Jing-Zhou Wang

Third Military Medical University, Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China

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Publications (20)61.19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Numerous epidemiological studies have evaluated the associations between ATP-binding cassette transporter 1 (ABCA1) R219K (rs2230806) and M883I (rs4149313) polymorphisms and atherosclerosis (AS), but results remain controversial. The purpose of the present study is to investigate whether these two polymorphisms facilitate the susceptibility to AS using a meta-analysis. PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Medline, Cochrane database, Clinicaltrials.gov, Current Controlled Trials, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, CBMdisc, CNKI, Google Scholar and Baidu Library were searched to get the genetic association studies. All statistical analyses were done with Stata 11.0. Forty-seven articles involving 58 studies were included in the final meta-analysis. For the ABCA1 R219K polymorphism, 42 studies involving 12,551 AS cases and 19,548 controls were combined showing significant association between this variant and AS risk (for K allele vs. R allele: OR = 0.77, 95% CI = 0.71-0.84, P<0.01; for K/K vs. R/R: OR = 0.60, 95% CI = 0.51-0.71, P<0.01; for K/K vs. R/K+R/R: OR = 0.69, 95% CI = 0.60-0.80, P<0.01; for K/K+R/K vs. R/R: OR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.66-0.83, P<0.01). For the ABCA1 M883I polymorphism, 16 studies involving 4,224 AS cases and 3,462 controls were combined. There was also significant association between the variant and AS risk (for I allele vs. M allele: OR = 0.85, 95% CI = 0.77-0.95, P<0.01). The present meta-analysis suggested that the ABCA1 R219K and M883I polymorphisms were associated with the susceptibility to AS. However, due to the high heterogeneity in the meta-analysis, the results should be interpreted with caution.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e86480. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Epidemiological studies have evaluated the association between Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) gene Asp299Gly (rs4986790) polymorphism and the risk of ischemic cerebrovascular disease, but the results are inconsistent. In an effort to clarify earlier inconclusive results, a meta-analysis was performed. We searched the PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane database, Clinicaltrials.gov, Current Controlled Trials, CNKI, CBMdisc, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry and Google Scholar until up to July 20, 2013. Additionally, hand searching of the references of identified articles were performed. Original observational studies investigating the association between TLR4 gene Asp299Gly polymorphism and ischemic cerebrovascular disease risk were included. All statistical analyses were performed using Stata 11.0. The search strategy identified 1038 potentially relevant articles, seven of which were included in the final meta-analysis, covering a total of 1767 cases and 2785 controls. Overall, no significant association was found between TLR4 gene Asp299Gly polymorphism and ischemic cerebrovascular disease risk (for G allele vs. A allele: OR = 0.95, 95% CI = 0.75-1.21, p = 0.69; for G/G+A/G vs. A/A: OR = 0.96, 95% CI = 0.75-1.22, p = 0.73). In addition, the similar results were obtained in the sensitivity analysis based on studies with the high quality. In summary, the present meta-analysis indicates that TLR4 gene Asp299Gly polymorphism is not associated with increased ischemic cerebrovascular disease risk.
