Qing-Wu Yang

Third Military Medical University, Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China

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Publications (32)104.99 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Iron plays a detrimental role in the intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced brain damage, while hepcidin is the most important iron-regulated hormone. Here, we investigate the association between serum hepcidin and serum iron, outcome in patients with ICH. Serum samples of 81 cases with ICH were obtained on consecutive days to detect the levels of hepcidin, iron, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score (NIHSS) was measured at admission and on days 7 and 30, and the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score was evaluated at 3 months after ICH. Additionally, the correlations of serum hepcidin with serum iron and the mRS score were analyzed by a generalized linear model. Higher serum hepcidin levels were detected in patients with poor outcomes (P < 0.001), and the mRS score increased by a mean of 1.135 points (95 % CI 1.021-1.247, P < 0.001) for every serum hepcidin quartile after adjusting for other prognostic variables. Pearson correlation analysis showed that serum hepcidin was negatively correlated with serum iron (r = -0.5301, P < 0.001), and a significantly lower concentration of serum iron was found in patients with poor outcomes (P = 0.007). Additionally, serum hepcidin was independently correlated with mRS scores of ICH patients (OR 1.115, 95 % CI 0.995-1.249, P = 0.021). Our results suggest that serum hepcidin is closely related to the outcome of patients with ICH and may be a biological marker for outcome prediction.
    Neurological Sciences 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10072-015-2266-2 · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) that mediate inflammatory responses play an important role in epilepsy; however, whether TLR1 is also involved in epileptogenesis remains unclear. Thus, in this study, we investigated the extent and pattern of TLR1 expression in epileptic tissues. One-hundred and thirty-two mice were intra-cerebroventricularly injected with PBS or kainic acid (KA) and were examined at 1, 3, 8 and 24 h. The expression pattern and distribution of TLR1 were examined by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry staining. The mRNA and protein levels of TLR1 were significantly upregulated in the hippocampus and temporal cortex of epileptic mice compared with those of controls. TLR1 expression was increased as early as 1 h following KA treatment and peaked at 8 and 24 h. Immunohistochemistry staining demonstrated that TLR1 was distributed in the CA1-3, dentate gyrus and hilus regions of the hippocampus and different cortical regions. Immunofluorescent staining further revealed that TLR1 was primarily expressed in the neurons, microglia, and astrocytes of epileptogenic tissue. These results demonstrate that cortical and hippocampal sub-regional expression of TLR1 is altered during epileptogenesis in a time- and location-specific manner, suggesting a close association with the process of epilepsy.
    Agents and Actions 05/2015; 64(7). DOI:10.1007/s00011-015-0828-7 · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    Xiao-Yi Xiong · Qing-Wu Yang
    Translational Stroke Research 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12975-015-0402-1 · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Increasing evidence suggests that toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an important role in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. The endogenous ligands released from ischemic neurons activate the TLR signaling pathway, resulting in the production of a large number of inflammatory cytokines, thereby causing secondary inflammation damage following cerebral ischemia. However, the preconditioning for minor cerebral ischemia or the preconditioning with TLR ligands can reduce cerebral ischemic injury by regulating the TLR signaling pathway following ischemia in brain tissue (mainly, the inhibition of the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway and the enhancement of the interferon regulatory factor-dependent signaling), resulting in TLR ischemic tolerance. Additionally, recent studies found that postconditioning with TLR ligands after cerebral ischemia can also reduce ischemic damage through the regulation of the TLR signaling pathway, showing a significant therapeutic effect against cerebral ischemia. These studies suggest that the ischemic tolerance mediated by TLRs can serve as an important target for the prevention and treatment of cerebral ischemia. On the basis of describing the function and mechanism of TLRs in mediating cerebral ischemic damage, this review focuses on the mechanisms of cerebral ischemic tolerance induced by the preconditioning and postconditioning of TLRs and discusses the clinical application of TLRs for ischemic tolerance.
