L William Buxton

Dupont, Delaware, Ohio, United States

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Publications (5)22.06 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To determine the optimum conditions for the complete extraction of perfluorooctanoate (PFO) from polytetrafluoroethylene fluoropolymers, sample preparation and pressurized solvent extraction (PSE) conditions were investigated. Solvent extraction temperature, solvent residence time, relaxation time between extractions, and the effects of heating before PSE showed that methanol at 150 degrees C extraction temperature and a 12 min solvent residence time were the most efficient conditions. Preheating the polymer before extraction at 150 degrees C for 24 h significantly enhanced the quantity of PFO removed. Heating above 150 degrees C resulted in loss of PFO. PFO was determined by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry.
    The Analyst 11/2006; 131(10):1105-8. DOI:10.1039/b606801d · 4.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two distinctly different capillary gas chromatographic methods were used to determine the vapor pressure of 8-2 fluorotelomer alcohol (8-2 FTOH) and 1-H perfluoroheptane at several temperatures. For measurements employing the relative retention-time method, a short polymethylsiloxane column was used from 25 to 65 degrees C. For the 8-2 FTOH, hydrocarbon alcohols and perfluoroalcohols were used as reference standards. For 1-H perfluoroheptane, hydrocarbons were used as reference standards. Vapor pressure estimates could differ by as much as an order of magnitude compared to published results determined by other (nonchromatographic) methods. This variance may be a function of solvent-solute interactions within the gas chromatographic column and the infinite dilution assumption, both used in the relative retention method. For comparison, data were also gathered using headspace gas chromatography (GC) with atomic emission detection (AED). The results from this novel GC/AED method were consistent with prior nonchromatographic results. A discussion of why headspace is the preferred technique for the determination of vapor pressure for fluorinated compounds is presented.
    Journal of Chromatography A 04/2006; 1108(2):248-51. DOI:10.1016/j.chroma.2006.01.020 · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Salts of pentadecafluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) are polymerization aids used in the manufacture of fluoropolymers; one of the applications of fluoropolymers is the coating of metal cookware products. A method was developed to determine if PFOA might be present in and extracted from the surface of commercial frying pans coated with a DuPont fluoropolymer under simulated cooking conditions. Commercial grade cookware was obtained, then extracted with water and ethanol/water mixtures at 100 and 125 degrees C, and the resulting extracts were analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). Detection and quantification limits as low as 100 pg cm(-2) were demonstrated. None of the fluoropolymer treated cookware samples analyzed showed detectable levels of PFOA when extracted under simulated cooking conditions.
    The Analyst 10/2005; 130(9):1299-302. DOI:10.1039/b505377c · 4.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An exposure assessment and risk characterization was conducted to better understand the potential human health significance of trace levels of perfluorooctanoate (PFO) detected in certain consumer articles. PFO is the anion of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). Concentrations of PFO in the consumer articles were determined from extraction tests and product formulation information. Potential exposures during consumer use of the articles were quantified based on an assessment of behavior patterns and regulatory guidance. Health benchmarks were developed and then compared to the exposure estimates to yield margins of exposure (MOEs). A simple one-compartment model was also developed to estimate contributions of potential consumer exposures to PFO concentrations in serum. While there are considerable uncertainties in this assessment, it indicates that exposures to PFO during consumer use of the articles evaluated in this study are not expected to cause adverse human health effects in infants, children, adolescents, adult residents, or professionals nor result in quantifiable levels of PFO in human serum.
    Environmental Science and Technology 07/2005; 39(11):3904-10. DOI:10.1021/es048353b · 5.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Both pressurized solvent extraction (PSE) and reflux extraction in various solvents were used to select the most efficient system for the determination of the quantity of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) present in polytetrafluoroethylene polymers. After evaporating the solvent, PFOA was determined using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Ethanol, water and methanol gave comparable results and were shown to be good solvents for this extraction. Acetonitrile was a reasonable solvent using the reflux extraction method, but not with PSE. Chloroform resulted in poor recovery for both extraction methods. PSE proved to be the more efficient extraction method.
    The Analyst 02/2005; 130(1):59-62. DOI:10.1039/b412609b · 4.11 Impact Factor