Candan Oztürk

Mersin University, Zephyrium, Mersin, Turkey

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Publications (13)23.2 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Direct rigid laryngoscopy (DRL) is a relatively simple and well-tolerated procedure that can provide both diagnostic and therapeutic benefits. There are no data regarding the risk of acquiring bacteremia after DRL. The purpose of this prospective study was to assess the frequency of bacteremia and nosocomial colonization following DRL and to identify possible risk factors for the development of these complications. In this study, 55 consecutive patients with benign or malignant laryngeal pathologies undergoing DRL were included between January 2010 and January 2011. The patients have benign laryngeal lesions and suspicious malignancy. In appropriate circumstances of each patient before intubation and at postoperative 24 hours of throat swab, samples were taken in the transport medium of the patients who underwent planned DRL and underwent surgery. The samples were evaluated in our Microbiology Department. Blood cultures were performed using automated system at postoperative 5 and 24 hours. For each patient at preoperative and postoperative period, C-reactive protein levels in blood samples were measured. SPPS 16 package program was used for statistical analysis. The distribution of sex was 45 males and 10 females with average age of 51.4 (between 23 and 99 years). Patients who had malignant lesions (n = 17) accounted for 30.9% of all patients. Preoperative Candida colonization was recovered from the cultures obtained from 9 oropharyngeal specimens (16.4%). Postoperative oropharyngeal nosocomial bacteria colonization was observed in 14 patients (25.5%). Nosocomial colonization was found related to malignancy (P = 0.014). C-reactive protein levels of patients before and after surgery were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). At postoperative 5 and 24 hours, blood cultures of all patients were negative. Postsurgical bacteremia was not observed. Although there is no association between DRL and bacteremia, nosocomial colonization may be significant. Nosocomial colonization possesses a risk of development of infection especially in patients with malignancy.
    The Journal of craniofacial surgery 01/2014; 25(1):e89-92. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is increasing evidence to suggest that reactive oxygen and nitrogen species play a role in the pathogenesis of renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. This study was designed to determine the possible protective effects of trapidil treatment against oxidative and nitrosative tissue injury of kidney induced by I/R. A renal I/R injury was induced by a left renal pedicle occlusion by ischemia for 45 minutes, followed by 1 hour of reperfusion with contralateral nephrectomy in I/R and I/R + trapidil groups. Trapidil (8 mg/kg intravenously) was administrated immediately before reperfusion phase. At the end of the reperfusion period, rats were killed. Then, renal tissue samples were taken for biochemical analysis and histopathological evaluation, and blood samples were obtained to determinate serum urea, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels. Ischemia-reperfusion injury caused significant increases in myeloperoxidase activity and malondialdehyde and 3-nitrotyrosine levels in renal tissue and elevated serum urea, AST, and TNF-alpha levels. In addition, severe deterioration of renal morphology was seen in the I/R group. Trapidil treatment significantly reduced in biochemical parameters, as well as serum urea, AST, and TNF-alpha levels. Furthermore, renal tissue injury was markedly attenuated with trapidil treatment. These data suggest that reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species play a causal role in I/R-induced renal tissue, and trapidil has a renoprotective effect against oxidative and nitrosative kidney damage.
    Journal of Pediatric Surgery 11/2006; 41(10):1686-93. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Animal models of thermal injury indicate reactive oxygen species and inflammatory cytokines as causative agents in tissue injury on various organs distant from the original wound. Trapidil has various properties, such as inhibition of platelet aggregation and lipid peroxidation as well as reduction of the inflammatory response to injury. This study was designed to determine the possible protective effect of trapidil treatment against oxidative organ damage in lung, intestine and kidney induced by cutaneous thermal injury. Thirty Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups. Sham group (n=6) was exposed to 21 degrees C water while burn-3 h group (n=6) and burn+trap-3h group (n=6), burn-24 h (n=6) and burn+trap-24 h groups were exposed to boiling water for 12s to produce a full thickness burn in 35-40% of total body surface area. In both burn+trap-3 h and burn-trap-24 h group, 8 mg/kg trapidil was given intravenously immediately after thermal injury. Three and 24 h later, tissue samples were taken for biochemical analysis from lung, intestine and kidney and blood samples were obtained to determinate serum TNF-alpha levels. Cutaneous thermal injury caused a significant increase in myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) and 3-nitrotyrozine (3-NT) levels in all tissues and elevated serum TNF-alpha levels at post-burn 3 and 24 h. Trapidil treatment significantly reduced in biochemical parameters, as well as serum TNF-alpha levels. These data suggest that trapidil has a protective effect against oxidative organ damage in burn injury.
    Burns 12/2005; 31(7):859-65. · 1.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Enterobiasis is a helminthic disease which is very common especially in children. The IgE response has been associated with helminth infections and allergic diseases. Comparison of levels of total serum IgE of 36 children infected with Enterobius vermicularis and of 25 healthy children between 7 and 12 years of age was carried out The mean value of IgE in enterobiasis in children was 363.79+/-397.06 IU/ml (medium+/-SD) and 177.14+/-224.64 IU/ml (medium+/-SD) in the control group and it was found that there was no significant statistical difference (p=0.163).
