ABSTRACT: Tofisopam is an anxiolytic agent of the BZD group, chemically 1(3-4 dimethoxyphenyl)-4methyl-5-ethyl-7,8 dimethoxy-5H-2,3-benzodiazepine. TZP differs from the traditional 1,4-benzodiazepines regarding the positions of the nitrogen atoms. Three clinical cases were reported where tofisopam increased the blood level of immunosuppressive agent leading clinically relevant adverse drug reaction and necessitating reduction of the dose of the drugs or discontinuation of the administration of tofisopam. The administered immunosuppressive agent is a substrate of the CYP3A4 system, so the effect of tofisopam on the CYP3A4 enzyme was investigated in vitro using human recombinant CYP3A4 supersome. Benzyoxy-4-(trifluoromethyl)-coumarin (BFC) was used as substrate. Tofisopam in 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1 and 5 micromol/l concentrations inhibited dose dependently the enzyme activity. Activity inhibition rates were 4%, 29%, 40%, 56%, 61% and 94%, respectively and the IC50 was 0.8 micromol/l. The IC50 of positive control substance ketoconazole was 0.03 micromol/l. In in vitro experiments the inhibitory effect of tofisopam was lower than that of ketoconazole (potent CYP3A4 inhibitor) with an order of magnitude. According to the in vitro results it could be concluded that tofisopam is an inhibitor of CYP3A4 but to clarify the clinical importance of this inhibition further human clinical data are needed.
Acta pharmaceutica Hungarica 02/2005; 75(4):195-8.