    Journal of Neuroinflammation 04/2015; 12(1):80. DOI:10.1186/s12974-015-0301-0 · 4.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are numerous potential treatments assessed for acute cerebral ischemia using animal models. This study aimed to assess the effect of these treatments in terms of infarct size and neurobehavioral change. This meta-analysis was conducted to determine if any of these treatments provide a superior benefit so that they might be used on humans. Methods: A systematic search was conducted using several electronic databases for controlled animal studies using only nonsurgical interventions for acute cerebral ischemia. A random-effects model was used. Results: After an extensive literature search, 145 studies were included in the analysis. These studies included 1408 treated animals and 1362 control animals. Treatments that had the most significant effect on neurobehavioral scales included insulin, various antagonists, including N-methyl-Daspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist ACEA1021, calmodulin antagonist DY-9760e, and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5- methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor antagonist YM872, and antiviral agents. Treatments providing the greatest effect on infarct size included statins, sphingosine-1-phosphate agonist (fingolimod), alcohol, angiotensin, and leukotrienes. Treatments offering the greatest reduction in brain water content included various agonists, including sphingosine-1-phosphate agonist fingolimod, statins, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ). Treatment groups with more than one study all had high heterogeneity (I
    Translational Neuroscience 01/2015; 6(1). DOI:10.1515/tnsci-2015-0006 · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Inflammatory injury plays a critical role in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced secondary brain injury. However, the upstream events that initiate inflammatory responses following ICH remain elusive. Our previous studies suggested that Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) may be the upstream signal that triggers inflammatory injury in ICH. In addition, recent clinical findings indicated that both TLR2 and TLR4 may participate in ICH-induced brain injury. However, it is unclear how TLR2 functions in ICH-induced inflammatory injury and how TLR2 interacts with TLR4. Methods: The role of TLR2 and TLR2/TLR4 heterodimerization in ICH-induced inflammatory injury was investigated in both in vivo and in vitro models of ICH. Results: TLR2 mediated ICH-induced inflammatory injury, which forms a heterodimer with TLR4 in both in vivo and in vitro models of ICH. Hemoglobin(Hb), not other blood components, triggered inflammatory injury in ICH via assembly of TLR2/TLR4 heterodimer. Myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88(MyD88), but not toll/IR-1(TIR)-domain-containing adaptor protein inducing interferon-beta(TRIF), was required for ICH-induced TLR2/TLR4 heterodimerization. Mutation the MyD88 Arg196 abolished the TLR2/TLR4 heterodimerization. Interpretation: Our results suggest that a novel TLR2/TLR4 heterodimer induced by Hb initiates inflammatory injury in ICH. Interfering with assembly of TLR2/TLR4 heterodimer maybe a novel target for developing effective treatment of ICH. ANN NEUROL 2014. © 2014 American Neurological Association.
    Annals of Neurology 04/2014; 75(6). DOI:10.1002/ana.24159 · 11.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent reports have shown that preconditioning with the TLR3 ligand polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly(I:C)) protects against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, it is unclear whether poly(I:C) treatment after cerebral I/R injury is also effective. We used mouse/rat middle cerebral artery occlusion and cell oxygen-glucose deprivation models to evaluate the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of poly(I:C) treatment. Poly(I:C) was i.p. injected 3 h after ischemia (treatment group). Cerebral infarct volumes and brain edemas were significantly reduced, and neurologic scores were significantly increased. TNF-α and IL-1β levels were markedly decreased, whereas IFN-β levels were greatly increased, in the ischemic brain tissues, cerebral spinal fluid, and serum. Injuries to hippocampal neurons and mitochondria were greatly reduced. The numbers of TUNEL-positive and Fluoro-Jade B(+) cells also decreased significantly in the ischemic brain tissues. Poly(I:C) treatment increased the levels of Hsp27, Hsp70, and Bcl2 and decreased the level of Bax in the ischemic brain tissues. Moreover, poly(I:C) treatment attenuated the levels of TNF-α and IL-1β in serum and cerebral spinal fluid of mice stimulated by LPS. However, the protective effects of poly(I:C) against cerebral ischemia were abolished in TLR3(-/-) and TLR4(-/-)mice. Poly(I:C) downregulated TLR4 signaling via TLR3. Poly(I:C) treatment exhibited obvious protective effects 14 d after ischemia and was also effective in the rat permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion model. The results suggest that poly(I:C) exerts therapeutic effects against cerebral I/R injury through the downregulation of TLR4 signaling via TLR3. Poly(I:C) is a promising new drug candidate for the treatment of cerebral infarcts.
