Michael Notter

Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Timisoara, Freidorf, Timiş, Romania

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Publications (14)61.1 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In cartilage repair, scaffold-assisted one-step approaches are used to improve the microfracture (Mfx) technique. Since the number of progenitors in Mfx is low and may further decrease with age, aim of our study was to analyze the chondrogenic potential of freeze-dried polyglycolic acid-hyaluronan (PGA-HA) implants preloaded with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in vitro and in a rabbit articular cartilage defect model. Human bone marrow-derived MSC from iliac crest were cultured in freeze-dried PGA-HA implants for chondrogenic differentiation. In a pilot study, implants were loaded with autologous rabbit MSC and used to cover 5 mm × 6 mm full-thickness femoral articular cartilage defects (n = 4). Untreated defects (n = 3) served as controls. Gene expression analysis and histology showed induction of typical chondrogenic marker genes like type II collagen and formation of hyaline-like cartilaginous tissue in MSC-laden PGA-HA implants. Histological evaluation of rabbit repair tissue formation after 30 and 45 days showed formation of repair tissue, rich in chondrocytic cells and of a hyaline-like appearance. Controls showed no articular resurfacing, tissue repair in the subchondral zone and fibrin formation. These results suggest that MSC-laden PGA-HA scaffolds have chondrogenic potential and are a promising option for stem cell-mediated cartilage regeneration. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2013.
    Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B Applied Biomaterials 05/2013; · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is generally accepted that after differentiation bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) become lineage restricted and unipotent in an irreversible manner. However, current results imply that even terminally differentiated cells transdifferentiate across lineage boundaries and therefore act as a progenitor cells for other lineages. This leads to the questions that whether transdifferentiation occurs via direct cell-to-cell conversion or dedifferentiation to a progenitor cells and subsequent differentiation, and whether MSC potency decreases or increases during differentiation. To address these questions, MSC were differentiated into adipogenic lineage cells, followed by dedifferentiation. The process of dedifferentiation was also confirmed by single cell clonal analysis. Finally the dedifferentiated cells were used for adipogenesis, osteogenesis and chondrogenesis. Histology, FACS, qPCR and GeneChip analyses of undifferentiated MSC, adipogenic-differentiated and dedifferentiated cells were performed. Interestingly, gene profiling and bioinformatics demonstrated that upregulation (DHCR24, G0S2, MAP2K6, SESN3) and downregulation (DST, KAT2, MLL5, RB1, SMAD3, ZAK) of distinct genes have an association with cell cycle arrest in adipogenic-differentiated cells and perhaps narrow down the lineage potency. However, the upregulation (CCND1, CHEK, HGF, HMGA2, SMAD3) and downregulation (CCPG1, RASSF4, RGS2) of these genes have an association with cell cycle progression and maybe motivate dedifferentiation of adipogenic-differentiated cells. We found that dedifferentiated cells have a multilineage potency comparable to MSC, and also observed the associative role of proliferation genes with cell cycle arrest and progression. Concluded, our results indicate that transdifferentiation of adipogenic-differentiated cells into osteogenic- or chondrogenic-differentiated cells proceeds via dedifferentiation and correlates with cell cycle arresting and deriving genes. Regarding clinical use, the knowledge of potency and underlying mechanisms are prerequisites.
    Differentiation 05/2013; 85(3):78-90. · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tracking of transplanted stem cells is essential to monitor safety and efficiency of cell-based therapies. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers a very sensitive, repetitive and non-invasive in vivo detection of magnetically labeled cells but labeling with commercial superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) is still problematic because of low labeling efficiencies and the need of potentially toxic transfection agents. In this study, new experimental citrate-coated SPIONs and commercial Endorem and Resovist SPIONs were investigated comparatively in terms of in vitro labeling efficiency, effects on stem cell functionality and in vivo MRI visualization. Efficient labeling of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) without transfection agents was only achieved with Citrate SPIONs. Magnetic labeling of human MSCs did not affect cell proliferation, presentation of typical cell surface marker antigens and differentiation into the adipogenic and osteogenic lineages. However, chondrogenic differentiation and chemotaxis were significantly impaired with increasing SPION incorporation. Transplanted SPION-labeled MSCs were visualized in vivo after intramuscular injection in rats by 7T-MRI and were retrieved ex vivo by Prussian Blue and immunohistochemical stainings. Though a careful titration of SPION incorporation, cellular function and MRI visualization is essential, Citrate SPIONs are very efficient intracellular magnetic labels for in vivo stem cell tracking by MRI.