    The International journal of neuroscience 08/2013; · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Increasing epidemiological studies have focused on the associations between interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene -174G>C polymorphism and atherosclerotic diseases, but the results are still controversial. This meta-analysis was designed to identify whether this association exists. PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane database, Clinicaltrials.gov and Current Controlled Trials, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, CBMdisc, CNKI and Google Scholar were searched to get the genetic association studies. The crude odds ratios (ORs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to estimate the association between the IL-6 gene -174G>C polymorphism and AS risk. The subgroup analyses were made on the following: ethnicity, atherosclerotic diseases and source of controls. Finally, 50 studies (15,029 cases and 18,485 controls) were included in this meta-analysis. Overall, no significant association was found between the IL-6 gene -174G>C polymorphism and AS risk (for C allele vs. G allele: OR=1.02, 95% CI=0.94-1.11, p=0.64; for C/C vs. G/G: OR=1.01, 95% CI=0.85-1.21, p=0.88; for C/C vs. C/G+G/G: OR=0.97, 95% CI=0.84-1.12, p=0.68; for C/C+C/G vs. G/G: OR=1.07, 95% CI=0.97-1.17, p=0.18). In the subgroup analyses, significant associations were found between the IL-6 gene -174G>C polymorphism and AS in non-Caucasian group (for CC+CG vs. GG: OR=1.22, 95% CI=1.06-1.41, p=0.005), other atherosclerotic diseases group (for C allele vs. G allele: OR =0.75, 95% CI=0.61 -0.93, p=0.008; for C/C vs. G/G: OR =0.56, 95% CI=0.38 -0.81, p=0.002; for C/C vs. C/G+G/G: OR=0.60, 95% CI=0.45 - 0.79, p=0.0004) and population-based group (for C allele vs. G allele: OR=1.09, 95% CI=1.00-1.18, p=0.04; for CC+CG vs. GG: OR=1.15, 95% CI=1.04-1.27, p=0.005). In summary, the present meta-analysis suggests that the IL-6 gene -174G>C polymorphism is associated with the susceptibility to AS. However, due to the high heterogeneity in the meta-analysis, the results should be interpreted with caution.
    Gene 08/2013; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies have evaluated the association between nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase p22(phox) C242T polymorphism and risk of ischemic cerebrovascular disease (ICVD), but the results remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis was therefore designed to clarify these controversies. Systematic searches of electronic databases Embase, PubMed and Web of Science, as well as hand searching of the references of identified articles and the meeting abstracts were performed. Statistical analyses were performed using software Review Manager (Version 5.1.7) and Stata (Version 11.0). The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) were performed. Fixed or random effects model was separately used depending on the heterogeneity between studies. Publication bias was tested by Begg's funnel plot and Egger's regression test. A total of 6 studies including 1,948 cases and 2,357 controls were combined showing no statistical evidence of association between NADPH oxidase p22(phox) C242T polymorphism and overall ICVD (allelic model: OR = 1.08, 95%CI = 0.93-1.26; additive model: OR = 1.33, 95%CI = 0.81-2.17; dominant model: OR = 1.00, 95%CI = 0.86-1.15; recessive model: OR = 1.06, 95%CI = 0.77-1.45). Significant association was found in large-artery atherosclerotic stroke subgroup (allelic model: OR = 1.12, 95%CI = 0.88-1.41; additive model: OR = 1.36, 95%CI = 0.60-3.09; dominant model: OR = 1.25, 95%CI = 0.74-2.11; recessive model: OR = 2.17, 95%CI = 1.11-4.23). No statistical evidence of significant association was observed for small-vessel occlusive stroke, as well as Asian subgroup and Caucasian subgroup. Statistical powers on the combined sample size (total and subgroup) were all lower than 80%. This meta-analysis indicates that NADPH oxidase p22(phox) C242T polymorphism is more associated with large-artery atherosclerotic stroke than small-vessel occlusive stroke. However, this conclusion should be interpreted with caution due to the small sample size. Larger sample-size studies with homogeneous ICVD patients and well-matched controls are required.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(2):e56478. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies have evaluated the association between apolipoprotein E (ApoE) gene polymorphism and multiple sclerosis (MS) risk. However, the results remain conflicting. Therefore, in order to derive a more precise association of ApoE gene polymorphism with MS risk, we performed this meta-analysis. Systematic searches of electronic databases PubMed, Embase and Web of Science, as well as hand searching of the references of identified articles were performed. Twenty studies were identified, covering a total of 4080 MS cases and 2897 controls. The results showed evidence for significant association between ApoE ε2 mutation and MS risk (for ε2/ε4 versus ε3/ε3: OR=1.74, 95% CI=1.12-2.71, p=0.01; for ε2 allele versus ε3 allele: OR=1.16, 95% CI=1.01-1.35, p=0.04). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, the similar results were obtained among Europeans (for ε2/ε4 versus ε3/ε3: OR=1.81, 95% CI=1.14-2.87, p=0.01; for ε2 allele versus ε3 allele: OR=1.19, 95% CI=1.02-1.38, p=0.03). After excluding the outlier studies by observing Galbraith plot, marginal association was found between ApoE ε3/ε4 genotype and the protective factor for MS (for ε3/ε4 versus ε3/ε3: OR=0.86, 95% CI=0.75-0.99, p=0.04). In summary, the present meta-analysis provides evidence that ApoE ε2 mutation is associated with MS risk. In addition, ApoE ε3/ε4 genotype appears to be a protective factor for MS.