    The Journal of Immunology 04/2014; 192(10). DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1303108 · 5.36 Impact Factor
  • Xiao-Yi Xiong · Jian Wang · Zhong-Ming Qian · Qing-Wu Yang
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    ABSTRACT: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. Currently, there is no effective medical treatment available to improve functional outcomes in patients with ICH due to its unknown mechanisms of damage. Increasing evidence has shown that the metabolic products of erythrocytes are the key contributor of ICH-induced secondary brain injury. Iron, an important metabolic product that accumulates in the brain parenchyma, has a detrimental effect on secondary injury following ICH. Because the damage mechanism of iron during ICH-induced secondary injury is clear, iron removal therapy research on animal models is effective. Although many animal and clinical studies have been conducted, the exact metabolic pathways of iron and the mechanisms of iron removal treatments are still not clear. This review summarizes recent progress concerning the iron metabolism mechanisms underlying ICH-induced injury. We focus on iron, brain iron metabolism, the role of iron in oxidative injury, and iron removal therapy following ICH, and we suggest that further studies focus on brain iron metabolism after ICH and the mechanism for iron removal therapy.
    Translational Stroke Research 12/2013; 5(4). DOI:10.1007/s12975-013-0317-7 · 1.94 Impact Factor
  • Yu Zhou · Yanchun Wang · Jian Wang · R Anne Stetler · Qing-Wu Yang
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    ABSTRACT: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) accounts for 10-15% of all strokes and is associated with high mortality and morbidity. Currently, no effective medical treatment is available to improve functional outcomes in patients with ICH. Potential therapies targeting secondary brain injury are arousing a great deal of interest in translational studies. Increasing evidence has shown that inflammation is the key contributor of ICH-induced secondary brain injury. Inflammation progresses in response to various stimuli produced after ICH. Hematoma components initiate inflammatory signaling via activation of microglia, subsequently releasing proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines to attract peripheral inflammatory infiltration. Hemoglobin (Hb), heme, and iron released after red blood cell lysis aggravate ICH-induced inflammatory injury. Danger associated molecular patterns such as high mobility group box 1 protein, released from damaged or dead cells, trigger inflammation in the late stage of ICH. Preclinical studies have identified inflammatory signaling pathways that are involved in microglial activation, leukocyte infiltration, toll-like receptor (TLR) activation, and danger associated molecular pattern regulation in ICH. Recent advances in understanding the pathogenesis of ICH-induced inflammatory injury have facilitated the identification of several novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of ICH. This review summarizes recent progress concerning the mechanisms underlying ICH-induced inflammation. We focus on the inflammatory signaling pathways involved in microglial activation and TLR signaling, and explore potential therapeutic interventions by targeting the removal of hematoma components and inhibition of TLR signaling.