    Biomaterials 03/2012; 33(18):4515-25. · 8.31 Impact Factor
  • Biomaterials. 03/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Autologous human serum is used in cartilage repair and may exert its effect by the recruitment of mesenchymal stem and progenitor cells (MSC). Aim of our study was to analyze the chemokine profile of human serum and to verify chemotactic activity of selected chemokines on MSC. Human MSC were isolated from iliac crest bone marrow aspirates. Chemotactic activity of human serum made from whole blood and pharma grade serum was tested in 96-well chemotaxis assays and chemokine levels were analyzed using human chemokine antibody membrane arrays. The chemotactic potential of selected chemokines on MSC was tested dose dependently using chemotaxis assays. Human serum derived from whole blood significantly attracted human MSC, while pharma grade serum did not recruit MSC. Human chemokine antibody array analysis showed that the level of chemokines CXCL-3, 5, 7-8, 10-12, 16; CCL- 2, 5, 11, 13, 16-20, 24-25, 27; as well as XCL-1 was elevated (fold change >1.5) in serum derived from whole blood compared to nonrecruiting pharma grade serum. Chemotaxis assays showed that the chemokines IP-10/CXCL-10 and I-TAC/CXCL-11 significantly recruit human MSC. PARC/CCL-18, HCC-4/CCL-16, CTACK/CCL-27, and Lymphotactin/XCL-1 showed no chemotactic effect on MSC. Therefore, human serum derived from whole blood contains chemokines that may contribute to serum-mediated recruitment of human mesenchymal progenitors from bone marrow.
    Connective tissue research 12/2009; 51(2):113-22. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In situ tissue engineering is a promising approach in regenerative medicine, with the possibility that adult stem or progenitor cells will be guided chemotactically to a tissue defect and subsequently differentiate into the surrounding tissue type. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) represent attractive candidate cells. Chemokines such as CXCL12 (SDF-1alpha) chemoattract MSC, but little is known about the molecular processes involved in the chemotaxis and migration of MSC. In this study, MSC recruitment by CXCL12 was investigated by genome-wide microarray analysis. The dose-dependent migration potential of bone-marrow-derived MSC toward CXCL12 was measured in an in vitro assay, with a maximum being recorded at a concentration of 1,000 nM CXCL12. Microarray analysis of MSC stimulated with CXCL12 and non-stimulated controls showed 30 differentially expressed genes (24 induced and six repressed). Pathway analysis revealed 11 differentially expressed genes involved in cellular movement and cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, including those for migratory inducers such as the chemokines CXCL8 and CCL26, the leukocyte inhibitory factor, secretogranin II, and prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase 2. These results were confirmed by real-time polymerase chain reaction for selected genes. The obtained data provide further insights into the molecular mechanisms involved in chemotactic processes in cell migration and designate CXCL12 as a promising candidate for in situ recruitment in regenerative therapies.
    Cell and Tissue Research 04/2009; 336(2):225-36. · 3.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recruitment of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) to tissue damages is a promising approach for in situ tissue regeneration. The physiological mechanisms and regulatory processes of MSC trafficking to injured tissue remain poorly understood. However, the pivotal role of chemokines in MSC recruitment has already been shown. The aim of this study was to determine the migratory potential and the gene expression profile of MSC stimulated with the CC chemokine CCL25 (TECK). Bone marrow derived human MSC were exposed to different doses of CCL25 in a standardized chemotaxis assay. Microarray gene expression profiling and pathway analysis were performed for CCL25 stimulated MSC. Maximum migration of MSC towards CCL25 was observed at 10(3) nM. Microarray analysis revealed an induction of molecules directly involved in chemotaxis and homing of bone marrow cells (CXCL1-3, CXCL8, PDE4B), cytoskeletal and membrane reorganisation (CXCL8, PLD1, IGFBP1), cellular polarity (PLD1), and cell movement (CXCL1-3, CXCL6, CXCL8, PTGS2, PDE4B, TGM2). Respective chemokine secretion was confirmed by protein membrane-array analysis. The activation of CXCR2 ligands (CXCL1-3, CXCL5-6, CXCL8) and a LIF-receptor/gp130 ligand (LIF) indicated an involvement of the respective signaling pathways during initiation of chemotaxis and migration. These results suggest CCL25 as a new potential candidate for further in situ regeneration approaches.