    Gene 09/2012; 511(1):12-7. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The association between estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) c.454-397T>C and c.454-351A>G polymorphism and ischemic stroke remains controversial. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to investigate a more authentic association between c.454-397T>C and c.454-351A>G mutation and ischemic stroke. Systematic searches of electronic databases Embase, PubMed, Web of Science as well as hand-searching of the references of identified articles and the meeting abstracts were performed. Study selection, data abstraction and study quality evaluation were independently conducted in duplicate. Statistical analyses were performed using software Stata 11.0. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CIs) were performed. Different effect models were used according to the difference in heterogeneity. Publication bias was tested by Begg's funnel plot and Egger's regression test. For c.454-397T>C mutation, five studies were combined. Significant association was found in allelic model (OR = 1.12, 95 % CI = 1.01-1.25, p = 0.03), additive model (OR = 1.25, 95 % CI = 1.01-1.54, p = 0.04), and recessive model (OR = 1.23, 95 % CI = 1.02-1.49, p = 0.03), whereas no evidence of association was found for dominant model (OR = 1.10, 95 % CI = 0.85-1.42, p = 0.47). For c.454-351A>G mutation, no evidence of association was found for all genetic models. Our meta-analysis suggests that ESR1 c.454-397T>C mutation is significantly associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke, whereas no evidence of association was found for ESR1 c.454-351A>G mutation.
    Molecular Biology Reports 07/2012; 39(10):9331-8. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammatory injury plays a critical role in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced neurological deficits; however, the signaling pathways are not apparent by which the upstream cellular events trigger innate immune and inflammatory responses that contribute to neurological impairments. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) plays a role in inflammatory damage caused by brain disorders. In this study, we investigate the role of TLR4 signaling in ICH-induced inflammation. In the ICH model, a significant upregulation of TLR4 expression in reactive microglia has been demonstrated using real-time RT-PCR. Activation of microglia was detected by immunohistochemistry, cytokines were measured by ELISA, MyD88, TRIF and NF-κB were measured by Western blot and EMSA, animal behavior was evaluated by animal behavioristics. Compared to WT mice, TLR4(-/-) mice had restrained ICH-induced brain damage showing in reduced cerebral edema and lower neurological deficit scores. Quantification of cytokines including IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β and assessment of macrophage infiltration in perihematoma tissues from TLR4(-/-), MyD88(-/-) and TRIF(-/-) mice showed attenuated inflammatory damage after ICH. TLR4(-/-) mice also exhibited reduced MyD88 and TRIF expression which was accompanied by decreased NF-κB activity. This suggests that after ICH both MyD88 and TRIF pathways might be involved in TLR4-mediated inflammatory injury possibly via NF-κB activation. Exogenous hemin administration significantly increased TLR4 expression and microglial activation in cultures and also exacerbated brain injury in WT mice but not in TLR4(-/-) mice. Anti-TLR4 antibody administration suppressed hemin-induced microglial activation in cultures and in the mice model of ICH. Our findings suggest that heme potentiates microglial activation via TLR4, in turn inducing NF-κB activation via the MyD88/TRIF signaling pathway, and ultimately increasing cytokine expression and inflammatory injury in ICH. Targeting TLR4 signaling may be a promising therapeutic strategy for ICH.