    Progress in Neurobiology 11/2013; 115. DOI:10.1016/j.pneurobio.2013.11.003 · 10.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Carotid artery atherosclerosis may cause increased intima-media thickness (IMT), plaque formation, and vessel stenosis or occlusion. However, the association between carotid artery atherosclerosis and cognitive impairment remains uncertain. This study explored the effects of IMT and carotid artery stenosis on cognitive function in an elderly Chinese non-stroke population. A total of 2015 patients were recruited. The IMT of carotid arteries and the presence of plaques and stenosis in carotid arteries were assessed with B-mode ultrasound examination. Cognitive performance was evaluated with neuropsychological tests. The cross-sectional relationships between cognitive performance and carotid wall characteristics were analyzed. Carotid artery atherosclerosis (IMT>1.0) and stenosis were found in 86% and 51% of patients, respectively. Cognitive impairment was found in 356 (17.7%) patients. After adjustment for possible confounders, IMT (odds ratio [OR]=1.96; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.23-3.16) and hyperdense plaque (OR=4.72; 95% CI 2.56-11.2) were associated with poor cognitive performance. Patients with severe (⩾70%) carotid artery stenosis had a lower Mini-Mental State Examination score compared with the mild to modest (40-70%) carotid artery stenosis group. Cognitive performance differed between patients with left and right carotid artery stenosis, but no differences were observed between patients with severe left and right carotid artery stenosis. This study indicates that carotid artery atherosclerosis is correlated with cognitive impairment in the elderly Chinese population. A larger sample size across multiple centers and a longitudinal study are required to further explore the impact of carotid artery atherosclerosis on cognition in the elderly population.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 08/2013; 20(11). DOI:10.1016/j.jocn.2013.02.026 · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Accumulating evidence indicates that inflammatory responses cause secondary injury after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We recently demonstrated the involvement of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling in these processes. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the protective effect and mechanism of TAK-242 (Ethyl (6R)-6-[N-(2-chloro-4-fluorophenyl) sulfamoyl] cyclohex-1-ene-1 -carboxylate, Takeda), a TLR4 antagonist, in an ICH mouse model. TAK-242 was intraperitoneally injected 6 hours after ICH once daily for 5 successive days. We assessed neurological deficit scores; changes in brain water content; and levels of inflammatory factors, DNA damage, and neuronal degeneration in perihematomal region 1, 3, and 5 days after ICH. Peripheral inflammatory cell infiltration was determined using flow cytometry; and the expression of TLR4 downstream signaling molecules was assessed by Western blot. TAK-242 significantly reduced brain water content, neurological deficit scores, and levels of inflammatory factors. The levels of DNA damage and neuronal degeneration were also significantly decreased, as was peripheral inflammatory cell infiltration. The expression of TLR4 downstream signaling molecules, including myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88, toll/IR-1(TIR)-domain-containing adaptor protein inducing interferon-beta IκBα, nuclear factor-κBp65, and phosphorylated nuclear factor-κBp65, was significantly downregulated. The results suggest that TLR4 antagonist reduced inflammatory injury and neurological deficits in a mouse model of ICH. The mechanism may involve decreased expression of signaling molecules downstream of TLR4.
    Stroke 07/2013; 44(9). DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.001038 · 6.02 Impact Factor
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    Huang Fuang · Peng-Fei Wang · Yu Zhou · Yan-Chun Wang · Qing-Wu Yang
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    ABSTRACT: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a common type of fatal stroke, accounting for about 15% to 20% of all strokes. Hemorrhagic strokes are associated with high mortality and morbidity, and increasing evidence shows that innate immune responses and inflammatory injury play a critical role in ICH-induced neurological deficits. However, the signaling pathways involved in ICH-induced inflammatory responses remain elusive. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) belongs to a large family of pattern recognition receptors that play a key role in innate immunity and inflammatory responses. In this review, we summarize recent findings concerning the involvement of TLR4 signaling in ICH-induced inflammation and brain injury. We discuss the key mechanisms associated with TLR4 signaling in ICH and explore the potential for therapeutic intervention by targeting TLR4 signaling.
