[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Variants in genes encoding the Fc receptor-like 3 (FcRL-3) and the class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) transactivator proteins have been associated with an increased risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Japanese and Nordic populations, respectively. The aim of this study was to investigate these associations in a Canadian Caucasian cohort of RA cases and healthy controls.
A total of 1,187 RA patients and 462 healthy controls were genotyped for FCRL3 and MHC2TA gene variants associated with RA. Epistasis between the FCRL3 -169C and the PTPN22 1858T variants was also examined.
An association was detected between RA and both the FCRL3 -169C allele (OR 1.19, P = 0.023) and the homozygous genotype (OR 1.41, P = 0.027), but association of the MHC2TA promoter region variant (-168G) with RA was not replicated. Stratification of the RA cohort by PTPN22 genotypes revealed the FCRL3 risk variant and RA association was stronger in the patient subgroup lacking PTPN22 1858T variants (P = 0.004) and was not detectable in the subgroup with PTPN22 1858T variants (P = 0.52). The PTPN22 association with RA was greater in the absence than in the presence of the FCRL3 -169C allele (P = 0.0008 versus P = 0.001). The PTPN22 1858T variant also increased the risk of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) in the RA patients, whereas the FCRL3 risk variant was protective against AITD.
Our findings support an association of RA with an FCRL3 functional polymorphism and reveal that this association is stronger in the absence of PTPN22 risk genotypes. These findings support a genetic heterogeneity across RA populations, suggesting that both the FCRL3 and PTPN22 genes play roles in RA susceptibility, but in different individuals.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A single-nucleotide polymorphism in the PTPN22 gene encoding the lymphoid protein tyrosine phosphatase (Lyp) has recently been identified as a functional variant associated with susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA), type 1 diabetes, and systemic lupus erythematosus. To determine whether association of this variant (PTPN22 1858T) with RA is reproducible and is also observed in another autoimmune condition, Crohn's disease, we investigated the association between the PTPN22 1858T allele and RA and Crohn's disease in a Canadian population.
Two RA case-control cohorts representing a total of 1,234 patients and 791 healthy controls as well as a cohort of 455 patients with Crohn's disease and 190 controls were genotyped for the PTPN22 C1858T polymorphism, and genotype frequencies were compared between patients and controls.
Significant association of the PTPN22 1858T allele with RA was detected in both the Toronto-based RA cohort (P = 1.6 x 10(-6), odds ratio [OR] 1.8) and the Halifax-based RA cohort (P = 9.4 x 10(-4), OR 1.94). Association of the risk allele with RA was not affected by sex, age at disease onset, or the presence of either rheumatoid factor or rheumatoid nodules. No association between the PTPN22 risk allele and Crohn's disease was detected.
These observations confirm the association of RA susceptibility with the PTPN22 1858T allele. However, the data also reveal a lack of association between this variant and Crohn's disease, suggesting that the PTPN22 1858T allele is a risk allele for multiple, but not all, autoimmune diseases.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the SLC22A4 gene encoding the organic cation transporter OCTN1 have been associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the Japanese population and with Crohn's disease in a Canadian cohort. The RA-associated and Crohn's disease-associated SNPs include, respectively, an intronic variant (slc2F2) and an exonic variant (1672T). We used a case-control approach to investigate the prevalence of these variants in a Canadian RA cohort and to determine whether RA and Crohn's disease share SLC22A4 susceptibility alleles.
Nine hundred eighteen unrelated patients with RA, 507 patients with Crohn's disease, and 623 healthy controls were genotyped for the putatively RA-associated slc2F1 and slc2F2 variants and the Crohn's disease-associated SLC22A4 1672T variant.
Neither slc2F1 nor slc2F2 showed evidence for association with RA, the allele frequencies of these variants being significantly different in the Canadian population compared with those reported in the Japanese population, but not significantly different between patients with RA and controls. In addition, associations between the 1672T Crohn's disease risk allele and RA or between the slc2F1-A and slc2F2-T risk alleles and Crohn's disease were not detected in this study cohort, and the latter 2 alleles were not in linkage disequilibrium with the 1672T variant.
These observations do not support roles for any of the previously identified SLC22A4 disease risk alleles in RA susceptibility in the Canadian population. The slc2F1/slc2F2 risk alleles were not associated with Crohn's disease nor in linkage disequilibrium with the Crohn's disease-associated 1672T variant, and accordingly, also appear to be irrelevant to Crohn's disease susceptibility in the population under study.