    Experimental Cell Research 02/2009; 315(8):1468-79. · 3.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The recruitment of bone marrow CD34- mesenchymal stem- and progenitor cells (MSC) and their subsequent differentiation into distinct tissues is the precondition for in situ tissue engineering. The objective of this study was to determine the entire chemokine receptor expression profile of human MSC and to investigate their chemotactic response to the selected chemokines CCL2, CXCL8 and CXCL12. Human MSC were isolated from iliac crest bone marrow aspirates and showed a homogeneous population presenting a typical MSC-related cell surface antigen profile (CD14-, CD34-, CD44+, CD45-, CD166+, SH-2+). The expression profile of all 18 chemokine receptors was determined by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Both methods consistently demonstrated that MSC express CC, CXC, C and CX(3)C receptors. Gene expression and immunohistochemical analysis documented that MSC express chemokine receptors CCR2, CCR8, CXCR1, CXCR2 and CXCR3. A dose-dependent chemotactic activity of CXCR4 and CXCR1/CXCR2 ligands CXCL12 and CXCL8 (interleukin-8) was demonstrated using a 96-well chemotaxis assay. In contrast, the CCR2 ligand CCL2 (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, MCP-1) did not recruited human MSC. In conclusion, we report that the chemokine receptor expression profile of human MSC is much broader than known before. Furthermore, for the first time, we demonstrate that human MSC migrate upon stimulation with CXCL8 but not CCL2. In combination with already known data on MSC recruitment and differentiation these are promising results towards in situ regenerative medicine approaches based on guiding of MSC to sites of degenerated tissues.
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 06/2007; 101(1):135-46. · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Knowledge of the type of biological reaction to chemotherapy is a prerequisite for its rational enhancement. We previously showed that irinotecan-induced DNA damage triggers in the HCT116p53(wt) colon carcinoma cell line a long-term cell cycle arrest and in HCT116p53(-/-) cells apoptosis (Magrini et al., 2002). To compare the contribution of long-term cell cycle arrest and that of apoptosis to inhibition of cell proliferation after irinotecan-induced DNA damage, we used this isogenic system as well as the cell lines LS174T (p53(wt)) and HT-29 (p53(mut)). Both p53(wt) cell lines responded to damage by undergoing a long-term tetraploid G1 arrest, whereas the p53(mut) cell lines underwent apoptosis. Cell cycle arrest as well as apoptosis caused a similar delay in cell proliferation. Irinotecan treatment also induced in mouse tumours derived from the p53(wt) cell lines a tetraploid G1 arrest and in those derived from the p53-deficient cell lines a transient G2/M arrest and apoptosis. The delay of tumour growth was in the same range in both groups, that is, arrest- and apoptosis-mediated tumour growth inhibition was comparable. In conclusion, cell cycle arrest as well as apoptosis may be equipotent mechanisms mediating the chemotherapeutic effects of irinotecan.
    Oncogene 02/2006; 25(2):165-75. · 8.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have the potential to differentiate into distinct mesenchymal tissues including cartilage, which suggest these cells as an attractive cell source for cartilage tissue engineering approaches. Our objective was to study the effects of TGF-beta1, hyaluronic acid and synovial fluid on chondrogenic differentiation of equine MSC. For that, bone marrow was aspirated from the tibia of one 18-month-old horse (Haflinger) and MSC were isolated using percoll-density centrifugation. To promote chondrogenesis, MSC were centrifuged to form a micromass and were cultured in a medium containing 10 ng/ml TGF-beta1 or 0.1mg/ml hyaluronic acid (Hylartil, Ostenil) or either 5%, 10% or 50% autologous synovial fluid as the chondrogenesis inducing factor. Differentiation along the chondrogenic lineage was documented by type II collagen and proteoglycan expression. MSC induced by TGF-beta1 alone showed the highest proteoglycan expression. Combining TGF-beta1 with hyaluronic acid could not increase the proteoglycan expression. Cultures stimulated by autologous synovial fluid (independent of concentration) and hyaluronic acid demonstrated a pronounced, but lower proteoglycan expression than cultures stimulated by TGF-beta1. The expression of cartilage-specific type II collagen was high and about the same in all stimulated cultures. In summary, hyaluronic acid and autologous synovial fluid induces chondrogenesis of equine mesenchymal stem cells, which encourage tissue engineering applications of MSC in chondral defects, as the natural environment in the joint is favorable for chondrogenic differentiation.