    Journal of Neuroinflammation 02/2013; 10(1):27. DOI:10.1186/1742-2094-10-27 · 4.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies have evaluated the association between apolipoprotein E (ApoE) gene polymorphism and multiple sclerosis (MS) risk. However, the results remain conflicting. Therefore, in order to derive a more precise association of ApoE gene polymorphism with MS risk, we performed this meta-analysis. Systematic searches of electronic databases PubMed, Embase and Web of Science, as well as hand searching of the references of identified articles were performed. Twenty studies were identified, covering a total of 4080 MS cases and 2897 controls. The results showed evidence for significant association between ApoE ε2 mutation and MS risk (for ε2/ε4 versus ε3/ε3: OR=1.74, 95% CI=1.12-2.71, p=0.01; for ε2 allele versus ε3 allele: OR=1.16, 95% CI=1.01-1.35, p=0.04). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, the similar results were obtained among Europeans (for ε2/ε4 versus ε3/ε3: OR=1.81, 95% CI=1.14-2.87, p=0.01; for ε2 allele versus ε3 allele: OR=1.19, 95% CI=1.02-1.38, p=0.03). After excluding the outlier studies by observing Galbraith plot, marginal association was found between ApoE ε3/ε4 genotype and the protective factor for MS (for ε3/ε4 versus ε3/ε3: OR=0.86, 95% CI=0.75-0.99, p=0.04). In summary, the present meta-analysis provides evidence that ApoE ε2 mutation is associated with MS risk. In addition, ApoE ε3/ε4 genotype appears to be a protective factor for MS.
    Gene 09/2012; 511(1):12-7. DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2012.09.010 · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The association between estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) c.454-397T>C and c.454-351A>G polymorphism and ischemic stroke remains controversial. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to investigate a more authentic association between c.454-397T>C and c.454-351A>G mutation and ischemic stroke. Systematic searches of electronic databases Embase, PubMed, Web of Science as well as hand-searching of the references of identified articles and the meeting abstracts were performed. Study selection, data abstraction and study quality evaluation were independently conducted in duplicate. Statistical analyses were performed using software Stata 11.0. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CIs) were performed. Different effect models were used according to the difference in heterogeneity. Publication bias was tested by Begg's funnel plot and Egger's regression test. For c.454-397T>C mutation, five studies were combined. Significant association was found in allelic model (OR = 1.12, 95 % CI = 1.01-1.25, p = 0.03), additive model (OR = 1.25, 95 % CI = 1.01-1.54, p = 0.04), and recessive model (OR = 1.23, 95 % CI = 1.02-1.49, p = 0.03), whereas no evidence of association was found for dominant model (OR = 1.10, 95 % CI = 0.85-1.42, p = 0.47). For c.454-351A>G mutation, no evidence of association was found for all genetic models. Our meta-analysis suggests that ESR1 c.454-397T>C mutation is significantly associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke, whereas no evidence of association was found for ESR1 c.454-351A>G mutation.
    Molecular Biology Reports 07/2012; 39(10):9331-8. DOI:10.1007/s11033-012-1747-0 · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the role of toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) in intimal hyperplasia induced by low shear stress (LSS). TLR4(-/-) mice and control mice C57BL/6J were used. Polyethylene cuff was placed on murine carotid to establishing a LSS model. Cultured vascular endothelial cells under LSS condition were used as an in vitro LSS cell model. Intimal hyperplasia was evaluated pathologically. TLR4 was tested by Western blot and the expression of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α mRNA were detected using RT-PCR. Cell proliferation was determined by detecting DNA synthesis. LSS elicited significant carotid intimal hyperplasia in normal mice but a slight neointima formation in TLR4(-/-) mice (42.67 ± 16.46 vs 7.03 ± 2.95, P < 0.05). LSS upregulated the expression of TLR4 (2.30 ± 0.66 vs 0.16 ± 0.10, P < 0.05), as well as the mRNA of IL-1β (6.52 ± 3.15 vs 1.65 ± 0.45, P < 0.01), IL-6 (16.17 ± 7.49 vs 6.50 ± 1.84, P < 0.01) and TNF-α(9.98 ± 3.77 vs 2.72 ± 1.03, P < 0.01) in normal mice. However, only moderate increases in IL-6 and TNF-α mRNA were observed in TLR4(-/-) mice. LSS induced the proliferation in cultured endothelial cells. And it was further enhanced by TLR4 overexpression (177 ± 33 vs 83 ± 15, P < 0.05) but attenuated by TLR4 silencing (40 ± 8 vs 83 ± 15, P < 0.05). TLR4 plays an important role in LSS-induced intimal hyperplasia. It is likely that LSS induces the proliferation of endothelial cells through TLR4-mediated inflammatory reaction and ultimately promotes intimal hyperplasia.