    Turkiye parazitolojii dergisi / Turkiye Parazitoloji Dernegi = Acta parasitologica Turcica / Turkish Society for Parasitology 02/2005; 29(3):180-2.
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    ABSTRACT: Cryptosporidium spp. are protozoa which only live in a host cell and may cause an infection that may result in the death of people with immune deficiency. It is known that Cryptosporidium parvum and Cryptosporidium hominis infections may be spread by contaminated well and tap waters. The facts that there is no certain and reliable cure and that the organisms may be found asymptomatically in the healthy people increases the importance of cryptosporidiosis. Our study has been performed in the city of Mersin and surrounding areas. A total of 100 samples of water were taken from taps (44 samples), wells (2 samples), the sea (35 samples) and sewage (19 samples) to investigate the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts. Cryptosporidium oocysts have been detected in 5 samples of tap water, one sample of well water, one sample of sea water and 4 samples of sewage water.
    Turkiye parazitolojii dergisi / Turkiye Parazitoloji Dernegi = Acta parasitologica Turcica / Turkish Society for Parasitology 02/2005; 29(4):224-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative and nitrosative stressor agents can trigger DNA strand breakage, which then activates the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase (PARS). Activation of the enzyme depletes the intracellular concentration of energetic substrates such as nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD). This process can result in cell dysfunction and cell death. PARS inhibitors have been successfully used in ischemia-reperfusion injury, inflammation and sepsis in several experimental models. In our experimental study, we investigated the role of 3-aminobeanzamide (3-AB), a non-specific PARS inhibitor, on the intestinal mucosal barrier after burn injury. Twenty-four Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups. The sham group (n = 8) was exposed to 21 degrees C water while the burn group (n = 8) and the burn + 3-AB group (n = 9) were exposed to boiling water for 12s to produce a full thickness burn in 35-40% of total body surface area. In the burn + 3-AB group, 10mg/kg of 3-AB was given intraperitoneally 10min before thermal injury. Twenty-four hours later, tissue samples from mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN), spleen and liver were obtained under sterile conditions for microbiological analysis and ileum samples were obtained for biochemical and histopathological analysis. In burn group, the incidence of bacteria isolated from MLN and spleen was significantly higher than other groups (P < 0.05). 3-AB pre-treatment prevented burn induced bacterial translocation and it significantly reduced burn induced intestinal injury. Tissue malondialdehyde and 3-nitrotyrozine levels were found significantly lower than that of the burn group. These data suggest that the relationship between PARS pathway and lipid peroxidation in intestinal tissue and PARS has a role in intestinal injury caused by thermal injury.
    Burns 12/2004; 30(8):785-92. · 1.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the common flora of human cerumen in patients with recurrent otitis externa, and subjects who had been operated on and had an open mastoidectomy cavity from chronic otitis media. Cerumen samples were collected from three groups; group A (n = 20) consisted of patients with recurrent otitis externa, group B (n = 20) consisted of patients with an open cavity and group C (n = 30) consisted of healthy subjects. The mean of the microbial count was 3.4 x 10(4) in group A, 3.08 x 10(4) in group B and 2.48 x 10(4) in group C. The most commonly isolated microorganism from the three groups was Staphylococcus epidermidis. No growth was observed in five cases (25 per cent) in group A and in three cases (10 per cent) in group C. In group B antimicrobial growth was observed in all samples. In 46 (65 per cent) of the cerumen samples, the isolates were monomicrobial and 24 (35 per cent) of the cerumen samples were polymicrobial. The isolates were polymicrobial in 65 per cent of group A, 20 per cent in group B and 23.3 per cent in group C. In the process of investigating the microbial flora of cerumen in all the three groups, microbial growth was observed from all the samples from patients with an open cavity, unlike the other groups, and it was determined that the group with recurrent external otitis had the most abundant microbial flora.
    The Journal of Laryngology & Otology 05/2004; 118(4):260-2. · 0.68 Impact Factor
  • M Unal, L Oztürk, C Oztürk, A Kabal
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea. A prospective clinical study consisting of 19 patients, aged 23-72 years with confirmed obstructive sleep apnoea by overnight polysomnography, and 36 control subjects, aged 25-61 years with no history of obstructive sleep apnoea and gastroesophageal reflux complaints, was conducted. Titres of serum H. pylori IgG antibody were assayed by a serum enzyme-linked immunoabsorbant assay. The difference between the study and control groups was analysed by chi-squared test. Seventeen of the 19 patients (89.5%) were found to be H. pylori positive. However, 21 of the 36 control subjects (58.3%) were H. pylori positive. The seropositivity of H. pylori in obstructive sleep apnoea patients was found to be significantly higher than the control group (P = 0.017). The result of our study shows that there is a high association between H. pylori infection and obstructive sleep apnoea. This data may be important for future treatment strategies of the disease.