    Journal of Neuroinflammation 03/2012; 9:46. · 4.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It remains controversial regarding the association between Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) gene polymorphism and the risk of vascular dementia (VaD). The present meta-analysis was performed to derive a more precise estimation of the relationship. The meta-analysis was performed by searching PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases. A total of 29 studies included 1763 VaD cases and 4534 controls were identified. The results showed evidence for significant association between ApoE ɛ4 mutation and VaD risk (for ɛ3/ɛ4 vs. ɛ3/ɛ3: OR=1.65, 95% CI=1.40-1.94, p-value<0.00001; for ɛ4/ɛ4 vs. ɛ3/ɛ3: OR=3.17, 95% CI=2.09-4.80, p-value<0.00001; for ɛ4 allele vs. ɛ3 allele: OR=1.72, 95% CI=1.40-2.12, p-value<0.00001). The similar results were obtained in the subgroup analysis based on ethnicity. In summary, the present meta-analysis suggests an association between ApoE ɛ4 mutation and increased risk of VaD. However, due to the small sample size in most of the included studies and the selection bias existed in some studies, the results should be interpreted with caution.
    Neuroscience Letters 02/2012; 514(1):6-11. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Meta-analysis in European population found no association between rs12425791/rs11833579 and ischemic stroke. Several studies focused on East Asians have evaluated the association between this two SNPs and risk of ischemic stroke, but the results have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to investigate a more authentic association between rs12425791 and rs11833579 G>A mutation and ischemic stroke in East Asian population, as well as in Chinese Han population. Systematic searches of electronic databases Embase, PubMed, Web of Science, and CBM as well as hand searching of the references of identified articles and the meeting abstracts were performed. Study selection, data abstraction and study quality evaluation were independently conducted in duplicate. Statistical analyses were performed using software Stata 11.0. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) were performed. Different effects models were used according to the difference in heterogeneity. Publication bias was tested by Begg's funnel plot and Egger's regression test. A total of 4 publications including 7 studies were involved. For rs12425791, significant association was found in allelic model (OR=1.06, 95%CI=1.00-1.11) and dominant model (OR=1.10, 95%CI=1.03-1.18), whereas no evidence of association was found for additive model (OR=1.04, 95%CI=0.93-1.17) and for recessive model (OR=0.99, 95%CI=0.88-1.10). For rs11833579, no evidence of association was found for all genetic models. In the analysis of Chinese Han population, there is lack of evidence for association of ischemic stroke for both SNPs. In summary, our meta-analysis suggests that rs12425791 is significantly associated with ischemic stroke in East Asian population but not Chinese Han population, of which A alleles increase the risk of ischemic stroke, whereas no evidence of association was found for rs11833579 in East Asian population as well as Chinese Han population.
    Journal of the neurological sciences 01/2012; 316(1-2):116-21. · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies have evaluated the association between paraoxonase 2 (PON2) Ser311Cys polymorphism and ischemic stroke risk which developed inconsistent conclusions. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to investigate a more authentic association between PON2 Ser311Cys polymorphism and ischemic stroke. Systematic searches in PUBMED, EMBASE, CBM, and CNKI databases were performed. Data analyses were carried out by Review Manager 5.1.2 and Stata 11.0. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used for additive model (Cys/Cys vs. Ser/Ser), dominant model (Ser/Cys+Cys/Cys vs. Ser/Ser), recessive model (Cys/Cys vs. Ser/Cys+Ser/Ser), and allelic model (Cys allele vs. Ser allele), respectively. Publication bias was analyzed by Begg's funnel plot and Egger's test. A total of 7 studies including 2,046 cases and 2,962 controls were involved. Overall, no significant association was found between PON2 Ser311Cys polymorphism and ischemic stroke risk when all studies were pooled into the meta-analysis (for additive model: OR = 0.87, 95% CI = 0.67-1.14; for dominant model: OR = 1.05, 95% CI = 0.91-1.22; for recessive model: OR = 0.90, 95% CI = 0.77-1.05; and for allelic model: OR = 1.17, 95% CI = 0.86-1.59). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, significant association was found among Europeans (for recessive model: OR = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.69-0.99). However, due to the small number of studies included in subgroup analysis, the result for European population should be interpreted cautiously.