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 03/2012; 92(11):773-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammatory injury plays a critical role in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced neurological deficits; however, the signaling pathways are not apparent by which the upstream cellular events trigger innate immune and inflammatory responses that contribute to neurological impairments. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) plays a role in inflammatory damage caused by brain disorders. In this study, we investigate the role of TLR4 signaling in ICH-induced inflammation. In the ICH model, a significant upregulation of TLR4 expression in reactive microglia has been demonstrated using real-time RT-PCR. Activation of microglia was detected by immunohistochemistry, cytokines were measured by ELISA, MyD88, TRIF and NF-κB were measured by Western blot and EMSA, animal behavior was evaluated by animal behavioristics. Compared to WT mice, TLR4(-/-) mice had restrained ICH-induced brain damage showing in reduced cerebral edema and lower neurological deficit scores. Quantification of cytokines including IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β and assessment of macrophage infiltration in perihematoma tissues from TLR4(-/-), MyD88(-/-) and TRIF(-/-) mice showed attenuated inflammatory damage after ICH. TLR4(-/-) mice also exhibited reduced MyD88 and TRIF expression which was accompanied by decreased NF-κB activity. This suggests that after ICH both MyD88 and TRIF pathways might be involved in TLR4-mediated inflammatory injury possibly via NF-κB activation. Exogenous hemin administration significantly increased TLR4 expression and microglial activation in cultures and also exacerbated brain injury in WT mice but not in TLR4(-/-) mice. Anti-TLR4 antibody administration suppressed hemin-induced microglial activation in cultures and in the mice model of ICH. Our findings suggest that heme potentiates microglial activation via TLR4, in turn inducing NF-κB activation via the MyD88/TRIF signaling pathway, and ultimately increasing cytokine expression and inflammatory injury in ICH. Targeting TLR4 signaling may be a promising therapeutic strategy for ICH.
    Journal of Neuroinflammation 03/2012; 9(1):46. DOI:10.1186/1742-2094-9-46 · 4.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies have evaluated the association between interleukin-1 (IL-1)α C(−889)T polymorphism and Alzheimer’s disease (AD), but the results remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis was, therefore, designed to clarify these controversies. Systematic searches of electronic databases Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science as well as hand searching of the references of identified articles and the meeting abstracts were performed. Statistical analyses were performed using software Review Manager (Version 5.1.2) and Stata (Version 11.0). The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CIs) were calculated. A total of 28 publications including 29 studies were involved. There was a significant association between IL-1α C(−889)T polymorphism and AD (for T allele vs. C allele: OR = 1.14, 95 % CI = 1.07–1.21; for T/T vs. C/C: OR = 1.39, 95 % CI = 1.18–1.63; for dominant model: OR = 1.13, 95 % CI = 1.04–1.22; and for recessive model: OR = 1.39, 95 % CI = 1.20–1.60). Significant association was found for Asians, Caucasians, and early-onset Alzheimer’s disease (EOAD) but for late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD). This meta-analysis indicates that there is a significant association between IL-1α C(−889)T polymorphism and AD as well as EOAD.