    Clinical Otolaryngology 05/2003; 28(2):100-2. · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    Critical Care 01/2003; 7:1-1. · 4.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) was first demonstrated in the heart, but this protective effect has been also recently described in the intestine. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of intestinal ischemic preconditioning on the morphology of intestine and bacterial translocation. Twenty-four male Wistar rats weighting 250 to 300 g were randomized into three groups. A control group of rats (n = 8) were subjected laparotomy. In an ischemic group (n = 8), laparotomy was performed and the superior mesenteric artery was occluded by an atraumatic clamp for 30 min. In the preconditioned group (n = 8), before the ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) period (as in ischemic group), rats were subjected to an initial 10 min of intestinal ischemia and 10 min of reperfusion. Twenty-four hours later, to evaluate whether the I/R induced intestinal injury and bacterial translocation (BT), tissue and blood samples were collected, and liver, spleen, and mesenteric lymph node specimens were obtained under sterile conditions for microbiological analysis. Samples of ileum were removed for both biochemical and histopathological evaluation. In the I/R group, the incidence of bacteria-isolated mesenteric lymph nodes, spleen, liver, and blood was significantly higher than other groups (P < 0.05). IPC prevented I/R-induced BT and it significantly reduced the I/R-induced intestinal injury (P < 0.05). Increased inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS) expression observed on the ileal specimens of the I/R group was found to be prevented by IPC. Our data suggest IPC as a key factor that reduces BT and iNOS activation in intestinal I/R. This is the first study showing that intestinal IPC blocks the cascade of events that causes BT and intestinal injury that may lead to sepsis.
    Shock 11/2002; 18(5):476-80. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to investigate the therapeutic role of vitamin A in addition to standard antibiotic treatment on healing of experimental acute maxillary sinusitis. Experimental maxillary sinusitis in rabbits was induced by blocking the left noses and direct inoculation of Staphylococcus aureus into the left maxillary sinuse cavities. Right maxillary sinuses were exposed to serum physiologic as the control group. Animals were divided into two groups. Forty-eight hours after the inoculation, Group A received only parenteral ampicilline-sulbactam (50 mg/kg), Group B were treated with same antibiotic regimen and parenteral a dose of 100.000 IU vitamin A in palmitate form. Animals were killed at 10th day and mucosas of each sinuses were examined histopathologically. Inflammation and sinus epithelium integrity were assessed. Groups were compared with using Mann-Whitney U test. All of the infected sinuses displayed various degrees of inflammation but there was no statistically significant difference between the study and control groups. Although epithelium integrity was slightly better in Group B but the difference was not meaningful. The adjuctive therapeutic role of vitamin A in acute sinusitis was found doubtful but this topic is worth to investigate more comprehensively.
    International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 10/2002; 65(3):219-23. · 1.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Protective role of selenium against free radical damage was first demonstrated in the heart and this effect was further questioned in other systems. In the present study, the effects of exogenously administered selenium on intestinal fine morphology, lipid peroxidation, and bacterial translocation (BT) in experimental intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) model were examined. Thirty-two male Wistar rats weighing 250-300 g were randomized into four groups. Sham group (n=8) underwent laparotomy only. In the I/R group (n=8), laparotomy was performed and the superior mesenteric artery was occluded using an atraumatic microvascular clamp for 30 min. In corresponding selenium-treated groups (n=8 each), sodium selenate was given 0.2 mg kg(-1)day(-1) intraperitoneally (i.p.) for 3 consecutive days, prior to surgery for either laparotomy only or with I/R. Twenty-four hours later, tissue samples from liver, spleen, and mesenteric lymph nodes were obtained under sterile conditions for microbiological analysis and further evaluation of I/R-induced intestinal injury. Ileum samples were fixed in 10% formaldehyde for histopathological evaluation. In the I/R group, the incidence of bacteria-isolated mesenteric lymph nodes, spleen, and liver was significantly higher than other groups (P<0.05). Selenium supplementation prevented I/R-induced BT and significantly reduced the I/R-induced intestinal injury (P<0.05). Tissue MDA levels from the ileum specimens of selenium-treated rats were significantly lower than that of the I/R group (P<0.05). Our results provide evidence that the relationship between BT and lipid peroxidation in intestinal tissue is crucial. Selenium pretreatment reduces lipid peroxidation which contributes to the maintenance of intestinal mucosal integrity.
    Pharmacological Research 09/2002; 46(2):171-5. · 4.35 Impact Factor
  • Murat Unal, Candan Oztürk, Kemal Görür
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated serum interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha levels in 17 children aged 5-12 years (mean 7) with chronic tonsillitis before and after tonsillectomy. Cytokine concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. IL-1beta and IL-6 levels were significantly higher than the control levels (p < 0.05) in preoperative serum samples. Other cytokine levels were within normal limits. After tonsillectomy, IL-1beta and IL-6 levels were significantly reduced (p < 0.05). It is suggested that IL-1beta and IL-6 may be mediators which have a role in chronic tonsillitis disease and that tonsillectomy has a significant effect on preoperative IL-1beta and IL-6 serum levels.
    ORL 64(4):254-6. · 1.10 Impact Factor