    Tissue and Cell 01/2005; 36(6):431-8. · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been shown to differentiate into distinct mesenchymal tissues including bone and cartilage. The capacity of MSCs to replicate undifferentiated and to mature into cartilaginous tissues suggests these cells as an attractive cell source for cartilage tissue engineering. Here we show that the stimulation of human bone marrow-derived MSCs with recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP2) results in chondrogenic lineage development under serum-free conditions. Histological staining of proteoglycan with Alcian blue and immunohistochemical staining of cartilage-specific type II collagen revealed the deposition of typical cartilage extracellular matrix components. Semi-quantitative real-time gene expression analysis of characteristic chondrocytic matrix genes, such as cartilage link protein, cartilage oligomeric matrix protein, aggrecan, and types I, II, and IX collagen, confirmed the induction of the chondrocytic phenotype in high-density culture upon stimulation with BMP2 and transforming growth factor-beta3 (TGFbeta3). Histologic staining of mineralized extracellular matrix with von Kossa, immunostaining of type X collagen (typical for hypertrophic chondrocytes), and gene expression analysis of osteocalcin and adipocyte-specific fatty acid binding protein (aP2) further documented that BMP2 induced chondrogenic lineage development and not osteogenesis and/or adipogenesis in human MSCs. These results suggest BMP2 as a promising candidate for tissue engineering approaches regenerating articular cartilage on the basis of mesenchymal progenitors from bone marrow.
    Differentiation 01/2004; 71(9-10):567-77. · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    Arthritis Research & Therapy 01/2004; · 4.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Irinotecan (CPT-11), a recently introduced component of a standard chemotherapy for colorectal cancer, induces in colon cancer cell lines in vitro cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Since sporadic colon carcinomas exhibit in 50-60% mutations in the p53 gene and in 10-15% an MSI phenotype due in the great majority of the cases to hMLH1 inactivation, we investigated how these lesions influence the cellular effects of CPT-11 by using colorectal carcinoma cell line HCT116 (which has the genotype p53(+/+),hMLH1(-)) and 2 derivative cell lines with the genotypes p53(+/+),hMLH1(+) and p53(-/-),hMLH1(-). CPT-11 treatment induced G2/M arrest in all 3 cell lines within 48 hr. In the p53(+/+),hMLH1(+) cell line, G2/M arrest was maintained for at least 12 days. There was little concomitant apoptosis, but this was enhanced when the hMLH1 protein was absent. This enhanced apoptosis was accompanied by a shorter duration of the G2/M arrest than in the hMLH1(+) cell line. Partial abrogation of G2/M arrest by caffeine enhanced apoptosis in both hMLH1(+) and hMLH1(-) cells. By contrast, in the p53(-/-) cell line, the G2/M arrest was terminated within 4 days. Termination of the G2/M arrest was accompanied by a high level of apoptosis detectable through poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) cleavage, DNA fragmentation and by the appearance of cells with a DNA content <2N. The triggering of G2/M arrest was accompanied in the 3 cell lines by a transient phosphorylation of cdc-2, while the maintenance of the arrest in the p53(+/+) cell lines was accompanied by the overexpression of p53 and p21 proteins and, consequently, by the inhibition of cdc-2 kinase activity. These data indicate that: (i) CPT-11 induces long-term arrest in p53(+/+) cells and a short-term arrest followed by apoptosis in p53(-/-) cells; (ii) triggering of the arrest is p53 independent and is associated with a brief increase of phosphorylation of cdc-2, while the p53-dependent maintenance of G2/M arrest is associated with the inhibition of cdc-2 kinase activity by p21; and (iii) lack of hMLH1 protein enhances CPT-11-induced apoptosis. These results may be useful for designing rational therapies dependent on the p53 and mismatch-repair status in the tumor.
    International Journal of Cancer 10/2002; 101(1):23-31. · 6.20 Impact Factor
  • Gastroenterology 01/2001; 120(5). · 12.82 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

460 Citations
61.10 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Timisoara
      Freidorf, Timiş, Romania
  • 2009–2013
    • Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin
      • Medical Department, Division of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology
      Berlin, Land Berlin, Germany
  • 2004
    • Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
      • Department of Psychology
      Berlín, Berlin, Germany