    Molecular Biology Reports 12/2011; 39(5):5623-30. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) has been reported to attenuate intimal hyperplasia. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that PPARγ inhibits intimal hyperplasia through suppressing Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-mediated inflammation in vascular smooth muscle cells. TLR4(-/-) mice on a C57BL/6J background were used. Increased TLR4 and pro-inflammatory cytokines were observed in wire-injury-induced carotid neointima and in platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-activated vascular smooth muscle cells. The TLR4 deficiency protected the injured carotid from neointimal formation and impaired the cellular proliferation and migration in response to lipopolysaccharide and PDGF. Rosiglitazone attenuated intimal hyperplasia. Overexpression of PPARγ suppressed PDGF-induced proliferation and migration and inhibited TLR4-mediated inflammation in vascular smooth muscle cells, while PPARγ silencing exerted the opposite effect. Lipopolysaccharide counteracted the inhibitory effect of PPARγ on PDGF-induced proliferation and migration. Eritoran suppressed the proliferation and migration induced by PDGF and PPARγ silencing. Vascular smooth muscle cells derived from TLR4(-/-) mice showed impaired proliferation and migration upon PDGF activation and displayed no response to PPARγ manipulation. PPARγ inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration by suppressing TLR4-mediated inflammation and ultimately attenuates intimal hyperplasia after carotid injury.
    Cardiovascular research 08/2011; 92(3):484-93. · 5.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS)-induced hemodynamic depression (HD) and its impact on postprocedural complications so as to identify its risk factors. The incidence, onset time, duration and severity of HD were observed in 196 CAS patients. The influences of clinical baseline and vascular angiographic characteristics on HD were recorded and the relationship between HD and postprocedural complications was analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent risk factors of HD. The incidence of HD was 53.1%. Most cases of HD (67.3%) developed within 1 - 16 hours postprocedural. And 55.8% HD lasted for over 24 hours and became relieved within 3 - 16 days post-operation. And 78.9% HD patients required medications for the controls of blood pressure and heart rate. Diabetes, hypertension, smoking, plaque involving carotid bulb, ulcerated plaque and calcified plaque were shown to be associated with HD. Further analysis of logistic regression suggested that diabetes and smoking were two protective factors for HD while plaque involving carotid bulb and calcified plaque two independent risk factors for HD. The HD patients were at an increased risk of neurological and cardiopulmonary complications. With a high post-CAS incidence after CAS, HD is associated with postprocedural complications. Lesions involving carotid bulb and calcified plaque are two independent risk factors for HD.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 05/2011; 91(19):1308-13.
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    ABSTRACT: High-mobility group protein box-1 (HMGB1) has recently been recognized as a novel candidate in a specific upstream pathway promoting inflammation after brain ischemia. However, its downstream pathway and underlying mechanism have yet to be elucidated. The HMGB1 level in the acute cerebral infarct (ACI) group was significantly increased compared with that of control group, and correlated with the severity of neurologic impairment of ACI patients. Further, recombinant human HMGB1 (rhHMGB1) had no effect on microglia derived from mice lacking the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4(-/-)). Intracerebroventricular injection of rhHMGB1 in TLR4(+/+) mice cause significantly more injury after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion than control group. But, TLR4(-/-) mice administered with rhHMGB1 showed moderate impairment after ischemia-reperfusion than TLR4(+/+) mice. To determine the potential downstream signaling of HMGB1/TLR4 in cerebral ischemic injury, we used the ischemic-reperfusion model with Toll/interleukin-1 receptor domain-containing adaptor-inducing interferon-β knockout mice (TRIF(-/-)) and evaluated the activity and expression of TRIF pathway-related kinases. The results suggest that the TRIF pathway is not likely to be involved in TLR4-mediated ischemia brain injury. Finally, we found that TLR4 expressed by immigrant macrophages was involved in the development of ischemic brain damage. These results suggest that HMBG1 mediates ischemia-reperfusion injury by TRIF-adaptor independent Toll-like receptor 4 signaling. The TLR4 expressed by immigrant macrophages may be involved in the development of ischemic brain damage.
    Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism: official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 02/2011; 31(2):593-605. · 5.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High-mobility group protein box-1 (HMGB1) is a proinflammatory involved in many inflammatory diseases. However, its roles in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between changes in serum levels of HMGB1 following acute ICH and the severity of stroke as well as the underlying mechanism. Changes in serum levels of HMGB1 in 60 consecutive patients with primary hemispheric ICH within 12 hours of onset of symptoms were determined. The correlation of HMGB1 with disease severity, IL-6, and TNF-α was analyzed. Changes in HMGB1 levels were detected with ELISA and Western blot. Compared with normal controls, patients with ICH had markedly elevated levels of HMGB1, which was significantly correlated with the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α, NIHSS score at the 10th day, and mRS score at 3 months. In comparison with the control group, the levels of HMGB1 in the perihematomal tissue in mice with ICH increased dramatically, peaked at 72 hours, and decreased at 5 days. Meanwhile, heme could stimulate cultured microglia to release large amounts of HMGB1 whereas Fe(2+/3+) ions failed to stimulate HMGB1 production from microglia. Our findings suggest that HMGB1 may play an essential role in the ICH-caused inflammatory injury.
    Mediators of Inflammation 01/2010; 2010. · 3.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) was originally identified as a ubiquitously expressed, abundant, nonhistone DNA-binding protein. It has well-established functions in the maintenance of nuclear homeostasis. The HMGB1 can either be passively released into the extracellular milieu in response to necrotic signals or actively secreted in response to inflammatory signals. Extracellular HMGB1 interacts with receptors, including those for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGEs) as well as Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and TLR4. The HMGB1 functions in a synergistic manner with other proinflammatory mediators and acts as a potent proinflammatory cytokine-like factor that contributes to the pathogenesis of diverse inflammatory and infectious disorders. Numerous reports point to HMGB1 as a novel player in the ischemic brain. This review provides an appraisal of the emerging roles of HMGB1 in cerebral ischemia injury, highlighting the relevance of HMGB1-blocking agents as potent therapeutic tools for neuroprotection.Keywords: cerebral ischemia, HMGB1, inflammation, RAGE, TLR
    Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism 09/2009; 30(2):243-254. · 5.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we observed the expression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and its downstream signal pathway in peripheral blood monocytes (PBMs) from patients with acute cerebral infarct (ACI). The expression of TLR4 and MyD88 by PBMs was determined by flow cytometry and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity was detected by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. Ischemia/reperfusion injury-induced cerebral edema, infarction area, and neurologic impairment scores were determined in MyD88 gene knockout mice. The results indicated a significant increase in circulating TLR4(+) monocytes in ACI patients as compared with the control group and the transient ischemia attack (TIA) group. This change paralleled an elevation in TLR4mRNA transcription and serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin (IL)-6 in the ACI and TIA groups. Correlation analysis showed TLR4 expression to significantly correlate with cytokine levels and stroke severity. MyD88mRNA differed insignificantly among the three groups. Compared with wild-type mice, 6 h of cerebral ischemia followed by 24 h of reperfusion did not significantly change cerebral edema, cerebral infarction area, and neurologic impairment scores in MyD88 gene knockout mice. Compared with the control group, serum heat shock protein (HSP) 60 increased significantly in the ACI and TIA groups, leading to NF-kappaB activation in TLR4/CD14-transfected HEK293 cells. It is suggested that upregulated TLR4 expression on PMBs may act as one of the peripheral mechanisms of inflammatory injury after ACI. Moreover, circulating HSP60 may be a ligand for TLR4, which is involved in the peripheral mechanism of inflammatory injury after ACI, possibly through an MyD88-independent signal pathway.
    Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism: official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 09/2008; 28(9):1588-96. · 5.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammatory reaction plays an important role in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, however, its mechanism is still unclear. Our study aims to explore the function of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in the process of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. We made middle cerebral artery ischemia-reperfusion model in mice with line embolism method. Compared with C3H/OuJ mice, scores of cerebral water content, cerebral infarct size and neurologic impairment in C3H/Hej mice were obviously lower after 6 h ischemia and 24 h reperfusion. Light microscopic and electron microscopic results showed that cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in C3H/Hej mice was less serious than that in C3H/OuJ mice. TNF-alpha and IL-6 contents in C3H/HeJ mice were obviously lower than that in C3H/OuJ mice with ELISA. The results showed that TLR4 participates in the process of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury probably through decrease of inflammatory cytokines. TLR4 may become a new target for prevention of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. Our study suggests that TLR4 is one of the mechanisms of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury besides its important role in innate immunity.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/2007; 353(2):509-14. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) has become a new target for combating Gram-negative bacterium-induced sepsis. In this study, we screened peptides that can interact with TLR4 from a random 16-peptide library using yeast two-hybrid system and performed functional identification for the obtained peptides. We got two positive clones out of 1.28x10(7) transformants. The peptides were sequenced and synthesized. Protein sequence comparison confirmed that the two peptides had no homologous proteins. The two peptides were found to significantly inhibit LPS-induced NF-kappaB activation in HEK-293 cells that were transfected with TLR4 cDNA, LPS-induced IkappaBalpha (IkappaB alpha) phosphorylation and NF-kappaB activation in monocytes, and release of IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-alpha by monocytes. We further confirmed that the No. 9 peptide could bind to TLR4 extracellular domain, but the No. 24 peptide could not, suggesting that two novel peptides were identified as the antagonists of TLR4, which significantly inhibited the effects of endotoxin in vitro. The No. 9 peptide may function through binding to TLR4 extracellular domain. Our findings suggest a promising countermeasure against Gram-negative bacterium-induced sepsis.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 05/2005; 329(3):846-54. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: TLR4 plays an important role in atherosclerosis, but little is known about the precise mechanism. Herein, we investigated the role of TLR4/NF-kappaB signaling pathway in monocyte-endothelial adhesion induced by low shear stress and Ox-LDL. We found that low shear stress up-regulated TLR4 expression in endothelial cells, and that ox-LDL exerted an obvious synergistic action as revealed by RT-PCR and Western blotting analysis. Low shear stress also significantly up-regulated IL-8 expression in endothelial cells. Meanwhile, NF-kappaB activity and the adhesion force of monocytes were increased, and there was a synergetic action of ox-LDL. However, following transfection with a functional mutant of TLR4 (C3H/HeJ, TLR4 Dicd) or addition of anti-human TLR4 mAb, IL-8 expression was obviously decreased, NF-kappaB activity in cells remarkably inhibited, and the adhesion force of monocyte significantly reduced. Nevertheless, anti-human TLR2 mAb had no similar effects. These findings suggest that TLR4 may be involved in the early stages of atherosclerosis, associating ox-LDL, inflammation/infection, and low shear stress. Therefore, TLR4 is expected to be a new target for preventing and treating atherosclerosis.
    Biorheology 02/2005; 42(3):225-36. · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies have evaluated the association between interleukin-1 (IL-1)α C(−889)T polymorphism and Alzheimer’s disease (AD), but the results remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis was, therefore, designed to clarify these controversies. Systematic searches of electronic databases Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science as well as hand searching of the references of identified articles and the meeting abstracts were performed. Statistical analyses were performed using software Review Manager (Version 5.1.2) and Stata (Version 11.0). The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CIs) were calculated. A total of 28 publications including 29 studies were involved. There was a significant association between IL-1α C(−889)T polymorphism and AD (for T allele vs. C allele: OR = 1.14, 95 % CI = 1.07–1.21; for T/T vs. C/C: OR = 1.39, 95 % CI = 1.18–1.63; for dominant model: OR = 1.13, 95 % CI = 1.04–1.22; and for recessive model: OR = 1.39, 95 % CI = 1.20–1.60). Significant association was found for Asians, Caucasians, and early-onset Alzheimer’s disease (EOAD) but for late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD). This meta-analysis indicates that there is a significant association between IL-1α C(−889)T polymorphism and AD as well as EOAD.
    Journal of Neural Transmission 120(3). · 3.05 Impact Factor