    Journal of Neural Transmission 03/2012; 120(3). DOI:10.1007/s00702-012-0867-y · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It remains controversial regarding the association between Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) gene polymorphism and the risk of vascular dementia (VaD). The present meta-analysis was performed to derive a more precise estimation of the relationship. The meta-analysis was performed by searching PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases. A total of 29 studies included 1763 VaD cases and 4534 controls were identified. The results showed evidence for significant association between ApoE ɛ4 mutation and VaD risk (for ɛ3/ɛ4 vs. ɛ3/ɛ3: OR=1.65, 95% CI=1.40-1.94, p-value<0.00001; for ɛ4/ɛ4 vs. ɛ3/ɛ3: OR=3.17, 95% CI=2.09-4.80, p-value<0.00001; for ɛ4 allele vs. ɛ3 allele: OR=1.72, 95% CI=1.40-2.12, p-value<0.00001). The similar results were obtained in the subgroup analysis based on ethnicity. In summary, the present meta-analysis suggests an association between ApoE ɛ4 mutation and increased risk of VaD. However, due to the small sample size in most of the included studies and the selection bias existed in some studies, the results should be interpreted with caution.
    Neuroscience Letters 02/2012; 514(1):6-11. DOI:10.1016/j.neulet.2012.02.031 · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Meta-analysis in European population found no association between rs12425791/rs11833579 and ischemic stroke. Several studies focused on East Asians have evaluated the association between this two SNPs and risk of ischemic stroke, but the results have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to investigate a more authentic association between rs12425791 and rs11833579 G>A mutation and ischemic stroke in East Asian population, as well as in Chinese Han population. Systematic searches of electronic databases Embase, PubMed, Web of Science, and CBM as well as hand searching of the references of identified articles and the meeting abstracts were performed. Study selection, data abstraction and study quality evaluation were independently conducted in duplicate. Statistical analyses were performed using software Stata 11.0. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) were performed. Different effects models were used according to the difference in heterogeneity. Publication bias was tested by Begg's funnel plot and Egger's regression test. A total of 4 publications including 7 studies were involved. For rs12425791, significant association was found in allelic model (OR=1.06, 95%CI=1.00-1.11) and dominant model (OR=1.10, 95%CI=1.03-1.18), whereas no evidence of association was found for additive model (OR=1.04, 95%CI=0.93-1.17) and for recessive model (OR=0.99, 95%CI=0.88-1.10). For rs11833579, no evidence of association was found for all genetic models. In the analysis of Chinese Han population, there is lack of evidence for association of ischemic stroke for both SNPs. In summary, our meta-analysis suggests that rs12425791 is significantly associated with ischemic stroke in East Asian population but not Chinese Han population, of which A alleles increase the risk of ischemic stroke, whereas no evidence of association was found for rs11833579 in East Asian population as well as Chinese Han population.
    Journal of the neurological sciences 01/2012; 316(1-2):116-21. DOI:10.1016/j.jns.2012.01.010 · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies have evaluated the association between paraoxonase 2 (PON2) Ser311Cys polymorphism and ischemic stroke risk which developed inconsistent conclusions. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to investigate a more authentic association between PON2 Ser311Cys polymorphism and ischemic stroke. Systematic searches in PUBMED, EMBASE, CBM, and CNKI databases were performed. Data analyses were carried out by Review Manager 5.1.2 and Stata 11.0. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used for additive model (Cys/Cys vs. Ser/Ser), dominant model (Ser/Cys+Cys/Cys vs. Ser/Ser), recessive model (Cys/Cys vs. Ser/Cys+Ser/Ser), and allelic model (Cys allele vs. Ser allele), respectively. Publication bias was analyzed by Begg's funnel plot and Egger's test. A total of 7 studies including 2,046 cases and 2,962 controls were involved. Overall, no significant association was found between PON2 Ser311Cys polymorphism and ischemic stroke risk when all studies were pooled into the meta-analysis (for additive model: OR = 0.87, 95% CI = 0.67-1.14; for dominant model: OR = 1.05, 95% CI = 0.91-1.22; for recessive model: OR = 0.90, 95% CI = 0.77-1.05; and for allelic model: OR = 1.17, 95% CI = 0.86-1.59). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, significant association was found among Europeans (for recessive model: OR = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.69-0.99). However, due to the small number of studies included in subgroup analysis, the result for European population should be interpreted cautiously.
    Molecular Biology Reports 12/2011; 39(5):5623-30. DOI:10.1007/s11033-011-1367-0 · 1.96 Impact Factor