Shuy-Vang Toan

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States

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Publications (3)10.82 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Human CNT3 encodes the concentrative nucleoside transport N3 system. Previous expression studies in oocytes showed that the Km values for nucleosides of the cloned hCNT3 were 7- to 25-fold lower than the endogenous N3 transporter in HL60 cells. Therefore, in the present study we re-examined the kinetic properties of the cloned hCNT3 using mammalian cell expression systems by transient expression in Cos7L cells and stably expression in nucleoside transporter deficient PK15NTD cells. We demonstrated that hCNT3 is a Na-dependent, broadly-selective nucleoside transporter with affinities (<11 microM) for nucleosides closely resembling the endogenous N3 transporter. Pharmacological studies showed that phloridzin is a mixed-type inhibitor of hCNT3 (Ki=15 microM), and the dideoxyuridine analogs are poor substrates. By epitope-tagging, we further demonstrated that hCNT3 is N-glycosylated as PNGase F and Endo H deglycosylated hCNT3 from 67 kDa to 58 kDa. Searching the human genome database, we identified the genomic organization of hCNT3. This gene contains 19 exons and its exon-intron boundaries within the coding sequence exactly match with those of hCNT1 and hCNT2 with one additional exon in the N-terminus. Our data suggest that hCNT3 gene is evolutionarily conserved with hCNT1 and hCNT2. Physiologically, hCNT3 is a glycoprotein, which transports purine and pyrimidine nucleosides in a Na-dependent manner with high affinities.
    Pflügers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology 11/2003; 447(2):195-204. · 4.87 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Protein glycosylation is important for nucleoside transport, and this has been demonstrated for the human equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1 (hENT1). It is not known whether glycosylation affects the functions of hENT2 or where hENT2 is glycosylated. We address these questions using N-glycosylation mutants (N48D, N57D, and N48/57D) and demonstrate that hENT2 is glycosylated at Asn(48) and Asn(57). Our results show that although the apparent affinities for [3H]uridine and [3H]cytidine of the mutants were indistinguishable from those of the wild-type protein, N-glycosylation was required for efficient targeting of hENT2 to the plasma membrane. All mutants had a two- to threefold increase in IC(50) for dipyridamole. N57D and N48/57D, but not N48D, also had a twofold increase in IC(50) for NBMPR. We conclude that the relative insensitivity of hENT2 to inhibitors is primarily due to its primary structure and not to glycosylation. Glycosylation modulates hENT1 function, but is not required for hENT2.
    Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 04/2003; 411(1):19-26. · 3.37 Impact Factor
  • Analytical Biochemistry 05/2002; 303(1):104-7. · 2.58 Impact Factor