Marte Glambek

University of Bergen, Bergen, Hordaland, Norway

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Publications (2)6.26 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Dysfunction of glial lipid metabolism and abnormal myelination has recently been reported in both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Cholesterol is a major component of myelin, and glia-produced cholesterol serves as a glial growth factor in synaptogenesis. We have recently demonstrated that antipsychotic drugs activate the sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) transcription factors in human and rat glial cells, with subsequent up-regulation of numerous downstream genes involved in cholesterol and fatty acid biosynthesis. Since this stimulation of cellular lipogenesis could represent a new mechanism of action of psychotropic drugs, we investigated whether antidepressants and mood-stabilizers were able to induce a similar activation of SREBP-controlled lipid biosynthesis. Cultured human glioma cells (GaMg) were exposed to the antidepressant drugs imipramine, amitriptyline, clomipramine, citalopram, fluoxetine, mirtazapine and bupropion and the mood-stabilizers/antiepileptics lithium, valproate and carbamazepine. All antidepressant drugs activated the SREBP system with subsequent up-regulation of the downstream lipogenesis-related genes, although to a markedly different extent. The mood-stabilizers did not affect the SREBPs or the downstream genes. These results link antidepressant drugs, but not mood-stabilizers, to SREBP-mediated activation of cellular lipogenesis, and demonstrate a functional similarity between antipsychotic and antidepressant molecular drug action.
    Neuroscience Letters 04/2006; 395(3):185-90. DOI:10.1016/j.neulet.2005.10.096 · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several studies have reported on structural abnormalities, decreased myelination and oligodendrocyte dysfunction in post-mortem brains from schizophrenic patients. Glia-derived cholesterol is essential for both myelination and synaptogenesis in the CNS. Lipogenesis and myelin synthesis are thus interesting etiological candidate targets in schizophrenia. Using a microarray approach, we here demonstrate that the antipsychotic drugs clozapine and haloperidol upregulate several genes involved in cholesterol and fatty acid biosynthesis in cultured human glioma cells, including HMGCR (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase), HMGCS1 (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A synthase-1), FASN (fatty acid synthase) and SCD (stearoyl-CoA desaturase). The changes in gene expression were followed by enhanced HMGCR-enzyme activity and elevated cellular levels of cholesterol and triglycerides. The upregulated genes are all known to be controlled by the sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) transcription factors. We show that clozapine and haloperidol both activate the SREBP system. The antipsychotic-induced SREBP-mediated increase in glial cell lipogenesis could represent a novel mechanism of action, and may also be relevant for the metabolic side effects of antipsychotics.
    The Pharmacogenomics Journal 02/2005; 5(5):298-304. DOI:10.1038/sj.tpj.6500323 · 4.23 Impact Factor