007 by the log-rank test). In the absence of methylation of the MGMT promoter, there was a smaller and statistically insignificant difference in survival between the treatment groups. Patients with glioblastoma containing a methylated MGMT promoter benefited from temozolomide, whereas those who did not have a methylated MGMT promoter did not have such a benefit.
    New England Journal of Medicine 03/2005; 352(10):997-1003. · 51.66 Impact Factor